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FABRICATION OF HYDRAULIC

BENDING MACHINE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
RKGIT , GHAZIABAD
Under the supervision of Mr. Ved prakash

By:
Sumit Sahgal
Sujeet Singh
Anmol Kumar
Vibhanshu kr. Tripathi

INTRODUCTION
My project is to design and construct a bending machine.
This machine is used to bend steel into curve or other
curvature shape. The size of the machine is very
convenient for portable work. It is fully made by steel.
Moreover it is easy to be carried and used at any time
and any place.
In various fabrication works as
well as in architectural work pipes are used in artistic
ways. To bend these pipes into these artistic forms is not
easy thing to be done manually. Using a particular
machine specially developed for bending of pipes helps.

CURRENT SCENARIO OF PIPE


BENDING MACHINE
Various type of pipe bending machines are used
for pipe bending. Majority of the machines are
manually operated and operating force is
magnified using mechanical advantage from an
appropriate lever system.

COMMON PROBLEMS WITH THESE


SYSTEMS
Tremendous amount of human effort is
necessary.
Labor cost is more.
Time consuming in terms of setting of
operation setup.
Defects in the form of angular
deformation and wrinkles are seen and
quality is not good.

SOLUTION IS HYDRAULIC PIPE


BENDING MACHINE
The bending force is generated is quite
large with a minimum human effort.
Loading is done by operating handle of
the jack which carries the bending
action resulting into a safe and damage
free bending operation.

DESIGN
Design consists of application of scientific
principles, technical information, imagination
for development of new and improved
machine or mechanism to perform specific
function with maximum economy and
accuracy. It consists of two parts

1. System Design
2. Mechanical design

System Design
System selection based on physical constraints.
Arrangement of various component.
Man machine interaction.
Servicing facility.
Height of machine.
Weight of machine.
Mechanical Design
Fabricated parts.
Parts to be purchased .

WORKING PRINCIPLE
The Hydraulic Jack is a device used for lifting heavy loads by the
application of much smaller force. It is based on the Pascals
law, which states that intensity of pressure is transmitted
equally in all directions through a mass of fluid at rest.
The working principle of a hydraulic jack may be
explained with the help of Fig. shown below. Consider a ram and
plunger, operating in two cylinders of different diameters, which
are interconnected at the bottom, through a chamber, which is
filled with some liquid .

WORKING
The pipe is inserted between the pulleys and the
Hydraulic jack pulley as shown in figure. The
Bending Force is applied with hydraulic Jack when
the handle is operated. Thus pipe is bent. For
desired diameter of bending curve the pulleys are
changed or altered.

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS OF PIPE BENDING


MACHINE
In the constructional part of the project work, a
base frame structure is fabricated using Mild
Steel bars.
Frame : A flat platform is formed on the top of this
base structure. On this platform two mounting points
are fixed. These mounting points are kept very robust in
nature as they have to withstand huge lateral forces
during working of the device. Set of combination of two
numbers of affix able meshing pulleys of various
diameters are fabricated or machined.

Supporting Pulley: The peripheral cross sectional


area of pulleys in pairs in any set is kept same either
semicircular or half square depending on the pipe to be
bent like circular or square cross section. Other pipes
can also be bent but for that special pulleys have to be

Hydraulic Jack: Hydraulic jack with Semi Circular


pulley as shown in figure is fixed on the frame in
between two pulleys and below it by calculating
working distance . Provision for Adjustment of jack
should be there to achieve any type of shapes and
curvature.

Springs: Quick retraction springs are attached to


hydraulic jack upper end for easy and fast retraction
of jack shaft. Springs should be designated in such
way that it will not add more pressure or force for
upper movement of the hydraulic jack.

APPLICATIONS

Used in automobile industry.


Agricultural work components fabrication.
Gym equipment's.
Boat and swimming pool furnishings.
Exhausts.
Handles.
Road signs and posters.
Fuel pipes for diesel engines.

ADVANTAGES
Hydraulic ram force reduces human effort in
operation.
Portable.
Simple construction.
Low cost.
Less needs for maintenance.
No extra skill is required for operating this
system.

THANK
YOU