HISTORICAL

INFLUENCES
Matthew Weitz
PSY310
9/14/2015
Shannon Kelly

such as Erikson’s theory of  psychosocial development. Psychologists and researchers often use grand theories as a basis for exploration. but consider smaller theories and recent research as well . such as Kohlberg’s theory of moral development. but are often considered outdated and incomplete in the face of modern research. • Grand theories of development include psychoanalytic theory.THE MAIN INFLUENCES INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY • Theories of development • Some developmental theories focus on the formation of a specific quality. Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget. These theories seek to explain much of human behavior. • Grand theories are those comprehensive ideas often proposed by major thinkers such as Sigmund Freud. • Other developmental theories focus on growth that happens throughout the lifespan. learning theory and cognitive theory.

THE FUNCTION OF THE BRAIN • In a broad sense. • This includes the ascending reticular system and the limbic system. • * Regulation of sleep-wake cycles. • * Regulation of visceral activities among others. is through conscious attention and allows perception. the second part in the following activities: • * Regulation of emotional behavior. the first regulates wakefulness. . growing medical understanding of the brain to suggest that the powers of the human characteristics in this body are the higher mental functions. the brain is the set of elements of the central nervous system contained within the cranium. • * Regulation of sexual behavior. • * Speed control and eating behavior. a complete definition of these functions would fill many pages of a specialized text. speech and emotions. however generally we can consider that the brain has three major functional units: • For regulating muscle tone and wakefulness.

" .CONTINUATION THE FUNCTION OF THE BRAIN • Processing and storage unit information the brain receives. she mechanisms of motor activity. • Unit programming. regulation and verification of mental activity • Its basic function is to verify the conscious activity. • This unit is divided into: • * Sensory general. so if we can say definitely is that "the human brain is one of the great wonders of nature. training plans and schedule actions. • * Hearing. • * Visual. intelligent deliberation and regulation of behavior involved. • Brain function is so complex and sophisticated end in that there are still many unanswered questions.

. • The mind–body connection • How our senses work.HOW THE RESEARCH INFLUENCED THE STUDY OF THE MIND-BODY INTERACTION.

• DUALISM .HOW THE RESEARCH INFLUENCED THE STUDY OF THE MIND-BODY INTERACTION.

THE MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS THAT LED TO EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY • Wundt and other psicólgos awareness focused on the introspective analysis of adult and normal human mind. showing it as a puppet at the mercy of a series of repulsive primitive impulses that we never dare to recognize. the second was the Darwinian demonstration that humans are part of nature) is the demonstration that the human ego is not master in his own house. in the early childhood and waste developments. psychology instead given by Freud focused on the abnormal mental processes and expose arose consciousness. instead of carrying out experiments. trying to develop an experimental science. Psychoanalysis Freud represents the third major blow to human self-esteem (the first is when Copernicus demonstrated that human beings do not live in the center of the universe. . looking for the hidden origins of human behavior in the unconscious. mind Freud investigated by clinical examination.

• Stage 4: Growth and Expansion • They were two fundamental facts: • 1 Revisionism and modification of existing theories. strengthening the psychological role in society and the creation of research centers on development. the subject matter shifted to determining similarities between adult and child. which marked a turning point in the conceptions of biological evolution and especially of man. where there were many advances. Although undoubtedly the most important contribution was the appearance of "The Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin.DESCRIBES EACH INFLUENCE OR DEVELOPMENT AND HOW THEY CONTRIBUTED TO THE FIELD OF PSYCHOLOGY • Developmental Psychology can be divided into four stages: • Stage 1: (eighteenth and early nineteenth): First observations • During the fourteenth century began to collect in France the most important family events called "Livres de raison". Before the work of Darwin. During the last quarter of the eighteenth century a large number of studies on children appears. In the sixteenth and early seventeenth century information from medical treatises concerning the physical care and development at the early stages appear. the main object of the study was to find the differences between adult-children. but after Darwin. in these states that all behavior is acquired also appear. • 2 Development of new theories or approaches to the study of human development. • Stage 3: Consolidation and development • This discipline had its biggest establishment and development in the USA. Note the importance of the measure of intelligence. In addition to the extension of the methodology and the fragmentation of the study subjects. During this century the works of John Locke. human-animal. .

THE BIGGEST NAMES IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY   • Stanley Hall • Sigmund Freud .English pediatrician and psychoanalyst. • James Mark Baldwin .French physician and jurist. • Alfred Binet . and politician French neuropsychiatrist.American psychologist.Psychosexual development. • Jean Piaget .Affective development of self.historical-cultural-social Development.psychologist. • Donald Winnicott .Spiritual Development.Cognitive Development. . • Ken Wilber . philosopher. • Erik Erikson . • James Fowler . • Henri Wallon .Developing awareness. • Lev Vygotsky .Moral Development. • Lawrence Kohlberg .

Oxford: Oxford University Press. & Haddock.G. J. •  Place. • Plato (1995). (1995). E. W.wikipedia. Vol 1.C. • http://psychology. Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Robinson.B. F.F.M.S. "Sankhya:Hindu philosophy: The Sankhya". 1980). 2008. and Philosophy of Mind (Whitehead Psychology Nexus Studies II). 2 vols. Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology. W. Honderich. Nicoll. Hicken.org/wiki/Psicolog%C3%ADa_del_desarrollo . State University of New York Press. Neuroscience.. Ted. Michel Weber and Anderson Weekes (eds. J. • http://es.). • Cf. Clarendon Press. Albany. "What is functionalism" in Readings in Philosophy of Psychology.com/od/developmentecourse/a/dev_types. (Munich 2005) • Kim.REFERENCES •  Oliver Elbs. ISBN 14065-4150-8. 2009.about. ed.htm •  Macpherson. Neuro-Esthetics: Mapological foundations and applications (Map 2003).A. Ullin (1956). • Sri Swami Sivananda. editors. British Journal of Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. A. D. Disjunctivism: Perception. Ned. "Is Consciousness a Brain Process?". Strachan. Knowledge. New York. Problems in the Philosophy of Mind. Phaedo. •  Block. Duke. Action. (Cambridge: Harvard. ed.