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Evaluation of Employability Determinants

of Information Technology Graduates
in Metro Manila: A Strategic
Business Model
By:

Felicidad O. Ordoña
DBA, SY 2013

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Introduction

In a world where knowledge is a critical
element for nations to prosper and compete,
excellence is based on the quality and
relevance of education and how it can ensure
that graduates have the knowledge, skills,
attitudes, and values that industries need.
The changing nature of work environments,
the emergence of technology-driven
processes, and the diversified needs of
clientele are challenging the ability of Higher
Educational Institutions (HEIs) to meet the
demand for employable graduates
(DeGuzman and DeCastro, 2008).

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Introduction

The real problem of our country is not totally
unemployment, but the inability to generate
qualified graduates to fill in the needed supply
in the job market, and the Information
Technology (IT) graduates’ is no exception in
the increasing trend to the mismatch of
education output and industry needs (Asian
Development Bank, 2008).
Thus, the study will evaluate the employability
determinants of Information Technology
Graduates, if the skills and competencies
acquired from HEIs match or fit those required
by businesses and/or software industries.
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Theoretical Framework
Old

New

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Conceptual Framework

One very useful approach to educational
evaluation is known as the CIPP, or Context,
Input, Process, Product approach, introduced by
Daniel Stufflebeam in 1966 to guide mandated
evaluations of U.S. federally funded projects
because these emergent projects could not
meet requirements for controlled, variablemanipulating experiments, which then were
considered the gold standard for program
evaluations. Since then, the model has been
widely applied and further developed in 1983.
The CIPP Model for evaluation is a
comprehensive framework for guiding formative
and summative evaluations of programs,
projects, personnel, products, institutions, and
systems.
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Conceptual Framework

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Research Paradigm

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Statement of the Problem
1. What is the company profile of the companies included in this research in terms of the
following:
1.1 Type of business,
1.2 Company size,
1.3 Total number of employees,
1.4 Products and services, and
1.5. System/software packages and language used?
2. What is the professional profile of the respondents in this study in terms of the following:
2.1 Educational attainment
2.2 Position in the company, and
2.3 Length of service in their current jobs
3. What is the level of preparedness of the respondents in this study in relations to the following:
3.1 Knowledge of computers,
3.2 Skills on the use of computers,
3.3 Other allied competencies, and
3.4 Attitudes and values?
4. To what extent do the preparedness variables, namely;
4.1 Knowledge of computers,
4.2 Skills on the use of computers,
4.3 Other allied competencies, and
4.4 Attitudes and values
significantly affect the employability of IT graduates of educational institutions?
5. How did the respondents rate their level of employability vis a vis the computer education they
have acquired in their respective educational institutions?
6. What “Strategic / Employability Business Model” can be drawn and designed for this study?
7. Based on the results of the research, what Academic–Industry Program can be designed to
optimize the preparedness and consequently, the employability of Information Technology
graduates, and the capabilities set by the Computer Software industries/businesses?

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Hypotheses of the Study
1)

2)
3)
4)
5)

There are no significant differences on the
employability determinants of IT graduates as
perceived by the IT manager and IT personnel with
respect to the level of preparedness on: a) knowledge
of computers, b) skills on the use of computer software
packages and languages, c) other allied competencies,
and d) attitudes and values;
Knowledge of computers significantly affects the
employability of Information Technology graduates;
Skills on the use of computers significantly affect the
employability of Information Technology graduates;
Other allied competencies significantly affect the
employability of Information Technology graduates; and
Attitudes and values significantly affect the
employability of Information Technology graduates.
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Significance of the Study
This study is going to be significant to the following, so that they will understand the role and
impact on the preparedness of Information Technology graduates in respect to their job
responsibilities:

Institutional Executives. This study will give them impetus and insights on the role of
technology in their institutions, thereby, realize and understand the multifaceted nature and
management of technology in education and prepare students to make them employable
and meet the demands of the industry.
The IT Faculty. This study hopes to enhance them to understand the conditions under
which they work and aid their efforts to make the best uses of technology in their classrooms,
laboratories, and offices. Only with these efforts can faculty defend against technologies
threats to high quality teaching, academic freedom and supportive working environments.
The IT Graduates. Through the use of advanced technology, interactive learning does not
only take place which can simulate students to think, get motivated and involved in
enhancing their learning and problem-solving skills, but also will have access to high quality
education including workstations, online learning, rich interactive information resources,
excellent books and custom-published materials. These collaborative work challenges them to
use the rich information resources available that meet their individual learning needs,
abilities, preferences, and interests thus making them qualified for any job positions that are
available in the industry based on their college degrees earned.
Stakeholders/Employers - This study will enable the employers to assess the employability
and preparedness of information technology graduates to perform work responsibilities vis
a vis their related IT course finished in tertiary education to meet the business and/or industry
needs.
The Other Researchers. This study will enrich the dearth of studies on graduates
employability and job preparedness of graduates to meet the challenging needs of the
industry.

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Scope and Limitations
The study will cover only the Employers/Managers and IT
personnel of fifteen (15) member–companies of Philippine
Software Industry (PSIA) such as:
(1) ACCENTURE
(2) Advance World System (AWS) Information Systems
(3) Computer Professionals Inc
(4) Entertainment Gateway Group Corp (EGG)
(5) FUJITSU Ten Solutions Philippines Inc
(6) Hewlett-Packard
(7) IBM Phils.
(8) Innove Communications (Globe Telecoms)
(9) LOGICA Philippines
(10)Microsoft Philippines
(11)MSIT Solutions
(12)Netsuite
(13)Orange & Bronze Software Labs
(14)Novare Technologies and
(15)TELUS International.
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Research Design
A descriptive study method of research will be
used. The structured and unstructured
questionnaires will be used to gather data
through email and direct interviews from
respondents. Being descriptive, the study will
find out the employability determinants that
contribute to the preparedness of Information
Technology (IT) graduates that will match the
skills and capabilities set by IT software
industry. These specifications will be analyzed
to establish the extent of agreement or lack of
agreement between groups of respondents.
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Locale of the Study
This study will be conducted to only recognized institutions and the
software industry member–companies of Philippine Software
Industry (PSIA) in Metro, Manila. These fifteen (15) member–
companies of Philippine Software Industry (PSIA) include:
(1) ACCENTURE
(2) Advance World System (AWS) Information Systems
(3) Computer Professionals Inc
(4) Entertainment Gateway Group Corp (EGG)
(5) FUJITSU Ten Solutions Philippines Inc
(6) Hewlett-Packard
(7) IBM Phils.
(8) Innove Communications (Globe Telecoms)
(9) LOGICA Philippines
(10)Microsoft Philippines
(11)MSIT Solutions
(12)Netsuite
(13)Orange & Bronze Software Labs
(14)Novare Technologies and
(15)TELUS International.
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Respondents of the Study
As indicated in the “Locale of the Study”, the population will
include fifteen (15) member–companies of Philippine Software
Industry (PSIA).
The sample respondents from each of the fifteen (15) companies
will consist of :
(a) ten (10) I.T. personnel, and
(b) two (2) I.T. managers / direct supervisors.
Thus, the total expected respondents of one hundred eighty (180)
for the sample size consists of:
(a) one hundred fifty (150) I.T. personnel, and
(b) thirty (30) I.T. managers / direct supervisors.
The sample size is approximately ten percent (10%) of the
estimated population, based on the Central Limit Theorem.
The analysis will lead to the industry-academe program that can be
designed to optimize the preparedness and consequently, the
employability of Information Technology (IT) graduates.
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Research Instrument

The survey questionnaire was self-developed by the
researcher. It consists of seven (7) parts, namely: (1)Company
Profile, (2)Professional Profile of the Respondent,
(3)Knowledge on Computers, (4)Skills/Abilities on Computer
Packages/Languages, (5)Other Allied Competencies,
(6)Attitudes and Values, and Other Skills, (7)Evaluation .
Most of the question items in the instrument are in nominal
scale and ordinal scale, where respondents are simply to
indicate or encircle the response from a Four(4)–Point–Likert
Scale consisting of : 4–Strongly agree, 3–Agree, 2 –
Disagree and 1-Strongly disagree
The two (2) sets of questionnaires were constructed by the
researcher to find out the employability determinants that
contribute to the preparedness of Information Technology
graduates that will match the skills and competencies
required by the businesses software industries.
Survey questionnaires (Appendix B - For Executives - Form1)
will be administered to employers/managers/supervisors of
Philippine software industry companies, while (Survey
Questionnaires for IT Personnel – Form2) will be given to
graduates of Information Technology related courses.
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Statistical Treatment
In analyzing and interpreting the data to
be gathered, the following statistical
tools and techniques will be used.
1.
Percentage
2.
Weighted Mean
3.
Kruskal-Wallis One-way Analysis of
Variance
4.
T-test
5.
Regression Analysis
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