Energy Conventional and non Conventional

Palembang, March 31th, 2016

By: Imaniah Sriwijayasih,
S.S.T, M.T

C) at 200 C and 50 (W/m. Thermal conductivities of the pipe are 52 (W/m. A pipeline system is used for distributing steam in a factory.Worked Example 3. The temperature at inner surface .C). The pipe is covered with an insulation having thermal conductivity of 0.C) at 300 C. The total length of the pipeline is 80 (m) with the thickness of 3 mm and the inside diameter of 74 (mm).2184 (W/m.

The convection heat transfer coefficient between insulation and room air is 5.20 (W/m2.C).5 (W/m2. determine: a).C) and the convection heat transfer coefficient between steam and inside surface of the pipe is 10. With consideration of thermal conductivity of the pipe at inside surface temperature. Heat flow rate if the .

The temperature at outer surface of the pipe at point a). Heat flow rate of the naked pipe if the convection heat transfer coefficient between outside surface of the pipe and the room air is the same as convection heat transfer coefficient between outside surface of the insulation and the room air. d). Insulation thickness needed to decrease heat loss as much as 20 % from the heat loss without insulation. c).b). .

L = 80 (m) Pipe thickness.e. ho = 5.i = 260 ºC Convection heat transfer coefficient between the insulation and the room air. t = 3 (mm) = 0. Tr = 86F = (8632)/1.003 (m) Room temperature. Solution: Pipe length.8 = 30 ºC Temperature at inside surface of pipe.5 hours at point a). Heat energy released by steam in 1. and point d).C) .2 (W/m2. Tp.

C) 300  200 By interpolation. kp 260  200 =50 (W/m.8 (W/m.i = 37 (mm) = 0.040 (m) At 200 C: thermal conductivity of the pipe. dp.The inside diameter of the pipe. thermal conductivity of the .037 (m) The outside radius of the pipe.o = 40 (mm) = 0. rp.C) At 300 C: thermal conductivity of the pipe.i = 74 (mm) The inside radius of the pipe.C) kp(260C)  52  (50  52)  50. rp. kp =52 (W/m.

ho where : ki = thermal conductivity of insulation = 0.Tr ) thickness: Qc  ln(rp.o ) 1   kp ki rc x h o .C) 0.2184 (W/m.2 Therefore: a).2184 rc   0. Heat flow rate if the insulation thickness is equal to critical 2 π L insulation (Tp.ki rc  Critical radius of insulation.i .i ) ln(rc /rp.042 (m) 5.2 (W/m2.C) ho = 5.o /rp.

20 .037) ln(0. Qc = 24054.Tr ) Q naked  ln(rp.042/0.30) Q naked  ln(0. Heat flow rate of the naked pipe (Qnaked): 2 π L (Tp.8 0.2 x 3.040) 1   50.037) 1  50.o /rp.20 a).042 x 5.040/0.040 x 5.2184 0.i .040/0.30) Qc  ln(0.8 0.14 x 80 (260 .14 x 80 (260 .o x h o 2 x 3.i ) kp 1  rp.85 (W) b).

i ) kp .b).Determination of the temperature at outer surface of the pipe at point a).85  ln(rp.15 (W) c). 2 π L (Tp.027.i .Tp.i ) kp 2 x 3.14 x 80 x (Tp.Tp.i .o /rp.  ln(rp.o /rp.o ) Qa).o ) 24054. Qnaked = 24.

2 x 3.i .o /rp.9 C c). . is.i ) kp Tp.o = 259.85  ln(rp.14 x 80 x (Tp.o = 259. The temperature at outer surface of the pipe at point a). Tp.o ) 24054.9 C d).Tp. Determination of insulation thickness needed to decrease heat loss as much as 20 % from the heat loss without insulation.

040/0.30) 19221.o ) 1   kp ki rx .8 x 24027.037) ln(rx /0.72  ln(rx /0.8 x Qnaked = 0.040) 1   50.72  ln(0.040) 1 0. h o 2 x 3.72 (W) 2 π L (Tp.Tr ) Q0.Q0.14 x 80 x (260 .8Qnaked  ln(rp.2184 5.8naked = 0.2184 rx .8 0.o /rp.20 115552 19221.i .001534676   0. 5.20 rx .i ) ln(rx /rp.15 = 19221.

080 rx = 0.20 rx ln(rx /0.009998111 0.080  (0.040) 1   6.098  0.009998111 0.20 rx rx  0.312583587 .098 X = 1.324659453 .040  ln For: rx = 0.2184 5.1.324659453 1.218147181 X = 1.080) 1.312583587  X    rx  0.042  1.218147181 .ln(rx /0.218147181 rx  0.2184 5.1.040) 1   6.

: Qa) in 1.0960 (m) Insulation thickness.0960 – 0. .0 (mm) e). Determination of Heat energy released by steam in 1.5 x 3600 (s) = 129896190 (J).040 = 0. The insulation thickness needed. and point d).85 (J/s) x 1.5 hours at point a).056 (m) d).5 h = 24054.5 hours at point a). Heat energy released by steam in 1. ti = 0. ti = 56.rx = 0.

The temperatures at inner and outer surfaces of the insulation in degree C. The temperatures at inner and outer surfaces of the pipe in degree C.C. with a combined heat transfer coefficient of hc = 16 W/m2. respectively. b. The temperature drops across the pipe shell and the insulation in degree C. f.C) whose inner and outer diameters are D1 = 60 mm and D2 = 66 mm. The rate of heat loss from the steam for the pipe length of 10 m. The pipe is covered with 35-mm thick glass wool insulation with k = 0. Heat is lost to the surroundings at T c = 77 F by natural convection and radiation.05 W/m. d.C. c.HOMEWORK Problem: 1 Steam at Th = 572 F flows in a cast iron pipe (k = 80 W/m. without insulation. Determine: a. The percentage of energy saving for the system by using 35-mm . Taking the heat transfer coefficient inside the pipe to be hh = 60 W/m2. The rate of heat loss from the steam for the pipe length of 10 m.C. e.

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