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Xphe Workshop

Workshop Goal
Learn how to use Xphe effectively by
Presenting capabilities
Working a series of examples

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Schedule
Morning

Plate-and-frame geometry
Process specifications
Afternoon

Fluid property specifications


Design and analysis methods

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Program Description
Xphe is a calculation engine/interface
combination that calculates heat
transfer and pressure drop performance
for plate-and-frame exchangers.

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Overview
Module 1 (Plate-and-Frame Geometry)

Program capabilities
Graphical user interface
Module 2 (Process Specifications)

Rating and simulations


Performance parameters

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Overview
Module 3 (Fluid Property Specifications)

Grid properties
Component by component
Module 4 (Design and analysis methods)

User-specified f- and j- curves


Condensation
Boiling
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Module 1
Plate-and-Frame Geometry
Geometry supported

Plate types, passes, port arrangement


Geometry input

Plate type
Plate group
Plate configuration
Port configuration

Design mode
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Xphe Geometry
Plate-and-frame construction

Rectangular plate with four ports


One or two plate types yielding up to three

effective chevron angles


One six hot/cold passes

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Xphe Geometry
Cocurrent or countercurrent flow

within a pass
U- or Z-flow for one pass
User-defined or data bank plate

geometry

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Incrementation
Xphe

Analyzes exchanger by dividing it into multiple


small pieces

Solves heat transfer and pressure drop in each


increment using local physical properties

Overall results integrate incremental

results

Increments

Allow more accurate calculations


Consider effects such as maldistribution
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Incrementation
End Plates
1

10
1

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Required Input
Red outlines around icons
indicate required input
Red arrows indicate
subordinate panel
containing required input

Red outlines on
input fields indicate
required input
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Plate Geometry
Internal plate databank
User-defined plate types
Input maximums

Maximum of 12 plate groups


6 hot/cold passes each with only one channel type
3 hot/cold passes each with two channel types
2 hot/cold pass each with three channel types

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Plate Geometry
Effective heat
transfer area

Vertical
distance
between
ports

Chevron
angle

Horizontal distance
between ports
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Plate Geometry
Chevron angle and area per plate required
0.6 mm thickness, by default

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Port Geometry Data


Port diameter and vertical/horizontal
distance between ports required

Channel width and


effective length
based on port data

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Plate Configuration
Flow diagram matches
specified number of
passes and flow configuration

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Plate Configuration

Per pass

Number of channels per fluid per pass


(For uneven passes this number is for
smaller number of passes.)
Total
Total number of channels per fluid
User defined User-specified number of channels for
each plate section
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Plate Configuration

Number of different
channel types

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Plate Configuration

Mixture of plate types


Total channels
for both fluids
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Multiple Plate Types


Use one or two plate types to form channel

Five plate types maximum for plate pack


Example: with two plate types, 3 channel types
available
1/1
1/2
2/2

Specify arrangement of plates on Plate

Configuration panel
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Why Use Multiple Plates?


Manufacturers produce finite set of plate

types/chevron angles
Heat transfer and pressure drop is function

of chevron angle
Effective chevron angle for mixed plate

types is average of two chevron angles


User can balance heat transfer and

pressure drop requirements by mixing plate


types
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Multiple Plates Example


Plate Type 1

Plate Type 2

(e.g., 30 degree)

(e.g., 60 degree)

Effective
Chevron
Angle

30

45

60

1/1

1/2

2/2

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Port Arrangement

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Port Arrangement
Use drop-down menu to
switch frame/pressure plate
between left and right
drawing. No effect on
calculations.

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Port Arrangement

To change port configuration,


right-click any port location

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Design
Specified exchanger duty and process

conditions
Some elements of exchanger geometry

optimized to meet design constraints

Required duty
Maximum pressure drop
Port velocity
Plate type(s) defined
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Design Algorithm
Two design algorithms/strategies

available
Select desired option on Input Summary

panel

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Classic Design
Specify case as usual
Select Classic Design
Run case

Algorithm automatically adjusts specific


geometry to achieve desired duty within
pressure drop constraints
Number of channels (plates)
Number of fluid passes
Pack configuration (how many channels of
each type)
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Grid Design
Specify case as usual
Select Grid Design
Select geometry to consider on Design

Geometry panel
Geometry parameters
Range of geometry
Run case

Grid of cases is run


over specified range of values
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Design Geometry

Select different tabs to access all


design geometry items

Click check box to enable


variation of item in design run

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Design Constraints

Design options (Classic or Grid) will


not select a design that violates
constraints specified on this panel.

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Design Warnings

Xphe flags (in Design View) any


case that violates constraints
specified on this panel, but may still
be selected for final design
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Design View

Lines in red indicate runs that


violate design constraint (C) or
design warning (W).
Program automatically selects best
design. Best is smallest area with
acceptable overdesign and no
constraint violations. User may also
select any alternate design.
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Example 1
Oil Cooler
Open Example1.htri
TEMA AEU oil

cooler

-in. tubes 10 ft long


TEMA fouling factors

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Example 1
Design Plate Frame Oil Cooler
Select File menu,

New Plate and


Frame Exchanger
Select Window

menu, Tile
Horizontally
Drag-and-drop

Process
Hot fluid properties
Cold fluid properties
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Example 1
Single-Phase Design
Create plate-and-frame design

Change fouling resistances


Hot side 0.00005 Btu/hr ft2 F
Cold side 0.0005 Btu/hr ft2 F

Positive overdesign required


10 psi maximum pressure hot and cold sides
Suggestions:
Use plate databank
Use grid design to approximate design
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Session View
Select case and right-click
to display context menu

Use Edit menu, Program Settings


to enable/disable log runs in
session view

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Module 1
Summary and Conclusions
Xphe performs detailed incremental

calculations for most plate-and-frame


geometries
Design mode helps develop approximate

designs

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