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THE HUMAN HEART

A JOURNEY THROUGH THE


HUMAN HEART

Presentation by Samantha Cameron

TABLE OF CONTENTS
The heart itself

Heart rate

Heart valves

Sounds of the heart

Heart at work

Listen to your heart

The heart to the lungs

Techno tools

The heart to the body

Heart health

Guarding your heart

Credits

THE HEART ITSELF


The human heart
consists of 4 chambers
there are two types of
chambers: the atrium
and the ventricle
there are two of each
type in the heart
the heart weighs a mere
300 grams

HEART VALVES
The human heart contains valves which
prevent blood from flowing back into the
heart chambers after it has contracted
atrioventricular valves are found between the
atrium and ventricle of each side of the heart
semilunar valves are found in the arteries
leaving the heart to prevent blood from
flowing back into the ventricles

HEART AT WORK
Each minute of the
day the heart pumps 5
litres of blood
each time the heart
beats it sends
deoxygenated blood to
the lungs and
oxygenated blood to
the body

THE HEART TO THE LUNGS


Blood enters the right
atrium of the heart via
two large veins: the
superior vena cava and
the inferior vena cava
blood exits the right
ventricle of the heart
through the pulmonary
artery to the lungs

THE HEART TO THE BODY


Blood reenters the left
artrium of the heart via
the pulmonary vein
blood on the left side
of the heart is
oxygenated and is
pumped into the body
by the left ventricle
through the aorta

GUARDING YOUR HEART


The heart is very important and is therefore
carefully protected
the ribs protect the heart from being crushed
or bumped, thus allowing the heart to beat
freely without external pressure
the heart is also protected within the thorax
by the pericardium, which is fluid filled to
prevent friction inside the chest cavity

HEART RATE
The heart is made up of specialized muscle (myogenic
muscle) which contracts without outside nervous stimulation
because the heart is made up of this special muscle, it needs
special controls
the heart is controlled by two nodes that are within the heart
itself
the first node is the sinoatrial node (SA node), and is
sometimes called the pace maker of the heart
the second node is the atrioventricular node and it serves as a
conductor, passing impulses to the rest of the heart

SOUNDS OF THE HEART


There are two sounds
associated with the heart, the
lubb and the dubb
the lubb sound is produced
when the ventricles contract
and the atrioventricular
valves close
the dubb is produced when
the semilunar valves close,
therefore preventing blood
from flowing back into the
ventricles

LISTEN TO YOUR HEART


Doctors use various methods
to check your heart
the stethoscope is commonly
used to hear your heart beat
the sphygmomanometer
measures your blood pressure
that your heart exerts with
each contraction of the
ventricles

TECHNO TOOLS
Doctors have many ways
of testing the health of
your heart
an electrocardiograph is
used to check the
regularity of your heart
beat and your heart rate
it can also be used to
watch heart attack victims,
and allow doctors a look
to help determine any
damage that was caused

HEART HEALTH
It is very important to exercise and eat
healthy to help maintain heart health.
There are times when heart health is not
maintained, and this is when medicine gets
involved.

Credits
Clip art from Microsoft Clipart
Pictures from Yahoo! Picture Gallery