INORGANIC

CHEMISTRY
TOPIC-NANOTECHNOLOGY
SUPERVISOR - Dr. Sunil & Saroj Sir
Presented byPooja,priya,shilpa,tamanna,vishali

CONTENTS Introduction Defination Nanomaterials Types of nanomaterials  Synthesisa) Bottom up method b) Top down method ) Characterizationa) Scanning Electron microscope(SEM) b) Transmission electron microscope(TEM) ) Applications of nanotechnology .

INTRODUCTION Here it refers to one billionth of a meter or 1 nanometer(nm ).nanotechnology deals with structure of the size 100 nanometer or smaller in at least one dimension.Nano -From the Greek word for dwarf and means one billionth.after shortened to ‘nanotech’. A sheet of paper is about 100. is the study of the control of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally . 1 nanometer is about 3 atoms long Nanotechnology .000 nanometers .

The average human hair . • A Nanometer is one billionth of a meter .Definations • Nanotechnology is the study of manipulating matter on an atomic scale . • Nanotechnology refers to the constructing and engineering of the functional system at very micro level or we can say at atomic level.roughly the width of three or four atoms .

blood). cotton &even our bone matrix are all natural .NANOMATE Nanomaterials comprise RIALtypes of nanovarious objects. natural colloids (milk. feathers . horny materials (skin .namely nanoparticles. paper. some butterfly wing scales.hair. Natural nanomaterials such as structure of viruses . the wax crystal covering a lotus leaf.nanorods or nanoplates.

TYPES OF NANOMATERIALS Carbon Based material Metal Based material Dendrimers Composites .

nanogold . These particles have many potential applications. Spherical and ellipsoidal carbon nanomaterials are referred to as fullerenes. such as titanium dioxide. ellipsoids. Changing the size of quantum dots changes their optical properties.Types Of NanomaterialsCarbon Based Materials • These nanomaterials are composed mostly of carbon. and applications in electronics. . or tubes. A quantum dot is a closely packed semiconductor crystal comprised of hundreds or thousands of atoms. nanosilver and metal oxides. and whose size is on the order of a few nanometers to a few hundred nanometers. while cylindrical ones are called nanotubes . stronger and lighter materials. including improved films and coatings. Metal Based Materials • These nanomaterials include quantum dots. most commonly taking the form of a hollow spheres.

bulk-type materials. thermal. barrier. This property could also be useful for catalysis. Also. which can be tailored to perform specific chemical functions. and flame-retardant properties. such as nanosized clays. they may be useful for drug delivery. . Composites • Composites combine nanoparticles with other nanoparticles or with larger. because threedimensional dendrimers contain interior cavities into which other molecules could be placed. The surface of a dendrimer has numerous chain ends. to enhance mechanical.Types Dendrimers • These nanomaterials are nanosized polymers built from branched units. are already being added to products ranging from auto parts to packaging materials. Nanoparticles .

Synthesis Bottom up method Top down method .

In these method the raw material sources can be in the form of gas .liquids or solids.BOTTOM UP METHOD • Bottom up methods involves the assembly of atoms and molecules into Nano structured arrays. precipitation synthesis techniques. • EXAMPLES-Combustion. .

TOP DOWN METHODS • In Top down approach Nano objects and materials are created by larger entities without bouncing its atomic reactions usually top down approach is practiced less as compared to the bottom up approach . . The traditional example of a top down technique for fabrication is lithography in which instruments are used to scale a microscopic plan to the Nano scale.

Applications of Nanotechnology .

THANK YOU .