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PRESENTED BY:

RAMEZ FAROOQ
JAFAR RAZA
MUHAMMAD NOAMAN

Presented to:
Sir Bilal Khan

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS:
International financial institutions(IFIs) arefinancial
institutionsthat have been established by more than one
country, and hence are subjects ofinternational laws. Their
owners or shareholders are generally national governments,
although other international institutionsand other
organizations occasionally figure as shareholders. The most
prominent IFIs are creations of multiple nations, although
some bilateral financial institutions exist and are technically
IFIs. Many of these are multilateral development
banks(MDB).

CREDIT INSTITUTIONS
International Monetary Funds (IMF)
International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development (IBRD)
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
International Development Association (IDA)
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
(MIGA)
Islamic Development Bank (IDB)
Asian Development Bank (ADB)

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS:
Their common goal.
to reduce global poverty and improve people's

living conditions and standards;


to support sustainable economic, social and
institutional development; and
to promote regional cooperation and integration.

INTERNATIONAL
MONETARY FUND (IMF):
The International Monetary Fund was created in
1944, with a goal to stabilize exchange rates and
supervise the reconstruction of the worlds
international payment system.
1.Promote international monetary cooperation.
2.Shorten the duration and lessen the degree of
disequilibrium in the international balances of
payments of members.
3.Facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of
international trade.
4.Promote Exchange stability and maintain orderly
exchange arrangements among members.
5.Assist in establishing a multilateral system of
payments.

The IMF provides financial


assistance to members
to help them to correct
balance of payments
problems in a manner
that promotes
sustained growth.

INTERNATIONAL
MONETARY FUND (IMF)
Functions
1.It works to foster global growth.
2.Economic stability by providing policy, advice and financing to members.
3.Working with developing nations to help them achieve macroeconomic stability.
4.By reducing poverty.

Board of Governers
24 Executive Directors make up Executive Board. The Executive Directors
represent all 188 member countries

ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL
MONETARY FUND:

INTERNATIONAL BANK
FOR RECONSTRUCTION
AND DEVELOPMET (IBRD):
1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and
2.
3.

4.
5.

6.

Development was established in 1945.


It had 187 members.
The IBRD is an international organization
whose original mission was to finance the
reconstruction of nations devastated by World
War II.
Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty
by means of financing states.
In 2011, it raised $29 billion USD in capital
from bond issues made in 26 different
currencies.
Lending commitments of $26.7 billion made to
132 projects in 2011.

INTERNATIONAL BANK
FOR RECONSTRUCTION
AND DEVELOPMET (IBRD):
Functions
It works to foster global growth and
economic stability
by providing policy, advice and financing to
members.
,by working with developing nations to help them
achieve macroeconomic stability.
by reducing poverty.
Board of Governors
24 Executive Directors make up Executive Board.
The Executive Directors represent all 188 member
countries

INTERNATIONAL
FINANCE
CORPORATION (IFC):
1. The International Finance Corporation

was established in 1956.


2. Its authorized capital amounts to U.S
$2.15 billion since June 1999.
3. It promotes sustainable private sector
investment in developing countries as
a way to reduce poverty and improve
people's lives.
4. The membership in IFC is open to all
member-countries of the World Bank

INTERNATIONAL
FINANCE
CORPORATION (IFC):
Purpose is fulfilled by:
Investing in productive private enterprise in
association with private investors, and without
Government guarantees of repayment, in cases where
sufficient private capital is not available on reasonable
terms;
Serving as a Clearing House to bring together
investment opportunities, private capital and
experienced management;
Helping to stimulate the productive investment of
private capital, both domestic and foreign by helping in
development of local markets.

INTERNATIONAL
FINANCE
CORPORATION (IFC):
Administration and Management:
All power of the IFC is vested in the Board of
Governors and Alternate-Governors of the World Bank
who represent countries which are also members of
IFC.
The Board of Directors, composed of the Executive
Directors of the World Bank who represent countries
which are also members of IFC, supervises the conduct
of the general operations of IFC.

The President of the World Bank serves as exoffice Chairman of the Board of Directors of IFC. He is
appointed by the Board.

INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
ASSOCIATION (IDA):
1. The International Development Association

was established in 1960.


2. 165 Members is the part of the World Bank
that helps the worlds poorest countries.
3. IDA is responsible for providing long-term,
interest-free loans to the world's 80 poorest
countries, 39 of which are in Africa.

INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
ASSOCIATION (IDA):
The Articles of Agreement lay down the aims
as under:
to promote economic development;
to increase productivity, and thus raise the

standards of living in the less developed areas of


the world.

INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
ASSOCIATION (IDA):
The membership, confined to the member-countries
of the World Bank, has been divided into two groups:
Group (1)
consists of those countries which are more advanced
economically.
countries are the main contributors for IDA purposes
Group (2)
consists of less developed countries.
countries are eligible to receive IDA credits.

MULTILATERAL
INVESTMENT AND
GUARENTEE AGENCY
(MIGA):
1.

2.
3.

The Multilateral Investment


Guarantee Agency was established
in 1998.
It had168members of July 2010.
It has an elected Board of Directors
which comprises of 12 members.

MULTILATERAL
INVESTMENT AND
GUARENTEE AGENCY
(MIGA):
MIGA works for achieving this
objective :
1.restrictions on currency conversion and

transfers,

2.legislative or administration action,


3.repudiation of contract with investors in

cases where the investor has no access to


competent forum, and
4.armed conflict and civil commotion or
unrest.

Islamic Development Bank


1. The Islamic Development Bank (IDB) is

2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

a multilateral development financing


institution located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Began its activities on 20October1975.
There are 56shareholding member states
Mohammed bin Faisal is the former
president of the IDB.
On the 22 May 2013, IDB tripled its
authorized capital to $150 billion to better
serve Muslims in member and non-member
countries.
Saudi Arabia holds about one quarter of
the bank's paid up capital.

Islamic Development Bank


Membership
The present membership of the Bank consists of
56 countries.
Ranked on the basis of paid-up capital (as of November 2011),
major shareholders include:
1. Saudi Arabia (23.61%)
2. Libya (9.47%)
3. Iran (8.28%)
4. Nigeria (7.69%)
5. United Arab Emirates (7.54%)
6. Qatar (7.21%)
7. Egypt (7.1%)
8. Turkey (6.48%)
9. Kuwait (5.48%)

Islamic Development Bank


Projects and programs
Completed
Khanarc Canal in northeast Azerbaijan:
The Gao Bridge in Mali:
Ongoing
Modernising road planning and designing in
Yemen:
Scholarship Programs:

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT
BANK (ADB):
1. Regional development bank established on

22 August 1966.
2. Headquartered in Metro Manila, Philippines.
3. From 31 members at its establishment, ADB
now has 67 members, of which 48 are from
within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
4. At the end of 2013, Japan holds the largest
proportion of shares at 15.67%. The United
States holds 15.56%, China holds 6.47%,
India holds 6.36%, and Australia holds
5.81%.
ITS STATED GOALS:
1- Promoting economic growth
2.Reducing poverty
3.Developing human resources
4.Improving the status of women
5.Protecting the environment

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT
BANK (ADB):

Members
ADB has 67 members (as of 2 February 2007): 48 members
from the Asian and Pacific Region, 19 members from Other
Regions. Notable non-members are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, North Korea, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Names are as
recognized by ADB.

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT
BANK (ADB):

Name

Dates

Nationality

Takeshi Watanabe

19661972

Japan

Shiro Inoue

19721976

Japan

Taroichi Yoshida

19761981

Japan

Masao Fujioka

19811989

Japan

Kimimasa Tarumizu

19891993

Japan

Mitsuo Sato

19931999

Japan

Tadao Chino

19992005

Japan

Haruhiko Kuroda

20052013

Japan

Takehiko Nakao

2013

Japan

ROLE OF ASIAN DEVELOPMENT


BANK:
1- Provides loans and equity investments to its developing
member countries
2- Provides technical assistance for the planning and execution of
development projects and programs and for advisory services
3-Promotes and facilitates investment of public and private
capital for development
4-Assists in coordinating development policies and plans of its
DMCs