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1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Theoretical framework of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation

2 System’s design 3. CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS .BLOWN RESEARCH Chapter 2 – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Chapter 3 – METHODOLOGY 3.5 Evaluation Chapter 4 – RESULTS AND FINDINGS CHAPTER 5 – SUMMARY.4 Implementation 3.1 Baseline research analysis 3.THE FULL .3 Development and system’s integration 3.

but not so technical that only specialists will understand. The title should be appropriate for the intended audience.THE TITLE  Make your title specific enough to describe the contents of the paper. Experimental. Development. Modeling. Design. etc. Implementation. Evaluation (Simulation.  The title usually describes the subject matter of the article: “Design and Simulation of a Low-Cost Irrigation System”  Sometimes a title that summarizes the results is more effective: “Simulation of Low-Cost Irrigation System a Key to Effective Implementation” Title Keywords: Analysis.) .

. of 100-250 words.ABSTRACT  An abstract. is published together with a research article. or summary. and decide which articles they want to read in depth. giving the reader a "preview" of what's to come. which summarizes the purpose. methods. results and conclusions of the paper. The abstract should be a little less technical than the article itself.  Your abstract should be one paragraph. They allow other scientists to quickly scan the large scientific literature.

Start by writing a summary that includes whatever you think is important. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes. while still retaining the necessary concepts.  Don't use abbreviations or citations in the abstract.ABSTRACT  It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. and then gradually prune it down to size by removing unnecessary words.  Comes with Keywords ( at least 5 technical words utilized ) .

End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment. .CHAPTER 1 THE INTRODUCTION  The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked. This information may include the need to replicate previous studies due to some shortcomings or to apply previous research to a different population.  The purpose of the introduction is to give a solid background of the phenomena being studied. One to four paragraphs should be enough. It provides information that will lead into the statement of problem.

advantage of what is being proposed and presents the value of the project (impact). The introduction generally covers the following:   problem to be identified and defined. .THE INTRODUCTION  In general. the reader should be able to understand the need for the present study and have concrete understanding of the researcher’s theory. technical justification.

academic and social impact.THE INTRODUCTION The introduction may be well presented using the following sequence: 1.1 Background of the study   Brief latest evolution of the technology describes how the technology of interest surfaced and its motivational factors of its development.  Significant impact of the technology – describes the significant impact of the technology in terms of economic. .

 Challenges of the technology – describes the various challenges posed by the development. It must be noted that some trade-offs may have been experienced in the utility of the technology which can be related in the following sequence:  Global scene  National scene  Local scene .

 Interventions and initiatives that mitigate challenges – describes some prevailing interventions and initiatives imposed by other scientists to alleviate challenges based on technology innovations and/or technology-based treatment which can also be in the following sequence:    Global scene  National scene  Local scene .

2 Statement of problem – this section should recognize and acknowledge the aforementioned arguments presented as challenges and interventions that can be utilized as motivating factor for some potent interventions/solutions based on technology innovations and or other forms of technology-based treatment.1. .

 Presentation of proposed solution – presents that through the design/ development/implementation and evaluation of the proposed project/study. . The study therefore should seek to address some prevailing technical issues and or questions with respect to the design. development. implementation and evaluation of the proposed technology-based treatment. it provides better solution and resolution to stakeholders.

and May contains implications for empirical testing . 1.3 Objectives of the study – (Main & Specific Objectives)   May be a statement of an outcome of the study in terms of variables.

1.4 Significance of the study – this is a brief section which should answer the question: Why is this research needed? This section should describe the importance of the research for the furtherance of learning and to the economy. . The research should present compelling arguments and clearly show its significant contribution/impact to various stakeholders.

1.  Input – Process – Output – Outcome (IPO) Paradigm .5 Framework of the study – A group of related ideas that provides guidance to a research project/ endeavor.

 1. Other technologies may be mentioned and classified under the limitation of the study. . general methodology and the project setting. Relevant information which is withheld may also be classified under the limitation.6 Scope and limitation of the study – describes the specific coverage of the study bearing the enabling technologies involved.