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QATAR SHELL

Manual Handling and Lifting for Drivers

QS-GTL

5887-ON-RE-HM-007

4/25/16

ADMINISTRATION
Emergency Procedures
Mobile phones
Duration and breaks
Questions

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Life-Saving Rules
Work with a
valid work
permit
when
required

Conduct gas
tests when
required

Verify
isolation
before work
begins and
use the
specified life
protecting
equipment

Obtain
authorizatio
n before
entering a
confined
space

Obtain
authorization
before
overriding or
disabling
safety critical
equipment

Protect
yourself
against a fall
when working
at height

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Do not walk
under a
suspended
load

Do not
smoke
outside
designated
areas

No alcohol
or drugs
while
working or
driving

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While driving,
do not use
your phone
and do not
exceed speed
limits

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Wear your
seat belt

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Follow
prescribed
Journey
Management
Plan

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TRAINING OBJECTIVES
By the end of this session you will understand:
What is Manual Handling and Lifting?

Basic Principles of Manual Handling & Lifting

Factors to consider in Manual Handling and Lifting.

Injuries resulting from poor Manual Handling

Manual Handling and Lifting Controls

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Responsibilities
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WHAT IS MANUAL HANDLING AND LIFTING ?


Any physical activity by a person or equipment, resulting in

Lifting

Pushing

Pulling

Holding/carrying

Moving/sliding

Stacking

Lowering

any objects/equipment to or from any place or direction


Also included is body position including sitting

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EXAMPLES OF MANUAL HANDLING INCLUDE


Lifting boxes
Holding /carrying a package
Moving luggage
Loading items into a boot or vehicle
Changing a wheel

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THE ASSESSMENT OF MANUAL HANDLING


RISKS

Factors to Consider: Load

Individual capability
Task
Environment

The detailed consideration of each factor is necessary to


achieve a suitable and sufficient risk assessment

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MANUAL HANDLINGFEET


POSITIONING OF THE FEET
Feet apart to the width of the hips, giving a balanced and
stable base for lifting
Leading leg as far forward as is comfortable and if possible,
pointing in the direction you intend to go

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MANUAL HANDLING POSTURE


ADOPT A GOOD
POSTURE
When lifting from a
low level, bend the
knees. But do not
kneel or over flex the
knees
Keep the back
straight, maintaining
its natural curve
Lean forward a little
over the load if
necessary to get a
good grip
Keep the shoulders
level and facing the
same direction as the
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Keep
back
straigh
t

Keep
load
close to
body

Lift
with
legs

Take
firm
grip
Test
the
load

Bend
knees

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MANUAL HANDLING GRIP

Get a good/firm grip

Maximum use of the palm of the hand, the ball of the thumb

and base of the fingers


Try to keep the arms within the boundary, formed by the legs
The best position and type of grip depends on the
circumstances and individual preference , but must be secure
A hook grip is less tiring than keeping the fingers straight
If you need to vary the grip as the lift proceeds, do it as
smoothly as possible

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MANUAL HANDLING ARMS


SIZE UP THE LOAD
The arms must be
kept as close as
possible to the body
Lean forward a little
over the load if
necessary to get a
good grip
Test the load before
starting the lift
Anything you feel is
too heavy or awkward
then get assistance

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MANUAL HANDLING LOAD

KEEP CLOSE TO THE LOAD

Keep the load close to the trunk for as long as possible.


Keep heaviest side of the load next to the trunk. If a close

approach to the load is not possible, slide it towards you


before trying to lift.
DONT JERK
Lift smoothly, raising the chin as the lift begins, keeping
control of the load
If the load is too heavy for you to lift by yourself
Use a mechanical aid
Get someone to assist you

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STOP AND THINK - PLAN


Plan the lift
Where is the load to be placed?
Use appropriate handling aids if possible
Remove obstructions such as discarded wrapping
materials
For a long lift, such as floor to shoulder height, consider
resting the load mid way on a table or bench to change
grip.

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POSITION DRIVING (AND SITTING)


SITTING POSITION
Comfortable but with spine fully supported
Keep the thigh in fully contact with the seat
Too much reclining will create pressure behind your knees.

If the knee bottoms-out, you are too far back. If it's close to
90 it's too close
A fully extended leg results in the knee locking-up, reducing
leverage on the pedals, in a collision the straight knee will be
fractured where the bent knee would fold down
A knee extensively bent (driver sits too close) at an angle of
about 100 does not support the body effectively and results
in bad blood circulation

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POSITION - ADJUSTING YOUR CAR SEAT


Feet and Legs
1. Slide the seat far enough from the wheel where the feet
can touch the pedals comfortably. The feet should be able
to be pressed flat against the pedals
Ensure your thigh is relaxed and all the movement is in the
feet. The seat is too far back if you have to move your thigh
to operate the pedals
3. Ensure your knees have a slight bend in them
4. Check to make sure your legs have plenty of room to move
comfortably without hitting the steering wheel. This will
also help to relieve pressure points and ensure the blood is
circulating
2.

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POSITION
Back and Neck
1. Ensure your shoulders are touching the seat. This will
ensure the spine is supported in case of an accident.
Keep your bottom tucked into the bend of the seat. This will
ensure the lower back is straight and fits into the seat.
3. Center the head rest to the base of the skull. This will help
to prevent whiplash in case of an accident. Position your
head as close to the headrest as possible.
2.

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POSITION - ADJUSTING YOUR CAR SEAT


Steering Wheel
1. The steering wheel should be adjusted so that when the
arms are stretched out, the wrist will rest on top of the
steering wheel. When steering, make sure the elbows are
slightly bent.
2. There should be a minimal clearance of 25cm between the
center of the steering hub and the base of the breastbone
(sternum). It should also not be further away that 45cm.

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MANUAL HANDLING INJURIES


Injuries are divided into 2 main areas, these being:
Musculoskeletal injuries including disc, ligaments & tendons,
spine, nerves injuries and hernias
Accidental injuries eg fractures, abrasions, crushed limbs,
cuts, amputations etc

All injuries must be reported to the medic, no matter how


minor they first appear

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CAUSES OF MANUAL HANDLING INJURIES


Over-exertion - handling a load beyond the bodys capability
Repetitive actions - continually repeating certain movements
or maintaining a body position for long periods
Poor housekeeping - slips, trips and falls
Poor workplace layout - encourages unsafe work postures
and unnecessary manual handling
Incorrect technique - incorrect body positions and
movements
Poor materials staking/storage/handling unstable loads
trapping, squashing, cutting

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Getting Help and Mechanical Aids


If the load is too heavy or too awkward for you to lift by
yourself
Get someone to assist you
Use a mechanical aid

Example of Mechanical aids


Trolley
Winch or crane
Powered hand truck
Wheelbarrow
Forklift

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FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN MANUAL


HANDLING AND LIFTING.
Know your capabilities and ask for

assistance
Think and assess before you lift or move

any object
Avoid placing your hands in position where
they could be crushed or damaged
Wear general purpose gloves to protect
your hands from scratches and minor cuts
Most general purpose gloves will also
provide better grip on materials

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RESPONSIBILITIES
All tasks should be analyzed for all personnel involved in any
manual lifting and handling.
All staff/personnel should be trained in aspects of manual
lifting and handling.
Individuals should reflect on the task they are to perform
before starting the lifting/moving of items

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PRACTICAL EXERCISE GOOD V POOR LIFTING


& CARRYING

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PRACTICAL EXERCISE GOOD V POOR WHEEL


CHANGING

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POSITION DRIVING (AND SITTING)

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PRACTICAL EXERCISE
Volunteer from the attendees
Task :- An object 20Kg in weight has to be moved from the

floor and placed on the table.


*consider the sequence of manual handling and lifting.

Recap scenario with participants

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CARRYING
Maintain good visibility
Keep arms
close to
the body

Keep the
Load
close..

Dont
change
arms

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Avoid
twisting

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PRACTICAL EXERCISE
Task : a driver is sitting in a poor position in his vehicle

(position a volunteer slouched in a chair)


Can you recommend any improvements?

Recap scenario with participants

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KEY LEARNING POINTS


AVOID the need for manual handling as much as
reasonably practicable
ASSESS the risk of injury from any manual
handling that cant be avoided, before
commencing the activity
REDUCE the risk of injury from manual handling,
as far as reasonably practicable, through the use
of mechanical aids then help from other person(s)
THINK about every lift/movement/position before
you undertake it to limit the risk of injury or
discomfort
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ANY QUESTIONS?

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