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Election in Sri Lanka

Rajapaksa and Indian Interest

and a member of the United Nations.  Sri Lanka has had a long history of international engagement.Introduction  Sri Lanka . the Commonwealth of Nations. and languages  Sri Lanka has a rich Buddhist heritage  Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. . and the Non-Aligned Movement.  It is the only country in South Asia that is currently rated "high" on the Human Development Index. the G77.  A diverse and multicultural country. as a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). and a home to many religions. ethnic groups.officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka  And known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon  is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

Sri Lankan government.Structure  Sri Lanka is a democratic republic and a unitary state which is governed by a semi-presidential system. head of government. the Sri Lankan government has three branches:  Executive:  The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state.  In common with many democracies. and is popularly elected for a five-year term. the commander in chief of the armed forces.The President heads the cabinet and appoints ministers from elected members of parliament  The current President is Maithripala Sirisena. .

. leads the ruling party in parliament and shares many executive responsibilities. the Prime Minister. Judicial:  Sri Lanka's judiciary consists of a Supreme Court – the highest and final superior court of record.  Members are elected by universal suffrage based on proportional representation system for a five-year term  The president's deputy. High Courts and a number of subordinate courts.   Legislative:  The Parliament of Sri Lanka is a unicameral 225-member legislature with 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies and 29 elected by proportional representation.Cont. a Court of Appeal. mainly in domestic affairs.

 Private entities and elements in the Research and Analysis Wing and the state government of Tamil Nadu were believed to be encouraging the funding and training for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. where India and Sri Lanka are only separated by 12 nautical miles.Sri Lanka Relations. a separatist insurgent force   Sri Lankan Navy personnel firing on Indian fishermen fishing in the Palk Strait. The issue is because of Indian fishermen using mechanized trawlers which deprives the Sri Lankan fishermen including Tamils of their catch and also damaging their fishing boats .Overview  Bilateral relations between the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Republic of India  Controversially affected by the Sri Lankan Civil War and by the failure of Indian intervention during the war and the fishing disputes.India .

India and Sri Lanka signed an agreement allowing for the transfer of criminals serving prison sentences in the other country to be repatriated to serve the balance of their sentences in their home country .  A number of development projects are implemented under ‘Aid to Sri Lanka’ funds.  India is active in a number of areas of development activity in Sri Lanka.  About one-sixth of the total development credit granted by GOI is made available to Sri Lanka.Cont.  Indian governments have also showed interest in collaborating with their Sri Lankan counterparts on building tourism between the two countries based on shared religious heritage  Other areas of cooperation are.

 He served as Prime Minister from 6 April 2004 until his victory in the 2005 presidential election.Mahindha Rajapaksa  Sri Lankan politician who served as the 6th President of Sri Lanka from 19 November 2005 to 9 January 2015.  He was sworn in for his first six-year term as President on 19 November 2005.  He was re-elected for a second term on 27 January 2010. Rajapaksa was first elected to the Parliament of Sri Lanka in 1970.  A lawyer by profession.  He was defeated in his bid for a third term in the 2015 presidential election by Maithripala Sirisena and left office on 9 January 2015. .

. nepotism.Charges against Rajapaksa  WikiLeaks from 2009 to 2010 released information stating Mahinda Rajapaksha as responsible for massacre of Tamil civilians  Many had accused him of becoming authoritarianism. poor governance. and corruption.  Lost the support of most of the minorities due to his alliance with the Buddhist extremist Bodu Bala Sena  Stock market price-fixing and the abuse of state funds for political purposes by his family and his close association.

 United National Party led oppositions candidate was Ranil Wickremesinghs.2015 SRI LANKAN PARLIMENTARY ELECTIONS  President Mahinda Rajapakshsa was United Peoples Freedom Alliances candidate seeking third term in the office.  UPFA came second with 95 seats . .  UNP won a total of 106 seats in a 225 member assembly short of an absolute majority by 7 seats.

Result .

but the Rajapaksa did not budge. and is helping to modernize and expand the Sri Lanka Armed Forces. especially in terms of naval agreements. not once but twice in Colombo.  It was only after Sirsena took over that many Chinese projects were kept on hold for review for flouting environmental and building laws . and also trains Sri Lankan military personnel  Rajapaksa allowed Chinese naval submarine to dock. rattled New Delhi  The 1. which the Chinese were building from reclaimed land had led to howl of protest from concerned citizens.5 billion dollar Colombo Port City.  China has been a steady source of military equipment to Sri Lanka.Sri Lanka and China  In recent years Sri Lanka has moved closer to China.

when the new Parliament will meet and a new prime minister take charge  China was a big factor in the deteriorating ties between India and Sri Lanka.  China’s foray into the Indian Ocean is a major challenge to India  The government of India felt Lanka was using Beijing to needle and humiliate India .Rajapaksa as Sri Lankan PM is bad for India?  UN report on human rights abuse by the Sinhala army in the last phase of the military campaign against the LTTE will be tabled at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva by September-end.

Rajapaksa refused to concede even an inch to the minorities. . besides promising "13 Amendment +" for the Tamils.Cont.  Issues could come up once again if Rajapaksa were to become prime minister.  Rajapaksa also told that Lanka’s new government is being unfair to China by unnecessarily dragging it into domestic politics  Also.

New plans  Sirisena is attempting a delicate balance of tacking back towards India without losing China’s friendship.  The new government said it is reviewing investments from all countries made in Sri Lanka during Rajapaksa regime to investigate allegations of corruption. .  It also said China’s USD five billion loans was provided with high interests and wants to renegotiate them with Beijing.