Wireless Sensor Network (WSN

)
Adnan Amer Saadeddin 20610462

Outline
‡ I will get in these points
± WSN ± Sensors ± How does WSN Work ± applications

Wireless sensor network (WSN)

‡ A sensor network consists of multiple detection stations called sensor nodes, each of which is small, lightweight and portable

Wireless sensor network (WSN)
‡ WSN are used to collect data from the environment. ‡ They consists of large number of sensor nodes and one or more Base Stations. ‡ The nodes in the network are connected via Wireless communication channels. ‡ Each node has capability to sense data, process the data and send it to rest of the nodes or to Base Station. ‡ These networks are limited by the node battery lifetime.

Sensors
‡ The Sensors consist of the following stuff:
± The transducer generates electrical signals based on sensed physical effects and phenomena. ± The microcomputer processes and stores the sensor output. ± The transceiver, which can be hard-wired or wireless, receives commands from a central computer and transmits data to that computer. ± The power for each sensor node is derived from the electric utility or from a battery. // we don t care about this since we are CS Let the engineers suffer from it .

How does (WSN) works
Wireless sensor network routing protocols can be classified into following categories. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Direct communication Flat protocols (Multihop) Hierarchical Routing Protocols Location Based Routing QoS Based Routing

Multihop Routing

Direct Communication

Hierarchical Routing

Cluster Head

Direct communication
Each node has a direct access to the main router and the nodes doesn t communicate Direct Communication with each other.

Flat routing protocols
‡ Flat routing protocols distribute information as needed to any router that can be reached or receive information. No effort is made to organize the network or its traffic, only to discover the best route hop by hop to a destination by any path
Multihop Routing

Hierarchical routing protocols
‡ this process made groups of nodes bye using a clustering techniques, each group connect to a one in them node, you can call it cluster head, and each router send its data to the main router

Hierarchical Routing

Cluster Head

Location-Based Routing
‡ is a system of rules to varying degrees of complexity dictating where inbound telephone calls from various locations are routed to. The location of call origin is normally determined by the outgoing Caller ID of the caller but can also be determined by GPS position or signal triangulation, the latter being particularly useful for calls coming frommobile phones.

Applications
‡ Potential applications of sensor networks include:
± ± ± ± ± ± ± ±

Industrial automation Automated and smart homes Video surveillance Traffic monitoring Medical device monitoring Monitoring of weather conditions Air traffic control Robot control.

Thank you very much Any questions ?

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful