Review-1

Submitted
By
U.Chaitanya Vardhini
Regd.No: 14A31D0403
(CAD/CAM)

  Under the Guidance Of
Mr.G.Avinash Sir
Professor
Department Of Mechanical Engineering

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
PRAGATI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(Approved by AICTE & Permanently Affiliated to JNT University, Kakinada, Accredited by NBA) 
1-378, ADB Road, Surampalem, Near Peddapuram-533437

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TITLE-1
Development of Aluminium Based Silicon Carbide Particulate 
Metal Matrix Composites

Abstract 
Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs) have evoked a keen interest in recent times for potential applications in aerospace and
automotive industries owing to their superior strength to weight ratio and high temperature resistance. The widespread
adoption of particulate metal matrix composites for engineering applications has been hindered by the high cost of producing
components. Although several technical challenges exist with casting technology yet it can be used to overcome this problem.
Achieving a uniform distribution of reinforcement within the matrix is one such challenge, which affects directly on the
properties and quality of composite material. In the present study a modest attempt has been made to develop aluminium based
silicon carbide particulate MMCs with an objective to develop a conventional low cost method of producing MMCs and to
obtain homogenous dispersion of ceramic material. To achieve these objectives two step-mixing method of stir casting
technique has been adopted and subsequent property analysis has been made. Aluminium (98.41% C.P) and Sic (320-grit) has
been chosen as matrix and reinforcement material respectively. Experiments have been conducted by varying weight fraction
of Sic (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%), while keeping all other parameters constant. The results indicated that the
‘developed method’ is quite successful to obtain uniform dispersion of reinforcement in the matrix. An increasing trend of
hardness and impact strength with increase in weight percentage of Sic has been observed. The best results (maximum
hardness 45.5 BHN & maximum impact strength of 36 N-m.) have been obtained at 25% weight fraction of Sic

TITLE-3
DEVELOPMENT OF ALUMINUM SILICON CARBIDE AND ALUMINUM GRAPHITE 
PARTICULATE COMPOSITES

Abstract
Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs) have been used in several applications in aerospace and automotive industries. Although
several technical challenges exist with casting technology. Achieving a uniform distribution of reinforcement within the
matrix is one such challenge, which affects directly on the properties and quality of composite. In the present study a modest
attempt has been made to develop aluminium based silicon carbide particulate MMCs, graphite particulate MMCs with an
objective to develop a conventional low cost method of producing MMCs and to obtain homogenous dispersion of ceramic
material. Experiments have been conducted by varying weight fraction of Sic, graphite and alumina(5%, 10%, 15%, 20%,
25%, and 30%), while graphite weight fraction 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% keep all other parameters constant. The results
indicated that the ‘developed method’ is quite successful to obtain uniform dispersion of reinforcement in the matrix. An
increasing of hardness and with increase in weight percentage of ceramic materials has been observed. The best results
(maximum hardness) have been obtained at 25 % weight fraction of Sic and at 4% weight fraction of graphite.

TITLE-3
Development of Aluminium Based Silicon Carbide Particulate Metal Matrix 
Composite for Spur Gear

Abstract
MMCs are made by dispersing a reinforcing material into a metal matrix. They are prepared by powder metallurgy and casting,
although several technical challenges exist with casting technology. Achieving a homogeneous distribution of reinforcement
within the matrix is one such challenge, and this affects directly on the properties and quality of composite. The aluminium alloy
composite

materials

consist

of

high

strength,

high

stiffness,

more

thermal

stability,

more

corrosion and wear resistance, and more fatigue life. Aluminium alloy materials found to be the best alternative with its unique
capacity of designing the materials to give required properties. In this work a composite is developed by adding silicon carbide in
Aluminium metal by mass ratio 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10%. The composite is prepared by stir casting technique. Mechanical tests
such as hardness test, microstructure test are conducted. It is proposed to use this material for power transmitting elements such as
gears which are subjected to continuous loading. Finally modelling and finite element analysis of gear is done using CATIA and
ANSYS 14.0.In case of increased silicon carbide content, the hardness, and material toughness are enhanced. From the results it is
concluded that composite material such as aluminium silicon carbide is one of the option as a material for power transmission
gears.