OVERVIEW: Uttarakhand has a total land area of 53.  Two major rivers(Ganga and yamuna) originate from the glaciers of uttarakhand  .584sqkm of which 94% is mountaneous.  Most of the area is covered by himalayan peaks and glaciers.


.FLOODING IN UTTARAKHAND From 15 to 18 June 2013. which was about 375 percent more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon. Indian state of Uttrakhand and adjoining area received heavy rainfall.

Badrinath region. . Uttarakhand. Assiganga basin. and eruption of the Mandakini River which led to heavy floods near Kedar Dome. Rudraprayag district. Himachal Pradesh. including in Bhagirathi basin. Mandakini Basin. This lead to melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres.The massive rainfall and cloud burst events were happening at multiple places. other places in Alaknanda region from 15 June 2013 to around 18 June 2013.

 Building of hydro electricity plants and increase in the infrastructural facilities have weaken the mountain causing land slides.MAN MADE REASONS:  Melting of glaciers. because of global warming has been of the reasons. . Pollution and global warming accounted for the melting of glaciers  Violation of environmental laws and deforestation has also accounted for floods.

 Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leadung to major disasters in the state.The dam constructions involve blasting of hills which increase the risk of land slides. Currently 70 dams exist in the Char dham area alone.  More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttrakhand. .

damaged several houses and structures. killing those who were trapped Over 70. .000 were stuck in the valley  Landslides.CONSEQUENCES-HUMAN LOSS  According to the official records 400 houses were destroyed and 265 were damaged  4.00. due to the floods.10.000 people were dead.200 villages were victims of the floods  6.000 people were stuck.000 were injured and 1.

CONSEQUENCES-ECONOMICAL LOSS  Major roads.  Tourism constitutes about 30% of the state’s income which was lost  All the shops and hotels were destroyed and all roads were broken .000 crores loss was reported.cars Etc.telephone towers were destroyed due to which communication with the outer world was lost.which may be in the form of destruction of houses roads.  20.

  . Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations. Navy.RESCUE AND RELIEF OPERATION  The Army. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). heavy fog and rainfall. but due to the rough terrain. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). Border Security Force. maneuvering them was a challenge. Air Force.  Helicopters were used to rescue people.  Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions.

424 people .930 kg of relief material and equipment. the IAF airlifted a total of 18.flying a total of 2. . By 21 June 2013. and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.  From 17 June to 30 June 2013.000 soldiers and 11 helicopters. the Army had deployed 10.137 sorties and dropping/landing a total of 3. the Navy had sent 45 naval divers.36.

Several state governments announced financial assistance.000 crore (US$170 million) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state.  Indian army showed extreme levels of courage in saving the people in spite of the helicopter crash occurred during the missionoperation Rahat. Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas & announced 1. .


EASURES TO REDUCE THE INTENSITY OF SUCH DISASTE  Protecting the environment can only be the way to reduce the risk of such disasters  Putting cap on number of tourists may be a solution. expansion of roads.  Keeping a check on illegal constructions and on deforestation. which reduces the construction of hotels. .

 Training the people on how to take basic safety measures. Using latest equipments to predict the probability of rains  Alerting and transferring people to safe zones at proper time. .