You are on page 1of 13




74 ± 0:18 ° C over the last century. increased intensity of extreme weather phenomena and changes in the amount and pattern of precipitation. The effects of global warming include its impact on agricultural output. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that. most likely caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from human activity" via the greenhouse effect Increasing global temperature will cause other changes such as rising sea levels. ocean. and land surface. and the extinction of various animal species. "most of the increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century. loss of glaciers. Global average temperature at the Earth's surface has increased by 0.Definition of Global Warming Global warming is the process of increasing the average temperature of the atmosphere. .

Growing seasons will be longer in some areas. . As a result. the northern regions of the Northern Hemisphere ( Northern Hemisphere) will heat up more than other areas on Earth. In mountainous areas in temperate. Weather Scientists predict that during global warming. Temperatures in winter and at night would tend to increase. snow-covered part will shrink and will melt faster. probably will not get it again. Will be less ice floating on the northern oceans. Areas that previously experienced mild snow. mountains of ice will melt and the land will shrink.Impact of Global Warming 1.

especially around Greenland. The increase in sea level Changes in the average height of the sea surface area measured with geologically stable environment. the surface layer of the oceans will warm. which will raise the volume of water in the ocean. When the atmosphere warms. Sea levels worldwide have risen 10-25 cm (4-10 inches) during the 20th century . Warming will also melt a lot of ice at the poles. so the volume will expand and raise sea levels.2.

Crop and forest insect attack and may experience a more severe disease. may benefit from the higher rainfall and growing season length. but it is actually not the same in some places.3. for example. semi-arid tropical agriculture in some parts of Africa may not be able to grow. Agricultural areas that use irrigation water from distant mountains may suffer if the snowpack (snow collection) winter. Agriculture One might assume that a warmer Earth will produce more food than ever. Southern parts of Canada. which serves as a natural reservoir. . On the other hand. would melt before the peak months of the growing season.

animals tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountains.4. Some types of species that are not able to quickly move toward the poles may also be destroyed. However.Animals and plants Animals and plants are living things that are difficult to avoid the effects of global warming because most of the land is controlled by humans. Species that migrate north or south that are blocked by the cities or agricultural lands may be dead. . Plants will change the direction of growth. human development will deter this movement. In global warming. looking for new areas as old habitats become too warm.

such as dengue fever. Other tropical diseases such as malaria can also be spread. Outbreaks of diseases commonly found in the tropics. such as diseases caused by mosquitoes and other disease-carrying animals. yellow fever. scientists predict that more and more people are affected by the disease or die from heat stress. and encephalitis.5.Human health In warmer world. . percentage will increase to 60 percent if the temperature increases. mold spores and pollen. 45 percent of the world's population live in areas where they can be bitten by a mosquito carrying the malaria parasite. The scientists also predict increased incidence of allergies and respiratory diseases due to warmer air will increase pollutants. will widen because they can move into areas that were previously too cold for them. Currently.

empty land that has not been built from south to north. to protect plants and animals while maintaining the corridor (lane) habitat. Species can move slowly along the corridor leading to cooler habitats. The current challenge is to overcome the effects that arise while taking steps to prevent further climate change in the future. Some countries. Coastal areas can be protected by walls and barriers to prevent the entry of sea water. . like the United States. damage can be mitigated in various ways.Control of Global Warming Total consumption of fossil fuels in the world increased by 1 percent per year. the government can help the population in Severe coastal areas to move to higher ground. Alternatively. The steps taken or being discussed at this time no one can prevent global warming in the future.

reduce the production of greenhouse gases.There are two main approaches to slow the increasing greenhouse gases. This method is called carbon sequestration (removing carbon). . First. Second. it prevents the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by storing the gas or its carbon component somewhere else.

How to inject (injecting) the gas into oil wells to bring oil to the surface (see Enhanced Oil Recovery). Injection can also be done to isolate the gas under the ground as in oil wells. so much to absorb carbon dioxide. Across the world. coal seams or aquifers. In many areas. plants that grow back a little once because the soil loses its fertility when it is converted to other uses. Steps to overcome this is to reforestation increasing role in reducing greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide can also be removed directly.Remove carbon The easiest way to remove carbon dioxide in the air is to maintain trees and plant more trees. especially young and growing fast. . the rate of forest encroachment has reached an alarming level.Trees. break through photosynthesis and store the carbon in wood. such as agriculture or residential development.

as gas releases less carbon dioxide than oil and much less than coal. In the 20th century. However. Change of trend in the use of fossil fuels is actually indirectly have reduced the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air. although controversial for reasons of safety and hazardous waste. Nuclear energy. the use of renewable energy and nuclear energy further reduce the release of carbon dioxide into the air.This has been done in one of a drilling rig off the coast of Norway. . does not emit any carbon dioxide at all. where the carbon dioxide is brought to the surface with natural gas captured and injected back into the aquifer so it can not return to the surface. One source contributor of carbon dioxide is the burning of fossil fuels. gas started to be used as an energy source.

so there's most likely global warming will get worse in the future Global warming is very damaging to the universe. increased intensity of extreme weather phenomena. but has not been severe as it is now.Conclusion Actually that global warming has occurred since 1861. changes in the amount and pattern of precipitation. such as rising sea levels. prominence of agriculture. including : the removal of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by planting and protecting trees more and reduce the production of greenhouse gases. . Global warming can only be controlled by addressing the effects while doing preventive measures . the loss of glaciers. It showed her no temperature increase from year to year. extinction of various animal species and the emergence of various diseases.