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# FIBONACCI

His life
His sequence

4

WHO IS FIBONACCI?

WHO IS FIBONACCI?
Leonardo Pisano was called Fibonacci and
he was born in Pisa in 1170.
He studied Math more than other subjects, using
Indian-Arabic figures, that Europeans didnt use at that
time.

## He wrote Liber abaci: a book where he noticed

all his knowledge about Arabian Math.
He died in 1240 in Pisa.

FIBONACCI SEQUENCE
Liber Abaciposed, and solved, a problem
involving the growth of a population of
rabbits based on idealized assumptions. The
solution, generation by generation, was a
sequence of numbers later known asFibonacci
numbers.

THE PROBLEM
Rabbits are able to mate at the age of
one month so that at the end of its
second month a female can produce
another pair of rabbits; rabbits never
die and a mating pair always produces
one new pair (one male, one female)
every month from the second month
on. The puzzle that Fibonacci posed
was: how many pairs will there be in
one year?

## At the end of the first month, they mate, but

there is still only 1 pair.
At the end of the second month the female
produces a new pair, so now there are 2 pairs
of rabbits in the field.
At the end of the third month, the original
female produces a second pair, making 3 pairs
in all in the field.

## At the end of the fourth month, the original

female has produced yet another new pair, the
female born two months ago produces her first
pair also, making 5 pairs.
At the end of thenth month, the number of
pairs of rabbits is equal to the number of new
pairs (which is the number of pairs in
monthn2) plus the number of pairs alive last
month (n1). This is thenth Fibonacci number.

## In the Fibonacci sequence of numbers,

each number is the sum of the
previous two numbers. Fibonacci
began the sequence not with 0, 1, 1, 2,
as modern mathematicians do but with
1,1, 2, etc.
Tartaglias
tringle

COMBINATORIAL IDENTITIES
Most identities involving Fibonacci
numbers can be proved
usingcombinatorial argumentsusing
the fact thatFncan be interpreted as
the number of sequences of 1s and 2s
that sum ton1.

## This can be taken as the definition

ofFn, with the convention thatF0=0,
meaning no sum adds up to 1, and
thatF1=1, meaning the empty sum
"adds up" to 0. Here, the order of the
summand matters. For example, 1+2
and 2+1 are considered two different
sums.

FIBONACCI IN NATURE
Fibonacci sequence is all around us for example:

FIBONACCI IN ART
Piero Della
Francesca, La
Flagellazione di
Cristo.

Leonardo Da Vinci,
Uomo Vitruviano.

Leonardo Da
Vinci, La
Monnalisa.

FONTI
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Successione_di_Fibonacci
http://
www.focus.it/scienza/scienze/cose-la-serie-di-numeri-di-fibona
cci
http://
www.corriere.it/scienze/15_novembre_23/fibonacci-day-mis
tero-numeri-natura-c25018ba-91d3-11e5-98d3-3899a469cdf7.
shtml
http://video.corriere.it/sequenza-fibonacc
https://www.ted.com/talks/arthur_benjamin_the_magic_of_fibonacci_
http://
numbers?language=it

www.liceoberchet.gov.it/ricerche/sezioneaurea/sez2.htm