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Basic Hydraulics

2. Hydraulic System Components
Version 2.10 1/10/2005

Positive displacement pumps & motors
Gear, rotor, piston & vane type pumps & motors
Pump displacement
Motor displacement
Gear, rotor and vane pumps & motors (fixed displacement)
Piston pumps & motors (fixed or variable displacement)
All pumps create oil flow.
All motors convert hydraulic to mechanical energy

Hydraulic Pumps & Motors

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Hydraulic Pumps

Gear Pumps

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Hydraulic Pumps

Rotor Pump

Rotor Pumps

Gerotor Pump

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Hydraulic Pumps

Axial Piston Pump

Radial Piston Pump

Piston Pumps
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Hydraulic Pumps

Fixed Displacement Piston Type

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Hydraulic Pumps
1

Variable Displacement Piston Type

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Variable Displacement Piston Pump Operation

Click Projector to run animation
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Hydraulic Motors

Gear Type

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Hydraulic Motors

Fixed Displacement Piston Type

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Hydraulic Motors

Variable Displacement Piston Type

Calculate output rev/min of a 2-speed motor for the following capacities
when the input oil flow is 20 l/min
1. 50 cm3 / rev
2. 25 cm3 / rev

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Hydraulic Valves

Pressure Control

Flow Control
Higher Pressure or Flow
Medium pressure or Flow
Lower Pressure or Flow
Trapped Oil

Directional Control

Reservoir Return

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Pressure Control Valves

Direct Acting Pressure Relief Valve

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Pressure Control Valves

Pilot Operated Pressure Relief Valve
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Pressure Control Valves

Pressure Relief Valve Characteristics

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Pressure Control Valves

Pressure Sequencing Valve

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Pressure Control Valves

Pressure Reducing Valve
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Pressure Control Valves

A

Unload Valve

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Flow Control Valves

Needle Valve

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Flow Control Valves

Pressure Compensated Valve

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Flow Control Valves

1

Bypass Control Valve

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Flow Control Valves

Priority Flow Divider Valve

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Flow Control Valves

2

Shared Priority Flow Divider Valve

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Directional Hydraulic Valves

Check Valve

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Directional Hydraulic Valves

2

1

Shuttle Check Valves

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Directional Hydraulic Valves

A

Open Centre Control Valve

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Directional Hydraulic Valves

A

Closed Centre Control Valve

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Directional Hydraulic Valves

T
C

P

Solenoid Control Valve

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Hydraulic Cylinders

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Cylinders

A

1

B

2

Single & Double Acting Cylinders
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Cylinders

2

C

Displacement Type

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Accumulators

A

B

C

D

Pneumatic & Spring Type Accumulators
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Accumulators

1

3

2

4

Accumulator Applications
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Accumulators

A

B

Diaphragm & Bladder Type Accumulators
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Accumulators

C

D

Piston & Spring Type Accumulators
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