37 views

Uploaded by MustafaAsim

- Vector Arithmetic and Geometry
- 333202_0604.qxd
- Teuvo Kohonen - Self-Organizing Maps
- Force
- MathCAD02
- Work Energy Ans
- APSC_111_Manual_2010
- Vectors
- Vector_mechanics [Compatibility Mode]
- Ch06_SSM
- Section13.3
- MIT8_01SC_slides12
- Work and Conservation of Energy
- Grade 8 BUDGET OF WORK IN Science
- Mathematics Notes and Formula for Class 12 Chapter 10. Vector Algebra
- The Dot and Cross Product
- Ch06 Giancoli7e Manual
- Calculus2_12_03
- dot product
- jdws

You are on page 1of 62

of energy and its conservation.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-2

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-3

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-3

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-5

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-6

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-7

Chapter 11 Preview

Slide 11-8

and the systems energy increases.

W < 0: The system does work on the environment

and the systems energy decreases.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-21

The energy of a system is a sum of its kinetic energy

K, its potential energy U, and its thermal energy Eth.

The change in system energy is:

doing work W on the system. This process changes

the energy of the system: Esys = W.

2. Energy can be transformed within the system among

K, U, and Eth. These processes dont change the

energy of the system: Esys = 0.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-22

The word work has a

very specific meaning in

physics.

Work is energy transferred

to or from a body or system

by the application of force.

This pitcher is increasing

the balls kinetic energy by

doing work on it.

Slide 11-25

Consider a force acting on

a particle which moves

along the s-axis.

The force component Fs

causes the particle to

speed up or slow down,

transferring energy to or

from the particle.

The force does work on the particle:

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-26

The net force is the vector sum of all the forces

acting on a particle

.

The networkis the sum Wnet = Wi, where Wi is the

work done by each force .

The net work done on a particle causes the particles

kinetic energy to change.

Slide 11-27

The impulse-momentum

theorem is:

theorem is:

the area under a force graph,

but its very important to know

what the horizontal axis is!

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-28

A force acts with a constant

strength and in a constant

direction as a particle moves

along a straight line through a

displacement .

The work done by this force is:

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

makes relative to

.

Slide 11-31

Slide 11-32

Slide 11-33

Constant Force

Slide 11-36

Constant Force

Slide 11-37

Constant Force

Slide 11-38

Slide 11-43

Slide 11-44

Slide 11-45

Slide 11-46

QuickCheck 11.6

Which force below does the most work? All three

displacements are the same.

A.

B.

C.

D.

The 10 N force.

The 8 N force

The 6 N force.

They all do the same work.

sin60 = 0.87

cos60 = 0.50

Slide 11-47

QuickCheck 11.6

Which force below does the most work? All three

displacements are the same.

A. The 10 N force.

B. The 8 N force

C.The6 Nforce.

D. They all do the same work.

sin60 = 0.87

cos60 = 0.50

Slide 11-48

QuickCheck 11.7

A light plastic cart and a heavy

steel cart are both pushed with

the same force for a distance

of 1.0 m, starting from rest.

After the force is removed, the

kinetic energy of the light

plastic cart is ________ that of

the heavy steel cart.

A.

B.

C.

D.

greater than

equal to

less than

Cant say. It depends on how big the force is.

Slide 11-49

QuickCheck 11.7

A light plastic cart and a heavy

steel cart are both pushed with

the same force for a distance

of 1.0 m, starting from rest.

After the force is removed, the

kinetic energy of the light

plastic cart is ________ that of

the heavy steel cart.

A.

B.

C.

D.

greater than

Same force, same distance same work done

equalto

Same work change of kinetic energy

less than

Cant say. It depends on how big the force is.

Slide 11-50

The figure shows a particle

moving in uniform circular

motion.

At every point in the motion,

Fs, the component of the

force parallel to the

instantaneous displacement,

is zero.

The particles speed, and hence its kinetic energy,

doesnt change, so W = K = 0.

Aforceeverywhereperpendiculartothemotion

doesnowork.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-51

QuickCheck 11.8

A car on a level road turns a

quarter circle ccw. You learned

in Chapter 8 that static friction

causes the centripetal

acceleration. The work done

by static friction is _____.

A.

positive

B.

negative

C.

zero

Slide 11-52

QuickCheck 11.8

A car on a level road turns a

quarter circle ccw. You learned

in Chapter 8 that static friction

causes the centripetal

acceleration. The work done

by static friction is _____.

A.

positive

B.

negative

C.zero

Slide 11-53

The figure shows two

vectors, and , with angle

between them.

The dot product of

is defined as:

and

because the value is a scalar.

Slide 11-54

The dot product

Slide 11-55

Slide 11-56

If

and

of the components:

Slide 11-57

Using Components

Slide 11-58

A force acts with a

constant strength and

in a constant direction

as a particle moves along

a straight line through a

displacement

.

The work done by this

force is:

Slide 11-59

Dot Product

Slide 11-60

Dot Product

Slide 11-61

To calculate the work done on an object by a force

that either changes in magnitude or direction as the

object moves, we use the following:

by finding the area under the curve, or by actually

doing the integration.

Slide 11-62

of a Car

Slide 11-63

of a Car

Slide 11-64

of a Car

Slide 11-65

of a Car

Slide 11-66

Conservative Forces

The figure shows a particle

that can move from A to B

along either path 1 or path

2 while a force is exerted

on it.

If there is a potential energy

associated with the force,

this is a conservativeforce.

The work done by as the

particle moves from A to B

is independent of the path

followed.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-67

Nonconservative Forces

The figure is a birds-eye view

of two particles sliding across

a surface.

The friction does negative

work: Wfric = kmgs.

The work done by friction

depends on s, the distance

traveled.

This is not independent of

the path followed.

A force for which the work is not independent of the

path is called a nonconservativeforce.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-68

Mechanical Energy

Consider a system of objects interacting via both

conservative forces and nonconservative forces.

The change in mechanical energy of the system is

equal to the work done by the nonconservative forces:

always conserved.

As the space shuttle lands,

mechanical energy is being

transformed into thermal

energy.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-69

Slide 11-70

Slide 11-71

Slide 11-72

The figure shows an object moving

through a small displacement

s while being acted on by a

conservative force .

The work done over this

displacement is:

energy changes by U = W = Fss over this

displacement, so that:

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-73

In the limit s 0, we

find that the force at

position s is:

derivative of the potential energy with respect to

position.

Slide 11-74

Figure (a) shows the

potential-energy diagram

for an object at height y.

The force on the object

is (FG)y = mg.

Figure (b) shows the

corresponding F-versus-y

graph.

At each point, the value

of F is equal to the

negative of the slope

of the U-versus-y graph.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-75

Figure (a) is a more general

potential energy diagram.

Figure (b) is the

corresponding F-versus-x

graph.

Where the slope of U

is negative, the force is

positive.

Where the slope of U is

positive, the force is negative.

At the equilibrium points,

the force is zero.

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-76

Power

The rate at which energy is transferred or transformed

is called the power P.

watt, which is defined as:

power output.

1 watt = 1 W = 1 J/s

The English unit of power

is the horsepower, hp.

1 hp = 746 W

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 11-98

Slide 11-99

Slide 11-100

Examples of Power

Slide 11-101

Power

When energy is transferred by a force doing work,

power is the rate of doing work: P = dW/dt.

If the particle moves at velocity while acted on by

force , the power delivered to the particle is:

Slide 11-102

QuickCheck 11.11

Four students run up the stairs in the time shown.

Which student has the largest power output?

Slide 11-103

QuickCheck 11.11

Four students run up the stairs in the time shown.

Which student has the largest power output?

Slide 11-104

Slide 11-105

Slide 11-106

- Vector Arithmetic and GeometryUploaded byrodwellhead
- 333202_0604.qxdUploaded byjessiejamel
- Teuvo Kohonen - Self-Organizing MapsUploaded byAdri Dos Anjos
- ForceUploaded byShinji
- MathCAD02Uploaded byRR886
- Work Energy AnsUploaded byFaizan Sana
- APSC_111_Manual_2010Uploaded byMarcoCiallella
- VectorsUploaded byelielzamora
- Vector_mechanics [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded byBalvinder
- Ch06_SSMUploaded byJuanca Abad
- Section13.3Uploaded byBirsenŞanlıAkın
- MIT8_01SC_slides12Uploaded byfica_III_info
- Work and Conservation of EnergyUploaded byNirmaan Shanker
- Grade 8 BUDGET OF WORK IN ScienceUploaded byRaniel Alemania Lacuarin
- Mathematics Notes and Formula for Class 12 Chapter 10. Vector AlgebraUploaded bybhag
- The Dot and Cross ProductUploaded byallovid
- Ch06 Giancoli7e ManualUploaded byRM
- Calculus2_12_03Uploaded byfara7788
- dot productUploaded byapi-400536920
- jdwsUploaded byFatih Ozer
- Lec8p3Uploaded byGamil Tawaf
- Topic 11 VectorsUploaded byrazvanfilips
- Lecture 8- 1pageUploaded byAla'a Abu Haibeh
- Lecture 1Uploaded byMichael Dias
- MatTutor_31Uploaded byArtist Recording
- 2.Vectors NotesUploaded byggmmnmcncnnm
- 3D Radial Grav Grad Inversion - Oliveira Barbosa 2013Uploaded byDilan Peña
- 1 Vector AlgebraUploaded byJunaid Zaka
- proj2 (2)asdfUploaded byGrantWishes
- Homework 1st SecUploaded byAhmed Hassan

- Sketching CurvesUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Lab6a 2-Out-Of-5 to BCD Code Converter and Display CircuitUploaded byMustafaAsim
- C3CheatSheetkmUploaded byAmeenIbrahim
- Computer Studies NotesUploaded bysyed_talha_3
- Equations and InequalitiesUploaded byMustafaAsim
- c2 Important Points Revision CardsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- c1 Revision CardsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Coordinate Geometry CardsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Core 1 Revision CardsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Sequence and Series RevisionUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Quadratic FuntionsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Algebra and FuntionsUploaded byMustafaAsim
- Edexcel C1 ChecklistUploaded byParco300
- Solving Problems on ProjectilesUploaded byAdnan Chowdhury
- Experiments Hooke's Law and Young ModulusUploaded byAhmad Taufiq Mohd Zaid

- MP EM Ass 6: Electric PotentialUploaded byBlueAstro
- English Version for Usaha Dan EnergiUploaded byKhusnul Khotimah
- Usaha Dan EnergiUploaded byDarma Zu
- BEST COACHING INSTITUTE FOR IIT-JEE BOOKLET (WORK, ENERGY AND POWER)Uploaded byApex Institute
- wpeUploaded byashfaaq ahamed
- PHYSICS21 Energy2Uploaded byapi-3805293
- Work Power EnergyUploaded byAditya Bansal
- laws-of-motion.pdfUploaded bySourav Mishra
- Work and Energy 2Uploaded byraj78678
- FG Exercicios Resolvidos v1Uploaded byjpaulocrego
- Classical Mechanics by Dr. M. O. Aku.pdfUploaded byLOUI_GR
- complete 11 physics solved paper_1.pdfUploaded byRaghuSrinivasan
- WorkUploaded byprashin
- Work, Kinetic Energy and Potential EnergyUploaded byMaey Akim
- Chapter 08.pdfUploaded byAnonymous ToMQsj
- Usaha Energi DayaUploaded byAli Syaiful
- work_packet_solutions.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Tauseef
- Chapter04 Work Energy and Power sUploaded byeltytan
- Class 6 Icse DppUploaded byNilesh Gupta
- Lecture 2 - lectures to Tutorial Lesson 1 and solution. mechanical engineering principle-tutorial. covering basic questions on distance, velocity, time, pendulum, etcUploaded byshanecarl
- IIT Physics lab manual (combined)Uploaded byVictoria Aschebrook-Kealiher
- Work and Conservation of EnergyUploaded byNirmaan Shanker
- workUploaded byShweta Sridhar
- 1617 Level M Applied Math GridUploaded byMikhael
- IJSO-Plus[1]Uploaded byjassyj33
- Ch 14 Kinetics of Particles Work and EnergyUploaded byKhaled Obeidat
- ME101 Lecture29 KDUploaded bySiddhartha
- 10 Lecture OutlineUploaded byKevin Apodaca
- Ch_11.pptUploaded byMustafaAsim
- 11 Physics Notes 04 Work Energy PowerUploaded byYasir GH