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GLOBAL WARMING

CREATED BY GROUP III:

AGUNG PRAYOGI SUBRATA


ARBA JOHARI
ARDI SETIAWAN
EKO SUATMAJI
IRWANSYAH PUTRA
RAMADANI
RISKA AFRIANDI

Definition of Global Warming


Global warming is the process of increasing the average
temperature of the atmosphere, ocean, and land surface.
Global average temperature at the Earth's surface has
increased by 0.74 0:18 C over the last century.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
concluded that, "most of the increase in global average
temperatures since the mid-20th century, most likely
caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases
resulting from human activity" via the greenhouse effect
Increasing global temperature will cause other changes
such as rising sea levels, increased intensity of extreme
weather phenomena and changes in the amount and
pattern of precipitation. The effects of global warming
include its impact on agricultural output, loss of glaciers,
and the extinction of various animal species.

Impact of Global Warming


1. Weather
Scientists predict that during global warming, the
northern regions of the Northern Hemisphere ( Northern
Hemisphere) will heat up more than other areas on
Earth. As a result, mountains of ice will melt and the
land will shrink. Will be less ice floating on the northern
oceans. Areas that previously experienced mild snow,
probably will not get it again. In mountainous areas in
temperate, snow-covered part will shrink and will melt
faster. Growing seasons will be longer in some areas.
Temperatures in winter and at night would tend to
increase.

2. The increase in sea level

Changes in the average height of the sea surface area


measured with geologically stable environment. When
the atmosphere warms, the surface layer of the oceans
will warm, so the volume will expand and raise sea
levels. Warming will also melt a lot of ice at the poles,
especially around Greenland, which will raise the volume
of water in the ocean. Sea levels worldwide have risen
10-25 cm (4-10 inches) during the 20th century

3. Agriculture
One might assume that a warmer Earth will produce more food than
ever, but it is actually not the same in some places. Southern parts of
Canada, for example, may benefit from the higher rainfall and
growing season length. On the other hand, semi-arid tropical
agriculture in some parts of Africa may not be able to
grow. Agricultural areas that use irrigation water from distant
mountains may suffer if the snowpack (snow collection) winter, which
serves as a natural reservoir, would melt before the peak months of
the growing season. Crop and forest insect attack and may
experience a more severe disease.

4.Animals and plants


Animals and plants are living things that are difficult
to avoid the effects of global warming because most
of the land is controlled by humans. In global
warming, animals tend to migrate toward the poles
and up mountains. Plants will change the direction of
growth, looking for new areas as old habitats become
too warm. However, human development will deter
this movement. Species that migrate north or south
that are blocked by the cities or agricultural lands
may be dead. Some types of species that are not able
to quickly move toward the poles may also be
destroyed.

5.Human health
In warmer world, scientists predict that more and more
people are affected by the disease or die from heat
stress. Outbreaks of diseases commonly found in the
tropics, such as diseases caused by mosquitoes and
other disease-carrying animals, will widen because they
can move into areas that were previously too cold for
them. Currently, 45 percent of the world's population
live in areas where they can be bitten by a mosquito
carrying the malaria parasite; percentage will increase to
60 percent if the temperature increases. Other tropical
diseases such as malaria can also be spread, such as
dengue fever, yellow fever, and encephalitis. The
scientists also predict increased incidence of allergies
and respiratory diseases due to warmer air will increase
pollutants, mold spores and pollen.

Control of Global Warming


Total consumption of fossil fuels in the world increased by 1
percent per year. The steps taken or being discussed at this
time no one can prevent global warming in the future. The
current challenge is to overcome the effects that arise
while taking steps to prevent further climate change in the
future.
damage can be mitigated in various ways. Coastal areas
can be protected by walls and barriers to prevent the entry
of sea water. Alternatively, the government can help the
population in Severe coastal areas to move to higher
ground. Some countries, like the United States, to protect
plants and animals while maintaining the corridor (lane)
habitat, empty land that has not been built from south to
north. Species can move slowly along the corridor leading
to cooler habitats.

There are two main approaches to slow the increasing


greenhouse gases. First, it prevents the carbon
dioxide released into the atmosphere by storing the
gas or its carbon component somewhere else. This
method is called carbon sequestration (removing
carbon). Second,
reduce
the
production
of
greenhouse gases.

Remove carbon
The easiest way to remove carbon dioxide in the air is to
maintain trees and plant more trees.Trees, especially young
and growing fast, so much to absorb carbon dioxide, break
through photosynthesis and store the carbon in wood. Across
the world, the rate of forest encroachment has reached an
alarming level. In many areas, plants that grow back a little
once because the soil loses its fertility when it is converted to
other uses, such as agriculture or residential development.
Steps to overcome this is to reforestation increasing role in
reducing greenhouse gases.
Carbon dioxide can also be removed directly. How to inject
(injecting) the gas into oil wells to bring oil to the surface (see
Enhanced Oil Recovery). Injection can also be done to isolate
the gas under the ground as in oil wells, coal seams or
aquifers.

This has been done in one of a drilling rig off the coast of
Norway, where the carbon dioxide is brought to the surface
with natural gas captured and injected back into the aquifer
so it can not return to the surface.
One source contributor of carbon dioxide is the burning of
fossil fuels. In the 20th century, gas started to be used as an
energy source. Change of trend in the use of fossil fuels is
actually indirectly have reduced the amount of carbon dioxide
released into the air, as gas releases less carbon dioxide than
oil and much less than coal. However, the use of renewable
energy and nuclear energy further reduce the release of
carbon dioxide into the air. Nuclear energy, although
controversial for reasons of safety and hazardous waste, does
not emit any carbon dioxide at all.

Conclusion

Actually that global warming has occurred since 1861,


but has not been severe as it is now. It showed her no
temperature increase from year to year, so there's most
likely global warming will get worse in the future
Global warming is very damaging to the universe, such
as rising sea levels, increased intensity of extreme
weather phenomena, changes in the amount and pattern
of precipitation, prominence of agriculture, the loss of
glaciers, extinction of various animal species and the
emergence of various diseases.
Global warming can only be controlled by addressing the
effects while doing preventive measures , including : the
removal of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by planting
and protecting trees more and reduce the production of
greenhouse gases.