You are on page 1of 20

APPLICATION OF TCSC TO

ENHANCE POWER TRANSFER


CAPABILITY

Presented by:
Kubera u
2SD15EPS05

Contents

Introduction
Structure of TCSC
Operation of TCSC
Simulation model
Results
Conclusion
References

Introduction
Series Capacitors have been used in long
distance EHV transmission lines for increasing
power transfer.
The use of thyristor control to provide variable
series compensation makes it attractive to
employ series capacitors in long transmission
lines.
The transmitted power through a line is
inversely proportional to the transfer impedance.

STRUCTURE OF TCSC
mainly constituted by three parts:series compensating
capacitor C, bypass inductance L, bi-direction
thyristor and The degree of TCSC basic
compensation is controlled by the capacity size of
capacitor C.
The main function of bypass inductance L is to
reduce the short circuit current .
Bi-direction thyristor SCR is used to transform the
equivalent impedance of TCSC which fulfil the
increasing transmission capability,

Fig. structure of TCSC

The impedance of TCSC (ZTCSC) is given by

The current through the TCR (ITCR) is given by

when the trigger angle is 68~90 deg measuring


from the peak of capacitor voltage, the
equivalent impedance of TCSC is appeared as
capacitive.
When the trigger angle is 0~45 deg the
equivalent impedance of TCSC is appeared as
inductive, which is shown in below
characteristics

Fig. Reactance vs firing angle characteristic curve.

Operation of TCSC
a) Bypassed
b) Thyristor Blocked
c) Vernier Control

TCSC bypass mode

Thyristor fully conducting

X TCSC

jX L X C

X L XC

TCR

200

150

100
50
0
-50

100

150

200

Line current
cap voltage
TCR current

-jXc

TCSC Thyristor blocked mode


X TCSC jX C
200

-jXc

Line current
cap voltage

150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150
-200
0.15

0.155

0.16

0.165

0.17

0.175
Time

0.18

0.185

0.19

0.195

0.2

TCSC Varnier mode


X TCSC

00

jX L ( ) X C

X L ( ) X C

Line current
cap current
TCR current
Capacitor Voltage

00

00

00

00
0

00

00

00

00

00
0.27

0.275

0.28

0.285

0.29

0.295

Simulink model

The TCSC can operate in capacitive or inductive mode,


although the latter is rarely used in practice. Since the
resonance for this TCSC is around 58deg firing angle, the
operation is prohibited in firing angle range 49deg 69deg.
The capacitive mode is achieved with firing angles 6990deg. The impedance is lowest at 90deg, and therefore
power transfer increases as the firing angle is reduced. In
capacitive mode the range corresponds to approximately
490-620MW power transfer Comparing with the power
transfer of 110 MW with an uncompensated line, TCSC
enables significant improvement in power transfer level.

Results

Conclusion
A TCSC is placed on a 500kV, long
transmission line, to improve power
transfer. Without the TCSC the power
transfer is around 110MW, as seen
during the first 0.5s of the simulation
when the TCSC is bypassed. The
nominal compensation is 75%, i.e.
assuming only the capacitors (firing
angle of 90deg). The transfer
capability increased upto 600MW.

References
Facts Controllers In Power Transmission
And Distribution by K.R. Padiyar
Understanding FACTS, by hingorani
Simulation and Analysis for Real and
Reactive Power Control with Series Type
FACTS Controller Vatsal J. Patel, C.B.Bhatt
IJETAE (ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 3, March
2012)
Application Of Tcsc To Enhance Power
Quality Mojtaba Khederzadeh Power & Water
University of Technology, IRAN
Mathworks

Thank you