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by Wang Yuechun

Measurement of
arterial blood pressure
Aim:
To understand the principle of indirect measurement
of blood pressure (To measure arterial blood
pressure in human body with the auscultatory
method.)
To measure the systolic and diastolic pressures of
brachial artery.
Subject: human
Equipments:
stethoscope
sphygmomanometer (blood pressure gauge)

A few definitions  Blood Pressure.the pressure in the large arteries when the heart is contracted  Diastolic Blood pressure.the pressure in the large arteries when the heart is relaxed .measurement of the force exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries  Systolic blood pressure.

PERSISTENT elevation of either diastolic or systolic blood pressure  Essential (primary) hypertension.high blood pressure with a known cause .high blood pressure with no identifiable cause  Secondary hypertension.More definitions  Hypertension.

Luxembourg. 9 11 April 2008 Measurement devices Aneroid sphygmomanometer Simple mercury sphygmomanometer Automated bp device .HES Workshop.

An aneroid Sphygmoma -nometer .

by Wang Yuechun Procedure and observation 1.The structure of a sphygmomanometer. .

.Pressure/mmH g The sphygmomanometer detects arterial opening and closing that occurs between systolic and diastolic pressures.

by Wang Yuechun Method (indirect) .

while a pressure cuff is inflated around the upper arm and connected to a manometer .by Wang Yuechun The method of measuring arterial blood pressure 1) A stethoscope is placed over the brachial artery in the elbow.

. Korotkoff sounds are created and blood pressure can be measured.c u ff o c c lu d e d b lo o d v e s s e l The pressure of the cuff occludes the blood vessel. When the arterial pressure is greater than the pressure applied by the cuff.

sounds can be heard as blood slipping through the very narrow artery. and this pressure level indicated by the mamometer approximately equals to the systolic pressure. .by Wang Yuechun 2) Just as soon as the pressure in the cuff falls below systolic pressure level.

and this pressure level indicated by the manometer equals to the diastolic pressure .by Wang Yuechun 3) When the pressure in the cuff falls to equal to diastolic pressure. the sounds suddenly change to a muffled quality.

by Wang Yuechun Results The blood pressure of students in group X (mmHg) Name Sex age systolic blood pressure diastolic blood pressure .

by Wang Yuechun Discussion questions .

Steps for Measuring Blood Pressure        Seated for 5 minutes Expose Upper arm Center of upper arm at heart level Cuff applied 1 inch above crease at elbow Locate brachial artery Palpate radial pulse Inflate cuff until pulse disappears .

Steps for measuring cont.  Let air out  Place stethoscope on brachial artery  Pump up cuff to 20-30 above point of obliteration  Let air out at 2 mmHg per second millimetre ( s ) of mercury .