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John Dewey and

Montessori
By: May Vonne Hill
EDFD 201
Dr. Catherine Rhodes

John Dewey

October 20, 1859 to June 1, 1952

Maria Montessori

August 31, 1870 to May 6,
1952

Alice Chipman Remarried at 87 to a widow named Roberta Grant .Personal Data      Birthplace: Burlington. believer of Calvinism 3rd of 4 children Had 7 children with his first wife. Merchant • Lucina Artemisia Rich. USA Parents: • Archibald Dewey. Vermont.

Personal Data •Birthplace: Chiaravelle. an official of Ministry of finance •Renilde Stoppani. niece of Antonio Stoppani •Had a son with Guiseppe Montano . Italy •Parents: •Allesandro Montessori. Marche.

Dewey Education 1879 was 15 years old. a philosopher and a psychologist Montessori 1886 entered university and did well in sciences and mathematics 1890 was 20 years old. enrolled at University of Vermont and graduated second in his class four years later 1884 received his doctorate of philosophy and psychology at John Hopkins University Significant influence: Joseph Torrey – professor at University of Vermont inspired writings by William James. enrolled in University of Rome and graduated as doctor of medicine in 1896 1901 to 1906 enrolled in philosophy Significant influence: works of Jean Itard and Edoard Seguin .

USSR . psychology and pedagogy department 1899 American Philosophical Association President 1905 to 1929 1929 to 1939 1905 to 1928 Columbia University Professor emeritus traveled Japan. China. Turkey.Career 1884 to 1888 and 1889-1894 1888 University of Michigan University of Minnesota 1894 University of Chicago Chairman of philosophy.

The conduct of the pupils shall be governed by themselves. Scientific study of each pupil’s development. 3. inspired by Dewey’s ideas. is absolutely essential to the intelligent direction of his development. and will serve as guides in the investigations undertaken. rather than as taskmasters. later codified his doctrines as follows: 1. mental. 4. Interest shall be the motive for all work.Dewey’s Philosophy Modern father of experiential education Experience arise from two principles: continuity and interaction The Progressive Education Association. 2. according to the social needs of the community. physical. social and spiritual. Teachers will inspire a desire for knowledge. .

6. dancing. .Dewey’s Philosophy 5. giving freely to the sum of educational knowledge the results of their experiments in child culture. with greater use of the out-of-doors. Cooperation between school and home will fill all needs of the child’s development such as music. 7. All progressive schools will look upon their work as of the laboratory type. play and other extracurricular activities. Greater attention is paid to the child’s physical needs.

Books by John Dewey .

professor of • anthropology founded Casa dei Bambini • made her first visit to the United • States went back to the US where she put up a glass-walled classroom and demonstrated work Kilpatrick • book written byher William entitled The Montessori Method Examined was published . She was 29. appointed as co-director of Orthophrenic School 1900 • 1904 1907 1913 1915 • University of Rome. undertook a 2-week lecture tour before prominent public figures.Caree r 1896 1899 • • • chosen to represent Italy at the women’s conference in Berlin also worked as a voluntary assistant and started her research about children with mental disability and illness.

no social interaction and play .overly reliant on sense-training 4.Overly rigid 3.Outdated 2.HE MONTESSORI METHOD EXAMINED by: William Kilpatrick 1.left too little scope for imagination 5.

freedom of movement and activity within the limits set by the environment.Montessori Method an educational method characterized by an emphasis on independence. .

Montessori Method Prepared environment • Mixed age group • 3 year range – birth to 3. 9 to 12 • Montessori trained teachers . 3 to 6. 6 to 9.

Prepared Environment Math Area .

Prepared Environment Language Area Sandpaper Alphabet Sound Phonogram Bucket .

Prepared Environment Investigation Shelf Science Area Plant and Animal Shelf .

Prepared Environment History Area .

Prepared Environment Geography Area .

Prepared Environment Arts Area .

Prepared Environment Music .

Gustatory and Auditory materials .Prepared Environment Sensorial Area Tactile. Olfactory.

Prepared Environment Practical Life Area .

Pink Tower .

Movable Alphabet .

Outdoor activities .

by 1912 1917 1913 1936 1914 1947 1917 1949 .

. we rob them of tomorrow.Dewey quotes If we teach today’s students as we taught yesterday’s.

” .Montessori Quotes Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.