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Weeks 5, 6, & 8

Development Policy &
Peace Medie
Monica Jacobo Suarez
Brandon Boylan

PIA 3395: Development Theory

Bingham Powell.The Golden Oldies Gabriel A. Comparative Politics: A Development Approach David Lerner The Passing of Traditional Society . Almond & G. Jr.

interest aggregation. and adjudication).Almond & Powell Functional Approach to Comparative Politics  The functional approach to comparative politics includes a separation of powers (legislation.” . and communication. administration.  Authors add three other functions to this approach: interest articulation. This new approach is called “conversion processes.

clear. and comprehensive and encompasses structure (observable actions) and culture (population traits). Environment Input Conversion Output → Political System → Feedback Environment . and limited.” and “nation” are too parochial.Almond & Powell Political Systems  “Government. static. “Political systems” is fluid.” “state.

Literacy 3.David Lerner Modernizing styles of life: A theory   Attempt to apply modern techniques of social science to the study of the Middle East. The challenge of modernization: Rationalist spirit Key concepts   Mobile personality and empathy (the ability to see oneself in the other individual’s situation). Media growth 1. Stages toward a modernizing participant society Urbanization 2. .

and empathy. Syria. Jordan and Iran. in what direction. Modern societies in the Middle East tend to be also more stable and dynamic. urbanization. Lebanon. Egypt. literacy. Validity of the results? . media participation.600 interviews • Overrepresentation of movie-goers. Methods: 1.David Lerner Modernizing styles of life: A Survey Turkey. • Statistical analysis • Who is changing. radio listeners and newspaper readers. at what rate?    The more modern individuals score higher in one or all of the next characteristics: opinion range.

David Lerner Retrospect and Prospect  Traditional society is passing from the Middle East because few want to live by its rules  The media is engaging empathy among Middle Easterners  Transitionals seek modernization but rigid societal structures hinder their mobility and cause some to become violent  Middle East is diverse and a collective Pan-Islam identity is not viable. the key is modernization .

David Lerner Retrospect and Prospect Contd.  Middle East is in need of a “great rational prophecy” that will show how Islam can be made compatible with secular doctrines  Spokesmen (transitionals) are needed to define the new identity but Western educated Middle Easterners are stifled by rivalries  Modernization aims to create a Middle Sector (Transitionals). Governments should also create conditions that reward new lifestyle .


Synthesis of Development Policy & Analysis .

basic concepts to have power.Themes  1) Government in Development: The government has a role to play in fostering development. Development theories need to have theoretical coherence and clear.  2) Policymaking:  3) Development Analysis:  4) Civil Society: Policy analysts need to consider contextual differences when assigning recommendations. Northern NGOs need to better understand the issues of their Southern counterparts .

Government in Development  Turner and Hulme • The existence of effective public sector organizations is a key facet to promote development in developing countries. . pushing society through the stages of modernization. and communication media bring about emphatic individuals. Urbanization. organizational improvement doesn’t guarantee development. literacy.  Ferguson • Lesotho is a case study to exemplify how the World Bank can misrepresents a developing country and how governments can misuse NGOs and other development projects for their own benefit. Although. which move out of traditional settings towards modernization.  Lerner • Government fosters development.

g. E.Government in Development  Martinussen • Government action is needed to create an environment that fosters economic development • Inequality within and between states is a source of conflict and development can be a peace-promoting process • Armament can become part of a state’s development strategy. India’s nuclear .

structures. outputs. and subsystems. To compare political systems.  Almond and Powell • A political system consists of interacting roles. Often. and feedback loops.  Isbister • Northern states should acknowledge that their levels of consumption are unsustainable and make development impossible.Policymaking  Turner and Hulme • Donors play a crucial role shaping policy-making in developing countries. one must understand inputs. the policies adopted have been dysfunctional because donors disregard contextual differences. They should pursue development policies in the South that are less predatory and selfinterested. . and of underlying psychological propensities which affect these interactions. conversion processes.

Because UDT constitute a particular form of political practice. chapter 2 • UDT are not useful for development analysis today due to their conceptual imprecision and lack of theoretical coherence. .Development Analysis  Leys. UDT result from a very specific historical period. they are not functional for current analysis.

rather than collaboration. do not fully engage or challenge governmental institutions.Civil Society  Clark • Northern NGOs need to develop new lobbying techniques to help their Southern counterparts. . and generating public support. • A blend of academia and NGO officials’ experiences should provide the basis for effective advocacy. • NGOs.  Dolan • British NGOs often enter into competition. fearing that they may lose their charitable status. • Good lobbying demands choosing the issue carefully. constructing the expert case.