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Force and Motion

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Inertia

Gravity

Newtons Laws

Projectile motion

What is a force?

A

push or a pull

May be unbalanced or balanced

Gives

energy to

an object

Can set an

object in

motion, make it

stop, or change

its motion

motion

motion

motion

vectors

vectors

Friction

A

bringing objects to rest

Types:

Inertia

Inertia

The

tendency

of an object to

stay at rest or

in motion.

Objects with

greater mass

have greater

inertia

motion

inertia

Gravity

Gravity

The attractive

force between

all objects in the

universe

F = M1 M2

d2

More

More distance means less gravity

lots of gravity

My gravitational

attraction is small

no matter what the

distance!

and the student

exerts a force

on the earth

because

of GRAVITY!

Newtons Laws of

Motion

1. Inertia

2. F=ma

3. Action-reaction

The

law of

inertia:

An object at

rest stays at

rest

an object in

motion stays

in motion

unless acted

upon by an

outside force.

motion

orbit

Motion

Force

A

= Mass x acceleration

Acceleration will occur in the

direction of the force.

accelerating?

If

blue cars are accelerating. The red

car is traveling at constant speed.

acceleration

Will these accelerate?

A skier going downhill?

What force is acting on

the skier?

An astronaut on a

spacewalk?

Are any forces acting

on the astronaut?

will accelerate?

A

a gun?

What forces are

acting on the

bullet?

A hammer and

feather dropped on

the moon?

What force is acting?

Newtons 2

nd

Law

F_____

M

A

Force is measured in newtons. A newton

is a

kg m

s2

Example:

a tree and decelerates at 50m/s/s.

What force does it exert on the tree?

Answer:

F_____

M A

1000kg * 50m/s/s =

50,000 kgm or 50,000N

s2

F = ma

A

Is a force acting on it?

Answer: although there are forces

acting on the car (gravity, friction, air

resistance,etc) since there is no

acceleration, the net force in the

direction of motion must be zero.

More 2

nd

1.

Law Problems:

mass of 50kg if a force of 10N is

applied?

2. An object accelerates due to

gravity at a rate of 10m/s/s. If its

mass is 15kg, what force is acting on

the mass?

Answers:

_F_

M A

1. _10N_

0.2 n/kg= 0.2 kg m = 0.2

m/s2

50kg A

s2/kg

2.

F______

15kg 10m/s2

150 kgm/s2 or 150N

an acceleration

On

9.8m/s2 (ignoring air resistance)

because of gravity.

No matter what the mass, ALL

objects on earth accelerate at 9.8

m/s2

Newtons 2

nd

Law

F__

m a

3.

cliff. How much force is acting

on the object?

Answer:

F_______

3kg 9.8 m/s2

29.4N

resistance

Both the elephant and

the feather land at

the same time!

resistance

The feather takes

lots longer to hit

the ground!

For

and opposite reaction

equal and opposite reaction

In

rocketry

The gases

being expelled

is the action.

The rocket

propelling

forward is the

reaction.

the motorcycle rider?

1st:

forward.

2nd: The force with which the rider hits

the ground will be equal to his mass

times his deceleration.

3rd: The action of hitting the ground

will equal the reaction of the dirt.

Projectile motion

Projectile motion

An

to inertia and accelerates

downward due to gravity.

vertically

The motion

of the truck

causes the

ball to project

forward.

What would

happen if

the truck

stopped?

dropped straight down and

moves forward due to inertia

of the plane causes

the package to land in front

of where its dropped.

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