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Opening Prayer

Lord Jesus, let your Spirit of truth, peace and


love Descend upon us as we begin this meeting.
Let us truly listen to one another for You said,
Where two or three are gathered in my name, I
am in their midst. Open our hearts and minds
to know the will of the Father and give us the
courage and determination to follow and do it.
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to
the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is
now, and ever shall be, world without end.
AMEN

Background of the
Study
Education

can be one of the


strongest instruments for reducing
poverty, thereupon improving the
welfare of the people. (World Bank)
Education remains a top priority in
the Philippine context.
DepEd
had
pushed
for
the
implementation of K to 12.
The present ten-year curriculum is
congested.

to 12 program stirred mixed


reactions from different sectors.
To explore more about the K-12
implementation, this study of
determining the issue, challenges
and practices will be done.

K-12 IMPLEMENTATION:
ITS ISSUES, CHALLENGES, and PRACTICES

Statement of the
Problem

This study aims to determine


the issues, challenges and
practices
of
the
K-12
implementation
and
to
develop an instrument that
will evaluate the curriculum.

Specifically, this aims to answer the following questions:


1. What are the issues of the K-12 implementation along:
a. use of mother tongue in key subjects
b. time frame of each subject
c. subject offerings
d. coverage of the subjects
2. What are the challenges encountered in the implementation of
K-12 curriculum along:
a. readiness of the school
b. availability of materials
c. training of teachers
d. acceptance of curriculum change
3. What are the practices developed in K-12 implementation
along:
a. grading system
b. multi-language instruction
c. additional number of years in school
4. What are the possible parameters of an instrument that can be
used in evaluating K-12 Curriculum?

Theories Used:
Theory

on Language Policy by
Spolsky
Cognitive Development Theory by
Jean Piaget
Motivation Theory by Abraham
Maslow
Bruner's Theory on
Constructivism
John

Deweys Curriculum Theory

Theory on Language
Policy
(Spolsky)

Cognitive
Development

K-12
Implementation:
It's Issues,
Challenges and
Practices
Proposed K-12
Evaluation
Instrument

Theory
(Piaget)

Theory on
Constructivism
(Bruner)

Motivation Theory
(Maslow)

Conceptual Framework

Related Literature
Abueva (2014)
The implementation of the K-12 education plan in
the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to
our nations development.
Trillianes (2014)
He is pushing for the suspension of K-12 Program.
Uyquiengco (2014)
The Philippines was one of only three countries in
the world and the only one in Asia that still had only 10
years in the basic education.
Banal-Formoso (2013)
The business community is alarmed by the inferior
quality and quantity of graduates.
Cruz (2013)
The additional two years has allowed the curriculum
to be revised and decongested.

Parco

(2013)
Some public school teachers in Cebu lack training
and materials.
Lapea (2012)
Education officials are convinced that the use of
mother tongue will facilitate learning, since young
children who are only fluent in their mother tongues
will be less hesitant to speak up in class.
Dalangin-Fernandez (2012)
K to 12 hopes to decongest the curriculum by
spreading the lessons of subjects over 12 years.
Lagura (2012)
He recommend to suspend the realization of the
policy and reschedule for the next succeeding years.
Nolasco (2010)
He discussed what is MTB-MLE.

Related Studies
Amado

(2014)
Level of Acceptance of the K-12
Program and Performance of Students in
Mathematics
Fillmore (2014)
Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual
Education Policy and Implementation in
Mindanao
Khejeri (2014)
Attitudes of Teachers towards the
teaching and use of Mother Tongue as a

Parica

(2013)
Reactions of Parents of Grade VII students in
Sta. Maria High School about the
Implementation of K-12 Program
Arazo (2013)
Perceptions of Grade I Teachers in the K-12
Curriculum
Lefebvre (2012)
Student Attitudes toward Multilingual
Education
Fajardo (2012)
Social Acceptability of the K-12 Program
among selected students and parents of
Lopez Elementary School

Cheung

(2012)
Factors affecting the Implementation of
Curriculum Reform in HongKong
Manalo (2012)
Enhanced K-12 Program as Perceived by
the Parents of Grade Six Pupils at Baao
District
Zellman (2012)
K-12 Education Reform in Qatars Schools
Tan (2011)
Most Perceived Problems on K-12
Implementation of the Students of Luzon
Elementary School, Tagkayawan Quezon

Research Methodology
Research

Design
Descriptive Qualitative Analysis
Instruments
Checklist to guide the FGD
Population
ALL teachers of Naga North
District