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A

Seminar

On

“POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT

USING UPFC”

By

Mr. SURENDRA M. BUTALE

Under the guidance of

Prof. S. P. Jolhe

Associate Prof. In Electrical Engineering Department DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING GOVT. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING CHANDRAPUR

2014-2015

Content

Introduction of power factor improvement Power factor Effect of low power factor FACTS Benefits of FACTS FACTS Devices Introduction to UPFC Circuit description Operation of UPFC Application Conclusion

INTRODUCTION

Electrical energy generated, transmitted, distributed in the form of alternating current. Therefore power factor plays an important role.

Power factor is highly undesirable as it causes an increase in current, result in additional losses of active power in all the elements of power system

For good quality of power supply, it is necessary to have power factor as close as unity.

q

Power factor

The cosine angle between voltage and current in an AC circuit.

The ratio of resistance to impedance. The ratio of active power to the apparent power.

Power triangle

Apparent power= VI in KVA

Active power = VI cosθ in KW

Reactive power = VI sinθ in KVAr

KVAr

KVA θ Kw
KVA
θ
Kw

Effect of low power factor

Large KVA rating of equipment Greater conductor size Large copper losses Poor voltage regulation

FACTS

Flexible AC Transmission System (Facts) is a new integrated concept based on power electronic switching converters and dynamic controllers to enhance the system utilization and power transfer capacity as well as the stability, security,

reliability and power quality of AC system interconnections.

FACTS technologies improved transmission system operation with minimum investment, environmental impact and implementation time compared to the construction of new transmission line.

BENEFITS OF FACTS

Regulation of power flows in prescribed transmission routes.

Reduces the need for construction of new transmission lines, capacitors and reactors.

Provides greater ability to transfer power between controlled areas.

These devices help to damp the power oscillations that could damage the equipment.

BENEFITS OF FACTS

Improves the transient stability of the system.

Controls

real

and

independently.

reactive

power

flow

in

the

line

Damping of oscillations which can threaten security or limit the usable line capacity.

FACTS Devices

Name

Type

Main function

Controller

SVC

shunt

voltage control

Thyristor

TCSC

series

power flow control

Thyristor

TCPAR

series & shunt

power flow control

Thyristor

STATCOM

shunt

Voltage control

GTO

SSSC

series

power flow control

GTO

UPFC

shunt & series

voltage and power flow control

GTO

INTRODUCTION TO UPFC

The UPFC concept describe in 1995 by L. Gyugyi.

The UPFC is a device which can control simultaneously all three parameters of line power flow

Such "new" FACTS device combines together the features of two "old" FACTS devices:

1. STATCOM 2. SSSC

Control active and reactive power in transmission line

These two devices are two Voltage Source Inverters (VSI’s) connected respectively in shunt with the transmission line through a shunt transformer and in series with the transmission line through a series transformer, connected to each other by a common dc link including a storage capacitor.

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

The basic configuration of

a UPFC, which is installed

between the sending-end Vs and the receiving-end VR. The UPFC consists of a combination of a series device and a shunt device, the dc terminals of which are connected to a common dc link capacitor .

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION  The basic configuration of a UPFC, which is installed between the sending-end Vs

Fig1: Basic configuration of UPFC

Operation of UPFC

Series inverter- used for active and reactive line power flow Shunt inverter used for voltage regulation UPFC extensively used in power system because of their ability to provide flexible power flow controller

Operation of UPFC  Series inverter- used for active and reactive line power flow  Shunt

Application

Using HVDC transmission system Use of UPFC for optimal power flow control For improving micro grid voltage profile For enhancement of voltage profile & minimization of losses Increase transient stability of inter area power system For damping power system ossicilation

conclusion

UPFC is FACT device used to control active & reactive power flow. The overall result over the power system is that it improved the power factor. So it bring the present power system at better economy level

Thank you