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1

Performing
Human
Posture
Analysis

5

6

2

Preparing the
Working
Environment

4

Creating a
Manikin and
Workspace

Performing
Human
Activity
Analysis

3

Using the
Human
Measurements
Editor

Task
Simulation
Scenarios

Copyright DASSAULT
SYSTEMES 2002

Module 2

Creating a Manikin
and Workspace

2

Creating a Manikin and Workspace

Overview
Human Builder is based on a best-in-class human modeling system, which allows
detailed investigation into human-centered design issues within the context of a
workspace before it physically exists. The Human Builder product focuses on
creating and manipulating digital humans within a digital workspace for a ‘first-level’
human-product interaction analysis. It also allows the process engineer to create and
populate the simulation world with resources like workers, tools, etc.
There are several tools contained within the Human Builder product, such as:

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002

Manikin Generator
Kinematics Manipulator
Animation Generator
Vision Simulation
and many others

In this module, you will create several scenarios, each of which will teach you a
different aspect of manikin and workspace creation.

Objectives
You will learn to build a workspace and set manikin properties
You will learn to move the manikin and to interact with the workspace
You will learn to place constraints on manikins
You will learn how to create manikin catalogues
You will learn how to perform a clash analysis

5 hours

2

Copyright DASSAULT
SYSTEMES 2002

Workbenches and Toolbars Used in this Module

2

Creating a Manikin and Workspace
A

B

Creating the Workspace
Viewing Shading Options
Inserting Components
Translating or Rotating a Component
Inserting a Manikin
Inserting an Existing Manikin

E

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002

F
Creating
Catalogs

Interacting
with the
Workspace

Contact Constraints
Fix On Constraints

Loading Manikin Attributes from a Catalog
Creating a Simulation
Creating a Video
G
Creating a Catalog

Performing
Clash
Analysis

C
Manipulating
the Manikin

D
Setting
Manikin
Constraints

Using the Sub-Tree
Adding Descriptions
Hiding Objects
Working with Attributes
The Manikin Tree
Changing the Manikin Display
Editing the Vision Window

Setting
Manikin
Properties

Creating the
Workspace

Attaching Objects
Creating a Track
Viewing the Simulation
Redefining the Offset

Performing Clash Analysis
Exporting Clash Results Data
Measuring Between Objects

Forward Kinematics
Inverse Kinematics Modes
Standard Posture Functionality
Posture Editor

5 hours

4

A Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating the Workspace Creating the Workspace Viewing Shading Options Inserting Components Translating or Rotating a Component Inserting a Manikin Inserting an Existing Manikin .

insert resources and products. is an essential component of the Human Solutions simulation software.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Creating the Workspace Creating the workspace. and manipulate the environment so that you can perform necessary performance analyses. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation . or work area. you will create a scenario within which you create manikins and manipulate various workspace components. It is within the workspace that you will create manikins. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this section.

2 Creating the Workspace Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating the Workspace – Procedure 1 Launch V5 Product. The Workbench Icon indicates the current workbench . 3 Open the Product1. 2 Select Start / Ergonomics Design & Analysis / Human Builder.CATProduct located in the HB Process directory. You will see the project open to display the Human Builder workbench.

When you are finished. click the Isometric View icon. click the down arrow on the Isometric View icon. When you are finished. 6 Click each of the icons to see the resulting view. 4 On the View toolbar. 2 Click and hold the gray bar and drag the View Mode toolbar into the workspace. Creating the Workspace . click the down arrow on the Shading With Edges icon. click the Shading icon. 5 Click and hold the gray bar and drag the Quick View toolbar into the workspace.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Viewing Shading Options – Procedure 1 On the View toolbar. 3 Click each of the icons to see the resulting view.

. click the Multi-View icon again to return to the normal view. 8 When you are finished.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Viewing Shading Options – Procedure 7 On the View toolbar. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 You can edit any of the windows by clicking in them. click the Multi-View icon.

The object will appear in the 3D geometry window as well as in the PPR tree. 2 From the Resources directory. select Insert / Existing component and click Product1 in the PPR tree. . select the component you want to insert and press Open. You will see the File Selection dialog box.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Inserting Components – Procedure 1 From the Main menu.

3 When you are finished. right-click the compass and select Snap Automatically to Selected Object. click one of the black bounding lines and hold the mouse button. 2 To move the object in the 3D workspace. release the mouse button. The object will also be surrounded by a black bounding box. 4 You can also move the object using the compass. Click anywhere off the object to deselect the object. It will turn orange after it is selected.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Translating or Rotating a Component – Procedure 1 Click an object in the PPR tree to select or activate the object. you can move the object. To do so. While you are holding the mouse button. .

6 Click on an object in the PPR tree to select it.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Translating or Rotating a Component – Procedure 5 Right-click the compass again and select Edit… You will see the Parameters for Compass Manipulation dialog box. Creating the Workspace . The compass will snap to the origin of the object and the Coordinates section of the dialog box will be activated.

type the Angle in degrees along each of the appropriate axes and click Apply. 9 To place the object in an exact position.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Translating or Rotating a Component – Procedure 7 You can rotate the object by grabbing (with the mouse) any of the curved lines of the compass and dragging to the appropriate orientation. . 8 To rotate the object to an exact degree. type the Position coordinates along each of the appropriate axes and click Apply.

. Value can range from 0. Referential – Initial reference point of manikin (H-Point is the default) Set Referential To Compass Location – If activated. or the right or left forearm Gender – sex of the manikin Percentile – indicates the group population to which the manikin belongs. The value affects both the height and weight of the manikin. If NOT activated. you can assign the initial position of the manikin using the compass.01 to 99. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 The Manikin tab contains the following: Father Product – product that manikin is attached to in the PPR tree Population – select the nationality of the manikin Manikin name – user-defined identifier Model – choose whole body.9.2 Creating the Workspace Creating a Manikin and Workspace Inserting a Manikin – Procedure 1 You can insert a manikin into the workspace from the Main menu by selecting Insert / New Manikin. 2 The Optional tab contains the following: Set values as necessary and press OK. the manikin will be located at the WORLD origin (default). You will see the New Manikin dialog box.

3 From the Resources folder. 2 Select the existing product in the PPR tree. select the manikin file that you would like to insert and press Open. select Insert / Existing Component. . You will see the File Selection dialog box.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Inserting an Existing Manikin – Procedure 1 If you have an existing manikin that you would like to use. 4 Place the manikin into the appropriate position by setting the appropriate position values in the Parameters for Compass Manipulation dialog box.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Building a Workspace – Exercise 16 .

Exercise – Building a Workspace 30 min. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this exercise you will: Open an existing process Insert a chair into the workspace Move the chair to an exact location Insert a manikin Set manikin properties and place in an exact location Insert an existing manikin from a manikin file 17 . Scope: You will build a workspace and insert a manikin. Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 6. 2. Insert a new manikin into the environment. 3. Rotate the chair 180 degrees along the Z axis. Along Z (37in). Open the Product1.Do It Yourself 1. 4. 5. and insert into the following location using Position coordinates: Along X (-30in).CATProduct file. leave properties set at their defaults. . Move the chair using these Position coordinates: Along X (50in). Along Y (30in). Practice moving the chair around the environment. Insert the Swivel Chair.CATProduct file into the environment. Along Z (0in). Along Y (-5in).

B Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Setting Manikin Properties Using the Sub-Tree Adding Descriptions Hiding Objects Working with Attributes The Manikin Tree Changing the Manikin Display Editing the Vision Window .

you will need to make adjustments to the manikins so that they accurately reflect the population who will be working in the real-world workspace.2 Setting Manikin Properties Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Now that you have created a workspace and inserted a manikin into the environment. you will customize each manikin by adjusting these properties. Coloring. and contains three manikin attributes: Body – this node contains all of the various body parts Profiles – this node contains general attributes like Display. a new node is created in the PPR tree. and so forth Settings – this node contains posturing and positioning settings Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Each of these attributes can be set or changed by right-clicking the attribute in the PPR tree and selecting Properties from the menu. When you create a manikin. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation . In this section.

2 If your PPR tree becomes unwieldy due to a large amount of objects. If not. . You will see a PPR sub-tree that can be modified in the same manner as the PPR tree. 3 When you are finished. launch V5 Product.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Using the Sub-Tree – Procedure 1 Your project from Module 1 should still be loaded with three manikins. start the Human Builder workbench. and insert three manikins. close the sub-tree by clicking the Close button. you can simplify the view choosing instead to display selected tasks or activities by right-clicking on the object and selecting Open Sub-Tree.

2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Adding Descriptions – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. click the Adds a description to a manikin object button. 3 Type the description and press OK. 2 When prompted (in the status bar) to select a manikin part. . click the appropriate manikin. You will see the Description dialog box.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 You will see all objects that are hidden. right-click the object in the PPR tree and select Show / Hide. If you have hidden any objects. from the View toolbar. . Data that is hidden is placed in an area called Visible Space.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Hiding Objects – Procedure 1 To hide an object from display. click the Swap visible space button. right-click the object in the PPR tree and select Hide / Show. 2 To display hidden objects in Visible Space. click the button again. 3 To return to the normal 3D geometry viewing area.

You will see the Properties dialog box. Setting Manikin Properties . 2 When you are finished.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Working with Attributes – Procedure Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 1 Select the object who’s attributes you would like to adjust. and select Properties. You can change or add information about the object as necessary. press Apply and OK to make the changes take effect.

select the appropriate color and click Apply or OK.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 The Manikin Tree – Procedure 1 In the PPR tree. 2 Continue to expand the tree down to the manikin’s right thumb. notice that it highlights in the 3D view. 4 On the Appearance tab. . then right-click the appropriate part and select Properties. or of parts of the manikin. expand the tree to that particular part. When you click on the right thumb. 3 To change the color of the manikin. left-click on the node of the manikin whose attributes you would like to review to expand the tree.

2 Setting Manikin Properties Creating a Manikin and Workspace Changing the Manikin Display – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. You can render the manikin using the following methods: Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Segments 3 Ellipses Select the appropriate style of rendering and select Close. select a manikin from the PPR tree. Surfaces . 2 With the button active. select the Changes the display of a manikin button. You will see the Display dialog box.

5 To change Vision settings. Peripheral cone – the resulting cone shows the manikins peripheral field of vision. after applying the change click and drag the blue line to its new location. Central cone – the resulting cone corresponds to the focus location.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Changing the Manikin Display – Procedure 4 To set the resolution. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Line of sight – if you want to change this setting. move the slider to the appropriate value. select the appropriate option and press Close. . of the manikin. or clarity.

2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Properties Editing the Vision Window – Procedure 1 To view the simulation through the eyes of the manikin. click the Open Vision Window button. 2 To change the vision settings. .CATProduct. 3 Make adjustments as necessary and press Close. press the View modes… button and make the appropriate selection. press OK. 4 Save the project to the HB Process folder as Product1example. you need to display the Vision window. This is the workspace as seen by the manikin. right-click inside the Vision window and select Properties. To customize the View Mode. From the Manikin Tools toolbar. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 You will see the Vision window. You will see the Vision window display dialog box. When you are finished.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Setting Manikin Properties – Exercise 29 .

Scope: You will set manikin properties and adjust attributes. Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open.Exercise – Setting Manikin Properties 30 min. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this exercise you will: Add a description to a manikin Change manikin colors Use shading options to customize a manikin’s appearance Customize the viewing mode 30 .

Open the Product1. 3. . Change any of the manikins to an Ellipses display. Change manikin (male 3) name to Steve. Using the sub-tree for manikin (male 1). 2. add the following description: Manikin Male 1 will disassemble the engine.Do It Yourself 1. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 4.CATProduct file.

C Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Manipulating the Manikin Forward Kinematics Inverse Kinematics Modes Standard Posture Functionality Posture Editor .

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this module. you will work with forward and inverse kinematics (movements of the manikins) as well as adjusting manikin posture.2 Manipulating the Manikin Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin After you have created or inserted a manikin into the workspace. you will want to create movements so that you can analyze the setup or the working environment and the feasibility of the work the manikins must perform. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation .

left-click the right arm and hold. 4 Drag the arm back and forth to see the movement.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Forward Kinematics – Procedure 1 Open the Product2. The cursor will become a hand. release the mouse button. 5 Right-click again on the arm segment to display the context menu. 2 From the Manikin Posture toolbar. .CATProduct file located in the HB Process folder. 3 In the 3D workspace area. click the Forward Kinematics button. You will see the various kinds of Degrees of Freedom (DOF) movements allowed. When you are finished.

and selecting Initial. . pointing to Posture.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Forward Kinematics – Procedure 6 Right-click again on the arm segment to display the context menu. You will see the various kinds of Degrees of Freedom (DOF) movements allowed. 8 You can restore the manikin to its original posture by right-clicking on the manikin in the PPR tree. When you are finished. deactivate the Forward Kinematics button by clicking it again. 7 Select any of the DOF options and move the arm to see the results.

pull out and display the Inverse Kinematics Mode toolbar. . The yellow hand shows the position of the resulting move. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 There are two Kinematics Modes to choose: Inverse Kinematics Segment Frame Mode – this mode allows the compass to automatically snap to the end effector. The yellow hand shows the desired position that overlaps with the manikin’s hand when motion is within the range of motion.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Inverse Kinematics Modes – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Posture toolbar. Inverse Kinematics Worker Frame Mode – this mode behaves the same except the compass is oriented in the worker (or global) frame.

The compass will snap automatically to the selected segment. 1 on the neck. If you have enabled Look At mode (Tools / Options / Ergonomics Design / Human Builder / General). 1 at the H-Point. the yellow hand follows the compass. 3 Click one of the IK end effectors that you want to move. deactivate the operation by clicking the button again. 5 When you are finished. 6 Reset the compass by displaying the View menu and selecting Reset Compass. . There are 7 IK end effectors that can be selected: 1 on both hands. 1 on both feet. The axis line that you select to move the segment becomes orange to indicate the direction the segment and compass will move.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Inverse Kinematics Modes – Procedure 2 Click the Inverse Kinematics Worker Frame Mode button. and one at the end of the line of sight. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 If the manikin reach extends beyond the limit. the manikin will move it’s head to follow the position. or by choosing the XY arch. 4 Move the segment by dragging the compass on the XY plane.

Each of these tabs provide settings that affect posture. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Constraints allow you to freeze manikin hands or vision. Changing these values changes the manikin’s posture. NOTE: Each tab contains its own settings. Further information can be found in the online documentation.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Standard Posture Functionality – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Posture toolbar. . This option provides the best view of the working posture. You will see the Standard Pose dialog box. Click this button to restore original manikin posture. click the Standard Pose button (select a manikin from the PPR tree if prompted). 2 Make the appropriate settings in the Standard Pose dialog box and press Close.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Select the appropriate hand filter. You will see the Posture Editor dialog box. Select the segment you would like to edit. Select the predefined posture. Choose the kind of display you would like. Select the appropriate degree of freedom. 2 Make the appropriate settings and press Close. click the Posture Editor button then select the appropriate object from the PPR tree.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Manipulating the Manikin Posture Editor – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Posture toolbar. . Enter the appropriate values using either the slider or by typing the appropriate value.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Manipulating the Manikin – Exercise 40 .

Exercise – Manipulating the Manikin 30 min. Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open. Scope: You will move the manikin using Forward and Inverse Kinematics. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this exercise you will: Adjust manikin posture using Forward Kinematics Adjust manikin posture using Inverse Kinematics Adjust manikin posture using the Standard Pose functionality Learn to use the Posture Editor to adjust manikin posture 41 .

Select manikin (female 1) in the PPR tree. From the Manikin Posture toolbar. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 7. use the Inverse Kinematics Frame Mode to place both female hands according to the picture. set the manikin back to its initial posture. change her posture to sitting using the following translation values: 18.953in (horizontal). Using the Standard Pose dialog box. Click the Standard Pose button and select the female manikin from the PPR tree. From the Hand Grasp tab. 8. . Select the right hand of a manikin in the PPR tree and using inverse kinematics worker frame mode. Using the same female manikin. When you are finished.059in (vertical) and 13. 4. Open the Product2. Select a segment of the manikin and use forward kinematics with a medial rotation / lateral rotation movement to move the selected segment. 5. 9.CATProduct file. Hide the workbench and engine and center manikin (male 1) in the 3D window. give her a Stoop posture of 25 degrees. 6. move the arm on the XY plane.Do It Yourself 1. give her a Cylindrical Grasp of 10 degrees. This movement is dependant on the segment you select. 2. 3.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 13. . adjust the head so that it is in a natural position using the Slide Bar to set the value. If the manikin’s shoulder is in the air.Do It Yourself (2/3) 10. Select the female manikin head from the PPR tree and using the Posture Editor. 11. After you have placed the hands in the correct location. change the display of the cabinet to Wireframe so that you can see the manikin’s hands. From the View Mode toolbar. change the view to Shading. adjust it using the Adjust Elbow tab. 12.

D Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Interacting with the Workspace Attaching Objects Creating a Track Viewing the Simulation Redefining the Offset .

you will learn other methods of interacting with the workspace environment. the segment does NOT follow. if the object is moved. However. changing the hand end effector from the palm of the hand to the tip of a screwdriver so that the next time the Reach fonction is used. For example. If the segment is moved. and now you will learn how to: Attach objects – this is a method for creating a one-way relationship between a manikin segment and an object. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Redefine offsets – this is a method for redefining the behavior of Reach Mode. It allows you to transfer the end effector of a segment to another point. it is the tip of the tool that will reach the target and not the palm of the hand. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation . you have moved the manikin around the workspace. To this point you have created a workspace and manikin. the object will follow.2 Interacting with the Workspace Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace In this module. Create tracks for simulations – this is a method for establishing a path for moving objects.

The object is now attached to the manikin. 3 Select the object from the PPR tree that you would like to attach to a manikin. This is a permanent attachment.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Attaching Objects – Procedure 1 Open the HBProduct3. You will see the Attach/Detach dialog box. press OK. Interacting with the Workspace .CATProduct file located in the HB Process folder. 2 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. 5 When you are ready. click the Attach/Detach button. 4 Select the manikin and the segment to which you would like to attach the object.

The Player toolbar – this item allows you to play back recorded movement. • • • • Name: type the name of the track Object: select the object from the PPR tree Interpolater: sets the orientation of the compass Mode: allows you to set either time or speed .CATProduct file located in the HB Process folder. click the Track button. 2 From the Manikin Simulation toolbar. The Track dialog box – this item allows you to record movement. You will see the following items: Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 The Recorder toolbar – this item allows you to record movement.2 Interacting with the Workspace Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating a Track – Procedure 1 Open the Product3.

4 After you have set the appropriate options. click OK in the Track dialog box. . You will see a line denoting the recorded track.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Track – Procedure 3 Select the appropriate options in the Track dialog box – but do NOT click OK. When you are finished. click the compass in the 3D window and drag the object to its new location. 5 Click the Record (Insert) button on the Recorder toolbar. 6 Continue to move the compass and record moves as necessary.

You will see the Player toolbar. To run the track (or to play the simulation).2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Viewing the Simulation – Procedure 1 When you create a track. then press the Play Forward (Right) button to play the simulation. 3 Click the Skip to Begin button. select the track in the specification tree by clicking on it. 2 On the Manikin Simulation toolbar. it will appear in the specification tree under Applications. . click the Play a Simulation button.

2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace Redefining the Offset – Procedure Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 The offset command is used to redefine the behavior of the Reach Mode. click the Attach/Detach button. 3 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. allows you to transfer that “end point” to a different point in 3D space. expand the nodes of the selected manikin to the appropriate level. click OK. select Properties / Show. 1 Right-click the appropriate manikin. When you have done so. . The offset command. therefore. You will be asked to select the object to which you would like to attach the manikin. 2 From the specification tree. select the appropriate object and then select the appropriate manikin segment to which to attach the object. 4 From the PPR tree. Reach Mode default behavior is to make the end point of the selected segment reach the compass location.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 NOTE: You can create as many offsets for the same segment as necessary. . click the Inserts a New Offset button. 6 Select the segment of the manikin to which you would like to create an offset.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace Redefining the Offset – Procedure 5 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. You will see the Offset Definition dialog box.

8 In the Offset dialog box. 9 Grab the compass and place it in the correct location within the 3D window. click the Reach (position & orientation) button then select the manikin segment from the Product tree. 10 From the Manikin Posture toolbar. make necessary adjustments. This would be the location to which you want the end effector to move the attached object. click Apply then Close. The selected manikin segment should snap to the appropriate location with the selected object touching the location you established in the previous step. . 11 Using the compass.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Interacting with the Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Redefining the Offset – Procedure 7 Grab the compass and place it on the object in the 3D window.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Interacting with the Workspace – Exercise 53 .

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this exercise you will: Attach an object to a manikin Create a track and view the simulation Redefine the offset of an object 54 . Scope: You will interactions with the workspace. Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open.Exercise – Interacting with the Workspace 30 min.

2. 5. Make any necessary adjustments. 8. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 6.Do It Yourself 1. Object – right hand. 4. Attach the male 1a manikin’s left hand to the square screwdriver. 7. Create two other offsets: The tip of the wrench for adjusting a nut.CATProduct file.1 Right Hand. 3. Interpolator – Linear. Attach the top green drawer to the female manikin’s right hand. and the side of the wrench handle for placing the wrench back on the table.1 Right Hand simulation. Create a track using the female manikin’s right hand pulling the drawer out of the cart using the following settings: Name – Track. Make sure to record the movement. . Place the tip end of the screwdriver on top of the screw on the engine. Open the Product3. Playback the Track. Speed – 5m_s.

E Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Setting Manikin Constraints Contact Constraints Fix On Constraints .

Constraints are specific to the manikins in which you have created them. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation . in the 3D environment.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Constraints Setting Manikin Constraints Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this scenario. In other words. or geometries. and are located in the Product tree. they specify how manikins can behave. you will learn about the concept of manikin constraints. Constraints are restrictions placed between manikin segments and the objects.

By default. After you have placed constraints on manikins or objects. updated mode is set to manual. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Fix Constraints – these are constraints that fix the selected manikin segment in either orientation or position (or both) at its current position according to the scenario. or a plane. Fix on Constraints – these are constraints that fix the selected manikin segment in either orientation or position (or both) at its current position according to the selected object. however. you must click the Update button on the Manikin Constraints toolbar to update any changes you have made to the object to which the manikin is constrained. Coincidence Constraints – these are constraints created between a manikin segment and a line or plane. a line.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Constraints Setting Manikin Constraints (continued) The Manikin Constraints toolbar contains the following four different kinds of constraints: Contact Constraints – these are constraints created between a manikin segment and a point. you can change to automatic updating by setting the following option: Tools / Options / Ergonomics Design & Analysis / Human Builder / General / Constraint Resolution (manual or automatic) .

reports. you are updating not only all constraints. The selected manikin segment should move into position over the selected object. but also the display. Then. Now that the manikin is constrained to the object. the manikin segment will follow. 2 From the Manikin Constraints toolbar. right-click the manikin in the Product tree and select Show. click the surface of the object itself. and so forth. 4 From the Update toolbar. click the Updates All Constraints and Manikin Representations button.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Constraints Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Contact Constraints – Procedure 1 Display the Manikin (Male. 3 Click the manikin segment to which you would like to constrain an object. If the manikin is not displayed. The constraint should appear in the Product tree listed under the selected manikin. NOTE: When you click the Update button.1). when the object is moved. click the Contact Constraints button. .

right-click and point to Constraint#. You will see a Star appear to indicate the constraint.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Setting Manikin Constraints Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Fix on Constraint – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Constraints toolbar. click the Updates All Constraints and Manikin Representations button to update the new constraints. . locate the new constraint in the PPR tree. Resetting the target constraint allows you to change the relative position and orientation between the object and the segment. 4 From the Update toolbar. click the Fix On Constraint button. 3 Select the manikin from the Product tree and move the manikin to a new location. and select Reset Target. The constrained manikin segment will move. 5 To use a new constraint as the target constraint. 2 Select the appropriate manikin segment and then select the object to which you would like to constrain the selected segment.object.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Setting Manikin Constraints – Exercise 61 .

Scope: You will set manikin constraints between manikins and objects. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 In this exercise you will: Set a Contact Constraint Set a Fix On Constraint 62 . Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open.Exercise – Setting Manikin Constraints 30 min.

5.1 manikin’s hand and the wrench. 2. Open the Product3. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 4. Create a Contact Constraint between male. 3. . Create a Fix On Constraint between the female manikin’s left hand and the top of the cabinet. move the manikin and make sure her hand is constrained to the top of the cabinet.Do It Yourself 1. move the wrench to ensure the constraint is in place.CATProduct file. After creating the constraint. After creating the constraint.

. After you have created the constraint. move the left hand so that it is laying alongside the left of the cabinet. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 7.Do It Yourself 6. Edit the constraint in the Product tree to reset the target so that the new location of the left hand becomes the constraint. using IK mode.

F Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating Catalogs Loading Manikin Attributes from a Catalog Creating a Simulation Creating a Video Creating a Catalog .

More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation .2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating Catalogs Creating Catalogs In this scenario. each manikin should have a single instance. you can save attributes such as: Posture and Position Anthropometry Vision Display and Appearance Reference Angular Limitations (both locked joints and free joints) Preferred Angles Offsets Reports Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 It is important to note that you should NOT save manikins themselves as catalogs. you will learn about creating manikin catalogs. When creating catalogs. Therefore. Catalogs are items that have been created and saved for reuse as necessary. This creates potential referencing problems.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 NOTE: You can select specific attributes to Save to a catalog as well as when applying attributes. The new attribute data will be applied to the selected manikin in the 3D window. select the appropriate catalog file and press Open. click the Load Manikin’s Attributes from a Catalog button. then select the manikin to which you want to apply the catalog data from the PPR Tree. 4 Locate the appropriate attribute data. You will see the Load a Description dialog box. 2 Click the Browse Another Catalog button. 5 Click the appropriate attribute data from the right side of the dialog box then click Apply. . You will see the File Selection dialog box.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating Catalogs Loading Manikin Attributes from a Catalog – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Tools toolbar. 3 From the Catalog folder.

press OK. then save the new position again by pressing the Insert button. 4 Using the kinematics arrows in the 3D window. You will see the Select dialog box. Repeat as necessary. you can double-click the simulation in the Product tree. Simulations that you create will appear in the Product tree within the Application node: 5 Run the simulation using the VCR-like buttons in the Edit Simulation dialog box. 2 Select the appropriate manikin and press OK.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating Catalogs Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Simulation – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Simulation toolbar. move the manikin as necessary. If you want to run the Simulation again. 3 Save the initial position of the manikin by pressing the Insert button. . You will see the Edit Simulation dialog box. click the Simulation button. 6 When you are finished.

and press Save. The video is saved in the specified Catalog folder.2 Creating Catalogs Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating a Video – Procedure 1 To save your simulations as videos. Set parameters as necessary and 5 press OK in the Video Generation dialog box. . click the Parameters button. You will see the Player Parameters dialog box. click the Generate Video button. 2 Click the simulation in the Product tree for which you would like to create a video. You will see the Video Generation dialog box. from the Manikin Simulation toolbar. type the new name of the file. On the Player toolbar. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 3 4 Press the File name… button.

CATPart document. Part Family – this item is a set of components referring to a . both of which reference entities using keywords such as DIAMETER and LENGTH.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating Catalogs Creating a Catalog – Procedure A catalog is a structure composed of the following items: Chapter – this item is a method for categorizing the sub-items contained within. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Keyword – this item is an attribute describing chapter and family content. It consists of a chapter called ALL_FASTENERS. families consisting of SCREWS and NUTS. The following is an example of a generic family of bolts. . Component – this item is a reference to an external document or entity and is described by keywords. Part Families are assigned different sets of parameter values that are managed by a design table. Keywords are user-defined. Family – this item is a set of components.

2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Catalog – Procedure 1 From the main menu. select File / New. You will see the New dialog box. 2 Select CatalogDocument and press OK. You will see the catalog window. Creating Catalogs .

4 In the Name: field. For practice. . it will be highlighted in blue. double-click the Tools family to activate it.CATProduct file and press Open. click the Add Component button. 7 To add an item.2 Creating Catalogs Creating a Manikin and Workspace Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Catalog – Procedure 3 From the Chapter toolbar. select the Screwdriver. type the name of the new family and press OK. click the Select Document button and select the appropriate item from the Resources folder. When activated. For this example. click the Add Family button. You will see the Component Family Definition dialog box. You will see the Description Definition dialog box. create a family called Tools. You can create as many families as necessary. This will allow you to add tools into the new Tools family. 5 In the Product tree. 6 From the Data toolbar.

click the close button (x). click File / Save As and save the new catalog to the Catalog folder. . 11 To close the catalog window. the screwdriver). 9 In the catalog window. click the Preview tab. 10 When you are finished adding parts.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Creating Catalogs Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Catalog – Procedure 8 In the Description Definition dialog box. You should see a picture of the new part (in this case. click the Keywords tab and make sure the new part is displayed.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Creating a Catalog – Exercise 74 .

Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open. In this exercise you will: Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Load manikin attributes from an existing catalog Create a simulation Create a video Create a new catalog 75 . Scope: You will create two catalogs and insert parts into them.Exercise – Creating a Catalog 30 min.

and add a workbench to the Equipment family. After you have created the simulation. Add a screwdriver to the Tools family. 7. 2. Create a simulation inserting at least five movements of the manikin attached to the engine. Load the Male Manikin with Engine catalog. . 5. 6. create a video and view it. Apply the Lift Engine posture to Manikin (Male2). Attach the engine to the same manikin’s left hand. 8. When you are finished. 3. 4.CATProduct file. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 9.Do It Yourself 1. Open the Product4. save the catalog. Create a new catalog containing two families: Tools and Equipment.

G Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Performing Clash Analysis Performing Clash Analysis Exporting Clash Results Data Measuring Between Objects .

can be used when manipulating the manikin outside of the simulation.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Performing Clash Analysis Performing Clash Analysis In this scenario. analysis. or collision queues. you will learn how to perform clash. Clash analysis is performed when a manikin segment or an object attached to the manikin collides with another part within its trajectory. You can activate or deactivate all clash detection through the user interface. When you create manikins and a working environment. or collision. Performing a clash analysis allows you to determine whether clashes exist in your simulation. More about Human Builder can be found in the online documentation . Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Interference objects. you must ensure that all elements work cooperatively together.

You can set the clearance zone value. select from among the following choices: Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Contact + Clash – this item checks whether two items occupy the same space and whether they are in contact. . click the Clash button.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Performing Clash Analysis Performing Clash Analysis – Procedure 1 From the Manikin Simulation toolbar. This is the default setting. Between Two Selections – this item checks for collisions per specifications set in the Type pull-down menu occurring between two selected products or resources. type a name for this analysis. Clearance + Contact + Clash – this item checks the same as Contact + Clash. and also checks whether two items occupy the same clearance zone. Inside One Selection – this item checks for collisions per specifications set in the Type pull-down menu for a selected product or resource. 2 In the Name: field. You will see the Check Clash dialog box. 3 In the Type: field. Between All Components – this item checks for collisions per specifications set in the Type pull-down menu. Selection Against All – this item checks for collisions per specifications set in the Type pull-down menu that are caused by a selected product or resource. Authorized Penetration – this item checks whether an item penetrates another object beyond a userspecified amount.

they will be listed in the Check Clash dialog box. You can select more than one item. 6 Click inside the Selection 2: field and make your selection from the Product tree. by clicking the Results Window button.2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace Performing Clash Analysis Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Performing Clash Analysis – Procedure 4 Make the appropriate selections. You will see the Check Clash dialog box. Clash analysis data is stored in the Product tree within the Application node: You can review clash results. If there are clashes. . You can select more than one item. 5 Click inside the Selection 1: field and make your selection from the Product tree.

. 2 When you are finished. You will see the Clash Publish – Warning message box. close the Check Clash dialog box by pressing OK. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 2 Click OK. 3 Use Windows Explorer to locate the Clash file (saved in .xml format). You will see the Save As dialog box.2 Performing Clash Analysis Creating a Manikin and Workspace Exporting Clash Results Data – Procedure 1 Click the Export As button in the Check Clash dialog box. Save the file in the Catalog folder.

Performing
Clash
Analysis

Creating a Manikin and Workspace

2

Example Clash Reports – Procedure
Clash Computation Specification
Selection Mode

Computation Mode

Between Two
Selections

Clash + Contact

Products Selected
Selection 1

Selection 2

Manikin (Male2)

Workbench (Workbench.1)

Engine 3.5 Hp (Engine 3.5 Hp.1)

No Products

Product(s) selected: 3 (clash: 3, contact: 0, clearance: 0)

Copyright DASSAULT
SYSTEMES 2002

Interference

Product 1

Product 2

Type

Value

Manikin (Male2)

Cabinet and Table
(Cabinet and
Table.1)

Clash

-2.864821 in

Main (Main.1)

Cabinet and Table
(Cabinet and
Table.1)

Clash

Not defined

cover assembly
(cover assembly.1)

Cabinet and Table
(Cabinet and
Table.1)

Clash

Not defined

Status

Irrelevant

Not inspected

Not inspected

Clash Comment

2

Creating a Manikin and Workspace

Performing
Clash
Analysis

Copyright DASSAULT
SYSTEMES 2002

Measuring Between Objects – Procedure
1

From the Manikin Workspace Analysis toolbar, click the Measure Between button. You
will see the Measure Between dialog box.

2

Leave the Selections modes set at Picking point, and with the cursor, click each of the
points between which you would like to measure.
The measurement results are displayed in the Minimum distance: field.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002

Performing Clash Analysis – Exercise

84

Exercise – Performing Clash Analysis
30 min.

Scope: You will perform clash analysis.
Conditions: V5 and Human Builder workbench must be open.

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002

In this exercise you will:
Load manikin attributes from a catalog and perform a clash analysis
Export and view clash results

85

Display the results of the clash analysis (make sure to click Apply to update the results). Set up a clash analysis between Engine and Manikin (Male2). Export the results to the Catalog folder and view. In Select object for Attaches and Constraints. 3. Open the Product4. 7.Do It Yourself 1. 2.CATProduct file. 6. Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 4. Run the clash analysis. select Attach and press OK. 5. . and the Workbench. Load the Engine in Workbench catalog file and apply the posture to Manikin (Male1).

Copyright DASSAULT SYSTEMES 2002 Coming Up You will learn how to use the Human Measurements Editor workbench. 87 .2 Creating a Manikin and Workspace – Summary Module Summary In this module you learned how to create a workspace and populate it with manikins. which allows you to perform human factor analysis on a wide variety of manikins. You have also learned how to adjust manikin properties so that they better represent a workers needs.