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FAMxc Flexible Access Multiplexer Copyright Siae Microelettronica S.p.a. Last Firmware V7.03.07 1

FAMxc

Flexible Access Multiplexer

Copyright Siae Microelettronica S.p.a.

Last Firmware V7.03.07

Training items

  • 1. General overview FAMxc

  • 2. Software Telnet/Hyper Terminal

  • 3. Line up

  • 4. Interface, Tributary

  • 5. Maintenance

  • 6. Alarm & Troubleshooting

Description

FAMxc is an access DCS-MUX that can combine various digital access interfaces into E1 or T1 lines for convenient transport and switching. Provides access for a variety of TDM, IP, and voice Access DCS-MUX provides access for a variety of interfaces, including mini Quad E1, Quad E1/T1, ATM/ FR, 32 WAN port Router, 64 WAN port Router-A, Router-B, FOM, Terminal Server Card, MDSL, G.SHDSL, G.703, U type, X.21/V.11, V.35/V36, RS232, 8 RS232, QEM, QFXO, QFXS, 8EM, 12FXS, 12FXO, 24FXS, 24FXO, and Magneto. Full cross-connect and can act as a mini DACS. This means that one or more of the WAN ports can be used as a Drop & Insert function with fractional E1/T1 lines, which can be multiplexed into a full E1/T1 line.

Features

Full front access (ETSI) Shelf Support of DS0 DACS (Digital Access Cross-Connect System) with full cross-connect Dual controller, dual power with load sharing 1 for 1 protection, Y-BOX 1 for 1 protection, E1, T1, FOM PDH ring protection, QE1, QT1, FOM, Mini QE1 Console, Telnet, SLIP, SNMP, and In-band management support Craft interface port for connection to external LCD display Compatible to a SNMP based GUI network management system All the plug-in cards are hot-pluggable

FAMxc versions

FAMxc versions FAMxc 5RU FAMxc 2.5RU FAMc
FAMxc versions FAMxc 5RU FAMxc 2.5RU FAMc

FAMxc 5RU

FAMxc 2.5RU

FAMxc versions FAMxc 5RU FAMxc 2.5RU FAMc

FAMc

5

FAMxc Connectors

Power units (fixed) CPU units (fixed) SLOT C D 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Power units
(fixed)
CPU units
(fixed)
SLOT
C
D
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
48Volt
+
-
A
B

Mini SLOT

6

FAMxc 2.5RU module

CPU units (fixed)
CPU units
(fixed)
FAMxc 2.5RU module CPU units (fixed) Power units (fixed 48 V) SLOT 7
FAMxc 2.5RU module CPU units (fixed) Power units (fixed 48 V) SLOT 7

Power units (fixed 48 V)

SLOT

FAMc module

  • - Single T1 interface RJ48C

  • - Single E1 interface coax BNC 75 Ohm/RJ48C 120 Ohm

  • - Dual LAN port (10&10/100BaseT) router card

  • - 4-channel 2WE&M voice card

  • - 4-channel 4WE&M voice card

  • - 4-channel FXS with metering pulse voice card

  • - 4-channel FXO with metering pulse voice card

  • - EIA530 interface card DB25 connector

  • - V.35 interface card DB25 connector

  • - X.21 interface card DB15 connector

  • - RS232 interface card DB25 connector

  • - 64k codir. G.703 interface card RJ45 connector

Configuration

Item

FAMxc 5U

FAMxc 2.5U

# of Mini-slots

4

4

# of Single slots

12

3

Max. E1 Channels

64

28

Cross-Connect Backplane Capacity

128 Mbps

56 Mbps

Dimensions

432.4x220x223.5 mm

438x110x224 mm

Connection to equipment

Using RS232 direct cable in Console Port 9600 8-N-1 with HyperTerminal (!!You cannot upload/download FW or backup!!)

Using LAN “Ethernet” port in CTRL1 module with Telnet (!!Need to know the ip address of equipment!!)

Software

N.E. ( Network Equipment )

HyperTerminal(RS232 or LAN) or Telnet (LAN)

1

NMS5-LX (Linux)

1000

NMS5-UX (Unix)

10000

Active if flashing

Serial connection with PC (Console)

Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
11
11
Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
  • Last alarm LED

A B C D
A
B
C
D
Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D

Alarms of miniSlot

A, B, C, D

Console 9600bps

Slip 38400bps

Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D

manual Alarm Cut Off (Last alarm acknowledge)

Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D
  • External source clock for sync.

  • NC = normally closed COM = common

  • NO = normally open

alarms through relay :

connection
connection
  • Management Lan

External 2-line by

40-character LCD

display and keypads

Active if flashing Serial connection with PC (Console) 11 Last alarm LED A B C D

Management via HyperTerminal

Use Straight serial cable RS232 Pin 2->Pin2, Pin 3->Pin3, Pin 5->Pin5 1 5 2 6 3
Use Straight serial cable RS232
Pin 2->Pin2, Pin 3->Pin3, Pin 5->Pin5
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
12

Management via HyperTerminal

Advanced Settings Press “space” bar to start
Advanced Settings
Press “space”
bar to start
Login as Administrator 1/2 Menu Monitoring (Read only) Menu Management (Read & Write) Push O to
Login as Administrator 1/2
Menu Monitoring (Read only)
Menu Management (Read & Write)
Push O to log in to the FAMxc (password is asked)
14
siae

Login as Administrator 2/2

Main window: Controller Menu (status: Logged) Menu Monitoring (Read only) Menu Management (Read & Write)
Main window: Controller Menu (status: Logged)
Menu Monitoring (Read only)
Menu Management (Read & Write)
Login as Administrator 2/2 Main window: Controller Menu (status: Logged) Menu Monitoring (Read only) Menu Management

The official Software Version is V7.03.07 (NMS compatibility)

15

Change IP Address 1/2

Time/Date Press Tab button to enable LAN
Time/Date
Press Tab button to enable LAN
Change IP Address 1/2 Time/Date Press Tab button to enable LAN 16 Controller Menu type: S

16

Controller Menu type: S – A; Edit IP address, SubnetMask, Gateway

Or enable WAN if you want receive inband management over tributary

Change IP Address 2/2 STORE PROCEDURE Controller Menu [Setup] type: V Store/Retrieve Configuration FLASH 2 Store
Change IP Address 2/2
STORE PROCEDURE
Controller Menu [Setup] type: V Store/Retrieve Configuration
FLASH 2
Store
Bench
Retrive
Switch
FLASH 1
For every new
value settings,
it’s necessary
store it in the
flash memory
to maintain it
even after a
SW/HW restart
RAM
Save configuration
permanently in Flash
Load last configuration
from Flash
siae
17

Initialisation Card or Check mismatch 1/4

Controller Menu [Display] type: I Information Summary
Controller Menu [Display] type: I Information Summary

Mismatch = it’s necessary the initialize a new card Unplugged = it’s necessary clear the slot card

18

Initialisation Card or Check mismatch 2/4

Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – I Init new card Press tab to change the slot
Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – I Init new card
Press tab to change the slot source

When insert a new slot card wait about 1 minute.

19

Initialisation Card or Check mismatch 3/4

Controller Menu [Display] type: I Information Summary
Controller Menu [Display] type: I Information Summary

Mismatch = it’s necessary a initialisation Unplugged = it’s necessary clear the slot card

20

Initialisation Card or Check mismatch 4/4

Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – J Clear Empty Slot
Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – J Clear Empty Slot

When no unplugged slot are present receive the message:

21

Initialisation Card or Check mismatch 4/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – J Clear Empty Slot

System Alarm Setup 1/1

A - Software command ACO

System Alarm Setup 1/1 A - Software command ACO Controller Menu [Misc] type: M System Alarm

Controller Menu [Misc] type: M System Alarm Setup

Hardware command ACO
Hardware
command
ACO
System Alarm Setup 1/1 A - Software command ACO Controller Menu [Misc] type: M System Alarm

Led Alarm On everytime there are alarms

Disable: The alarms don’t affect the relay

Manual: Relay remain close until press ACO

AUTO (only with Controller unit A): auto ACO

after 40 seconds

22

Redundant Board 1/3

1 - Insert the second Controller Unit in CTRL2 slot, after a few seconds. 2 -
1 - Insert the second Controller Unit in CTRL2 slot, after a few
seconds.
2 - Press space bar

23

The second controller allows don’t lose traffic when the first is extracted, because the configurations of each card is stored in the RAM of the controller.

Redundant Board 1/3 1 - Insert the second Controller Unit in CTRL2 slot, after a few

Redundant Board 2/3

Redundant Board 2/3 Controller Menu [Display] type: R Redundant Board Information If there are mismatches firmware
Controller Menu [Display] type: R Redundant Board Information If there are mismatches firmware is good thing
Controller Menu [Display] type: R
Redundant Board Information
If there are mismatches
firmware is good thing
update with the last
firmware V7.03.07
24

Redundant Board 3/3

Redundant Board 3/3 Controller Menu [Setup] type: W- R Copy Firmware to Redundant Controller Only if

Controller Menu [Setup] type: W- R Copy Firmware to Redundant Controller

Only if it’s necessary update the firmware

2 - Press “y” and “siae”

Redundant Board 3/3 Controller Menu [Setup] type: W- R Copy Firmware to Redundant Controller Only if

25

Clock source Setup 1/1

Controller Menu [Setup] type:K to edit; or [Display] type:B to view Internal, External, SLOT_B P1, SLOT_B
Controller Menu [Setup] type:K to
edit; or [Display] type:B to view
Internal, External, SLOT_B P1, SLOT_B P2, etc.
Disable,
Internal,
Manual,
Master_Clk,
Automatic
E1(75ohm),
Second_Clk
E1(120ohm),
T1,
Disable,
2048KHz(75ohm),
Enable
2048KHz(120ohm)
FAMxc
FAMxc
Example: The synchronism is used for
How to move in the menus
Master Clock:
Master Clock:
Fiber
alignment of frame in 2 different FAMxc
Internal
SLOT_FOM
optic

DISPLAY C - C (TSI Map)

DISPLAY C - D (Current TSI Map)

DISPLAY C - E (Power/Fan Status)

DISPLAY C - G (Link backup function)

An E1 board in slot C can be protected by an other E1 board in slot D. The same kind of protection is available between slot A and B

DISPLAY C - Q ( QDS1 1:1 protection)

A Quad E1 board in slot 1 can be protected by another Quad

E1 board in slot 2.

Protection can be set port by port.

The same kind of protection is available between slot 3 and

4.

DISPLAY Q (Alarm Queue Summary)

last
last

How to observe alarms:

1)

In every board alarms must be enabled

2)

In CPU alarm must be enabled

3)

In Display select Q

DISPLAY Q (Alarm Queue Summary) last How to observe alarms: 1) In every board alarms must

32

SETUP S (System Setup)

SETUP S - S (SNMP)

SETUP S - B (password)

SETUP S - C (TSI map)

SETUP S - D (select a new TSI map)

SETUP S - E (Copy a TSI map to another)

SETUP S - F (Clear a TSI map)

SETUP S - L (Command line)

Quit to exit!

Switch Bench 1/1

Controller Menu [Setup] type: S - L Switch firmware controller bank 1 or bank2 at next reboot.

Switch Bench 1/1 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S - L Switch firmware controller bank 1 or

After need a Store Procedure and SW/HW Restart:

Press “quit” - button Esc - Z - Warm restart - y - siae

Firmware > V7.03.07 are necessary when you want update the single slot card, then It’s important return with system version V7.03.07 in the controller

41

SETUP S - G (Link backup function)

SETUP S - Q (QDS1 1:1 protection)

E1 connector

Selection between 75 or 120 is performed via hardware on the board ( jumpers )

E1 connector Selection between 75  or 120  is performed via hardware on the board

Input 75unbalanced

E1 connector Selection between 75  or 120  is performed via hardware on the board

120balanced

E1 connector Selection between 75  or 120  is performed via hardware on the board
E1 connector Selection between 75  or 120  is performed via hardware on the board

Output 75unbalanced

44

E1 connector - Hardware Settings

JUM9 JUM10 JUM2 JUM3 JUM1 JUM4
JUM9
JUM10
JUM2
JUM3
JUM1
JUM4

JUM5

JUM6

LOG U - SLOT C (E1 Board)

SLOT C - DISPLAY 1 (1 Hour Performance Report) 47

SLOT C - DISPLAY 1 (1 Hour Performance Report)

SLOT C - DISPLAY 2 (24 Hour Performance Report)

SLOT C - DISPLAY 2 (24 Hour Performance Report) 48

SLOT C - DISPLAY A (Line Availability)

SLOT C - DISPLAY C (Unit Configuration)

E1
E1
Line Code
Line Code

Line Protection Ciclic Redundant Check

SLOT C - DISPLAY C (Unit Configuration) E1 Line Code Line Protection Ciclic Redundant Check Remote

Remote Alarm Indication (in case of LOS, AIS, OOF in input

Framed/Unframed: all 1 in all TS with frame ok/not ok CAS in TS16
Framed/Unframed: all 1 in all TS with frame ok/not ok
CAS in TS16

Trans / CD01

SLOT C - DISPLAY C (Unit Configuration) E1 Line Code Line Protection Ciclic Redundant Check Remote

E1 interface type

Standard
Standard

Tone in OOS status

Facility proprietary channel

Spare bit used by FDL channel

Code used in not assigned channel

SLOT C - DISPLAY I (Unit Status)

SLOT C - DISPLAY H (Unit Alarms History)

SLOT C - DISPLAY H (Unit Alarms History) Performance alarms Remote Alarm Indic. Alarm Indic. Signal

Performance alarms

Remote Alarm Indic. Alarm Indic. Signal Loss of signal Loss of frame

SLOT C - DISPLAY Q (Unit Alarm Queue)

SLOT C - SETUP L (Unit Looback Setup)

E1 LLB LOCAL E1
E1
LLB
LOCAL
E1
PLB
PLB
SLOT C - SETUP L (Unit Looback Setup) E1 LLB LOCAL E1 PLB This field is
SLOT C - SETUP L (Unit Looback Setup) E1 LLB LOCAL E1 PLB This field is

This field is present only if “Send TEST PATTERN” is ON

54

SLOT C - SETUP S (Unit System Setup)

SLOT C - SETUP M (Unit Alarm Setup)

How to observe alarms:

1)

In every board alarms must be enabled

2)

In Controller Menu Setup alarms

3)

must be enabled In Controller Menu Display select Q

RS232 X.50 Connectors 10 X.50 board is a double size unit. 5 Double size units take
RS232 X.50 Connectors
10
X.50 board is a double size unit.
5
Double size units take as name, the first
position of the two …this is board n° 10
The LED points out the use of
the relevant port (in a map)
4
Led flashing = Signal present
1

11

57

LOG U - SLOT 10 - PORT 1 (X.50 Board)

SLOT 10 - LOG P (Choose DTE Port)

SLOT 10 - LOG P (Choose DTE Port) Configuration other interface on the same board 59

Configuration other interface on the same board

SLOT 10 - LOG P (Choose DTE Port) Configuration other interface on the same board 59

SLOT 10 - SETUP S (System Setup)

MUX (all the port in one TS), no mux sync, async-8, async -9, async-10, async-11 1.2,
MUX (all the port in one TS), no mux
sync, async-8, async -9, async-10, async-11
1.2, 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 38.4, 48, 56
PH_1, PH_2, PH_3, PH_4, PH_5, fixed
F-half, L-half, OD-pair, EV-pair, fixed

normal, inverted

SLOT 10 - SETUP S (System Setup) MUX (all the port in one TS), no mux
active, permanent Terminal Time Mode: on, off Type of port Your configuration:
active, permanent
Terminal Time Mode: on, off
Type of port
Your configuration:
SLOT 10 - SETUP S (System Setup) MUX (all the port in one TS), no mux
Troubles
Troubles

Mode, Rate and Phase must be equal on the local and on the remote equipment, otherwise the serial connection doesn’t work

X.50, the MUX function

Two way to use the 5 RS232 ports:

  • 1. 5 independent RS232, available bitrate are

    • - sync

1.2K, 2.4K, 4.8K, 9.6K, 19.2K, 38.4K, 48K, 64K

  • - async 1.2K, 2.4K, 4.8K, 9.6K, 19.2K

  • 2. 5 subrate RS232 (X.50) muxed in only one 64kb/s TS, available bitrate are

    • - sync

1.2K, 2.4K, 4.8K, 9.6K

  • - async 1.2K, 2.4K, 4.8K, 9.6K

Examples of X.50 settings

Examples of X.50 settings 62

RS232 X.50 pinout

SLOT 10 - DISPLAY I (DTE Status)

(DTE=Data Terminal Equipment)

SLOT 10 - DISPLAY I (DTE Status) (DTE=Data Terminal Equipment) Data Set Ready Clear to Send

Data Set Ready

SLOT 10 - DISPLAY I (DTE Status) (DTE=Data Terminal Equipment) Data Set Ready Clear to Send

Clear to Send Data Carrier Detect (obsolete) Data Terminal Ready Request to Send

SLOT 10 - DISPLAY I (DTE Status) (DTE=Data Terminal Equipment) Data Set Ready Clear to Send
SLOT 10 - DISPLAY I (DTE Status) (DTE=Data Terminal Equipment) Data Set Ready Clear to Send

SLOT 10 - SETUP L (Loopback test)

Loop direction
Loop direction
FAMxc to dS1
FAMxc
to dS1
SLOT 10 - SETUP L (Loopback test) Loop direction FAMxc to dS1 line to DTE This

line

to DTE
to DTE
This field is present only if “Send BERT” is ON
This field is present only if “Send BERT” is ON
SLOT 10 - SETUP L (Loopback test) Loop direction FAMxc to dS1 line to DTE This

LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1

LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel

Hardware preset config

LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
  • Software configuration

LOG U - SLOT E&M board - PORT 1 Hardware preset config Software configuration 8 channel
  • 8 channel 2 wire only or 4 wires only

SLOT E&M - DISPLAY C (System configuration)

SLOT E&M - DISPLAY I (E&M Status)

SLOT E&M - SETUP S ( System Setup)

SLOT E&M - SETUP T (Self Test)

FXS and FXO

FXS - Foreign eXchange Subscriber interface (the plug on the wall) delivers POTS service from the local phone company’s Central Office (CO) and must be connected to subscriber equipment (telephones, modems, and fax machines). In other words an FXS interface points to the subscriber. An FXS interface provides the following primary services to a subscriber device:

Dial Tone Battery Current Ring Voltage You may also see the FXS acronym rendered as Foreign eXchange System.

FXO - Foreign eXchange Office interface (the plug on the phone) receives POTS service, typically from a Central Office of the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). In other words an FXO interface points to the Telco office. An FXO interface provides the following primary service to the Telco network device:

on-hook/off-hook indication (loop closure)

Because of the characteristics described above, a telecommunications line from an FXO port must connect to an FXS port in order for the connection to work. Similarly, a line from an FXS port must connect to an FXO port in order for the connection to work. When the FXO port on your analog telephone is connected to the FXS port in the wall, you receive (FXS) service from the telephone company – and you hear a dial tone when you pick up the phone.

FXS and FXO FXS - Foreign eXchange Subscriber interface (the plug on the wall) delivers POTS

71

E&M pinout

E&M pinout 72

E&M unit - LEDs

E&M unit - LEDs E= in A=Exchange side B=User side E= out M= out M= in
E&M unit - LEDs E= in A=Exchange side B=User side E= out M= out M= in
E= in A=Exchange side B=User side E= out M= out M= in
E= in
A=Exchange side
B=User side
E= out
M= out
M= in
= LED ON = LED OFF
= LED ON
= LED OFF

Signalling type

E&M unit - LEDs E= in A=Exchange side B=User side E= out M= out M= in

73

E&M - Hardware settings

Exchange side

E&M - Hardware settings Exchange side 74

74

What is an interconnection? 5 x RS232 (X.50) V = Voice D = Data FAMxc Port
What is an interconnection?
5 x RS232 (X.50)
V = Voice
D = Data
FAMxc
Port 1
Port 2
v
Port 3
Slot A (E1)
v
E1=2Mbit/s
v
TS1
TS2
d
TS3
Source
TS4
.
.
.
Target
Interconn. 1:
Interconn. 2:
TS30
Interconn. 3:
TS31
Interconn. 4:
TS1  Port1
TS2  Port2
TS3  Port3
TS4  (X.50)
75

Example single TS cross connection 1/4

Example single TS cross connection 1/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup

Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup

time slot assigned Map1, Map2, Map3, Map4 crossconnection Target (destination): Position Slot, port, TimeSlot How many
time slot assigned
Map1, Map2, Map3, Map4 crossconnection
Target (destination): Position Slot, port, TimeSlot
How many TS must be crossconnected? Only 1 Time Slot
Delete TS Link
time slot not assigned
Data/Voice
Source: Position Slot, port, TimeSlot
Example single TS cross connection 1/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup
Example single TS cross connection 1/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup

Attention that if you press the arrow to apply the new change

SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT 8 SLOT 7 SLOT 6 SLOT 5
SLOT 12
SLOT 11
SLOT 10
SLOT 9
SLOT 8
SLOT 7
SLOT 6
SLOT 5
SLOT 4
SLOT 3
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
Controller 2
Controller 1
SLOT D
SLOT B
SLOT C
SLOT A
PSU 2
PSU 2
2Mbps
Example single TS cross connection 1/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031

Properly Procedure Cross-Connection

  • 1 – Cross connection (S – C TSI Map Setup)

  • 2 – Activate Map (S – D Select a New TSI Map)

  • 3 – Store Flash (V Store/Retrieve Configuration)

bidirectionality
bidirectionality
Example single TS cross connection 1/4 Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – C TSI Map Setup

76

64Kbps

Example single TS cross connection 2/4

Press ESC

Next steps are…

Example single TS cross connection 3/4

Controller Menu [Setup] type: S – D Select a New TSI Map Specify the current map
Controller Menu [Setup] type:
S – D Select a New TSI Map
Specify the current map
Time schedule Map
Press Y and ESC

Example single TS cross connection 4/4

Controller Menu [Setup] type: V Store/Retrieve Configuration Press Enter, Y, siae and ESC
Controller Menu [Setup] type:
V Store/Retrieve Configuration
Press Enter, Y, siae and ESC

Example multiple TS connection 1/1

Example multiple TS connection 1/1 E&M RS232 SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT
Example multiple TS connection 1/1 E&M RS232 SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT
Example multiple TS connection 1/1 E&M RS232 SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT
E&M RS232 SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT 8 SLOT 7 SLOT 6
E&M
RS232
SLOT 12
SLOT 11
SLOT 10
SLOT 9
SLOT 8
SLOT 7
SLOT 6
SLOT 5
SLOT 4
SLOT 3
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
Controller 2
Controller 1
SLOT D
SLOT B
SLOT C
SLOT A
PSU 2
PSU 2
64Kbps
2Mbps
64Kbps
64Kbps
64Kbps
64Kbps
2Mbps
64Kbps
Example multiple TS connection 1/1 E&M RS232 SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031 A 1 2 3 4 5
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031

Example test line FSX 1/1

E1 Aggregate n°1 E1 Time slot 1 L2 interface E1 Aggregate n°2 SLOT CARD 1 SLOT
E1 Aggregate n°1
E1
Time slot 1
L2 interface
E1 Aggregate n°2
SLOT CARD 1
SLOT CARD C (MQUAD)
Time slot 1
voice
E1 Aggregate n° 2 of MQUAD

SLOT FXS Line 2

Example test line FSX 1/1 E1 Aggregate n°1 E1 Time slot 1 L2 interface E1 Aggregate

Aggregate n° 1 of MQUAD

SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT 8 SLOT 7 SLOT 6 SLOT 5
SLOT 12
SLOT 11
SLOT 10
SLOT 9
SLOT 8
SLOT 7
SLOT 6
SLOT 5
SLOT 4
SLOT 3
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
Controller 2
Controller 1
SLOT D
SLOT B
SLOT C
SLOT A
PSU 2
PSU 2
MQUAD
FXS
Hw Loop
2Mbps P2
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 91011121314151617181920
2122232425262728293031
A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 91011121314151617181920 2122232425262728293031
2Mbps P1
L2
64Kbps
L1
64Kbps

Example of BERT with Physical Loop

2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port
2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user
def
Select Slot
Select Port
Test Timeout Run Test
Test Timeout
Run Test
No,Send AIS
No,Send AIS
Example of BERT with Physical Loop 2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port Test Timeout Run Test

Controller Menu [Setup]

type: T Bit Error Rate Test

Example of BERT with Physical Loop 2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port Test Timeout Run Test

2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user

def

Mapped ,Full,Select

Example of BERT with Physical Loop 2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port Test Timeout Run Test
Example of BERT with Physical Loop 2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port Test Timeout Run Test

To-Line, To-Mapped

Example of BERT with Physical Loop 2exp20-1,2exp15-1,2exp11-1,2exp9-1,user def Select Slot Select Port Test Timeout Run Test
SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT 8 SLOT 7 SLOT 6 SLOT 5
SLOT 12
SLOT 11
SLOT 10
SLOT 9
SLOT 8
SLOT 7
SLOT 6
SLOT 5
SLOT 4
SLOT 3
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
Controller 2
Controller 1
SLOT D
SLOT B
SLOT C
SLOT A
Tx
PSU 2
PSU 2
Rx

Loop with Fiber optic cable

SLOT 12 SLOT 11 SLOT 10 SLOT 9 SLOT 8 SLOT 7 SLOT 6 SLOT 5
SLOT 12
SLOT 11
SLOT 10
SLOT 9
SLOT 8
SLOT 7
SLOT 6
SLOT 5
SLOT 4
SLOT 3
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
Controller 2
Controller 1
SLOT D
SLOT B
SLOT C
SLOT A
PSU 2
PSU 2

Software or Hardware Restart

Controller Menu [MISC] type: Z Controller Reset
Controller Menu [MISC]
type: Z Controller Reset

SETUP - W (File Transfer)

1 - Install “http://tftpd32.jounin.net/”

2 – Make a connection with static Ip Address between PC and FAMxc

An external software (tftp server) is necessary

 

to manage transfering of files from/to PC

 

3 - launch Tftp32

3 - launch Tftp32

172.18.89.138

4 - Controller Menu type: W - D; Upload Configuration

SETUP - W (File Transfer) 1 - Install “http://tftpd32.jounin.net/” 2 – Make a connection with static
 

Insert ip Address of Pc

SETUP - W (File Transfer) 1 - Install “http://tftpd32.jounin.net/” 2 – Make a connection with static
SETUP - W (File Transfer) 1 - Install “http://tftpd32.jounin.net/” 2 – Make a connection with static

5 - Get file!

SETUP - W (File Transfer) 1 - Install “http://tftpd32.jounin.net/” 2 – Make a connection with static

Default Factory Configuration

Everytime that FAMxc doesn’t respond at the commands, HW Restart and press the Button ACO (until at complete restart LED ACTIVE=Blinking), this performs a factory default setting (no IP address 0.0.0.0).

A B C D
A
B
C
D
Default Factory Configuration Everytime that FAMxc doesn’t respond at the commands, HW Restart and press the

85

Alarms Notification

Front panel LEDs:

Alarm miniSlot A, B, C, D (RAI/AIS, LOF, BPV, Synch/Test)

Power (off = missing power, on= turned on)

Active (blinking = activity; off = no activity)

Alarm (off = no alarms, on = general alarms)

Alarm windows

NMS5: All alarms are listed in “Event History” or the active alarms can be monitored in a “current alarms” windows.

Who can generate alarms in a radio link system?

  • 1 ) Line Interference

    • - Using the “Performance Monitoring” ES, UAS, BES, SES, CSS, DM, AS, EFS,BPV, and BER measuring

-2 ) Hardware faulty

  • - Alarms due of a wrong configurations

  • - Faulty (using BER TEST function as a E1 generator and Loops, to check the cables interruptions and measure BER into different modules)

    • 3 ) External Event

      • - No constant 48 Volt Power supply during the day/night (FAMxc 5RU max 110Watt, FAMxc 2.5RU max 45 Watt)

      • - Humidity 0-95% RH (non-condensing).

      • - Temperature range 0° to +50° C;

87

Maintenance

Maintenance Consists of two stages:

1) Periodical checks = detect correct radio performance without the presence of no alarm.

Every 3 months or 6 months or 1 year for each equipment, perform the following operations :

  • - Save Backup of equipment

  • - Evaluate site condition (dust, opened windows, ventilation,etc

..

)

2) Corrective maintenace = takes place as soon as one or more alarms conditions are present.

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting is performed with :

  • - Reading Current Alarms and trying to figure out which part of the equipment is affected, in the following pages there is a description of alarms.

  • - Disable Loops Active

  • - Verifying E1 streams with PRBS inserted into one equipment and received on others equipment and check BER Measure.

  • - Verifying the correct initialization of the FAMxc

  • - Hot / Cold Restart (Turn off for a few minutes)

  • - Factory Default Configuration

  • - Firmware Update

  • - Replace slot with a spare part

89

Alarms list 1/5

Card

Event Name

Default Severity

Solution

Fe1

Remote Alarm Indication

Major

Alarm indication on optic card of remote FAMxc

Fe1

Alarm Indication

Major

Alarm indication signal on optic card

Fe1

Loss of signal

Critical

Check Cable

Fe1

Loss of Frame

Critical

Check Cable

Fe1

Bipolar Violation

Minor

Fe1

Errored seconds

Minor

Check Cable

Fe1

Unavailable seconds

Major

Check Cable

Fe1

Control slip second

Minor

x50

X50 connection fail

Minor

Card x50

dtu6

DTU6 line broken

Minor

dtu10

DTU10 line broken

Minor

Quade1

Remote Alarm Indication

Major

Alarm indication on Quadruple E1 card of remote FAMxc

Quade1

Alarm Indication

Major

Alarm indication signal on Quadruple E1

Quade1

Loss of signal

Critical

Check Cable

Quade1

Loss of Frame

Critical

Check Cable

Alarms list 2/5

Card

Event Name

Default Severity

Solution

Quade1

Bipolar Violation

Minor

Quade1

Errored seconds

Minor

Quade1

Unavailable seconds

Major

Quade1

Control Slip second

Minor

V35/V36

V35/V36 connection fail

Minor

G703

Loss of signal

Critical

Check Cable

Mquade1

Remote Alarm Indication

Major

Mquade1

Alarm Indication

Major

Mquade1

Loss of signal

Critical

Check Cable

Mquade1

Loss of Frame

Critical

Check Cable

Mquade1

Bipolar Violation

Minor

Mquade1

Errored seconds

Minor

Mquade1

Unavailable seconds

Major

Mquade1

Control slip second

Minor

Dry_contact

N1P1 Contact Close

Warning

Alarms list 3/5

Card

Event Name

Default Severity

Solution

Dry_contact

N1P2 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N1P3 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N1P4 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N2P1 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N2P2 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N2P3 Contact Close

Warning

Dry_contact

N2P4 Contact Close

Warning

Fom_opt

Loss of frame

Major

Check Cable

Fom_opt

Loss of signal

Major

Check Cable

Fom_opt

Remote Alarm Indication

Warning

Fom_opt

Loss of Frame – Remote

Warning

Check Cable

Fom_opt

Loss of signal - Remote

Warning

Check Cable

Fom_opt

Errored Seconds

Major

Fom_opt

Several Errored Sec.

Major

Fom_opt

Unavailable Seconds

Major

Alarms list 4/5

Card

Event Name

Default

Solution

Severity

Fom_e1

Loss of frame

Major

Check Cable

Fom_e1

Remote loss of frame

Warning

Check remote Cable

Fom_e1

Errored seconds

Major

Fom_e1

Several errored sec.

Major

Fom_e1

Unavailable seconds

Major

Fom_e1

Bipolar Violation

Major

RouterA

LAN1 – LINK DOWN

Major

Check Cable

RouterA

LAN2 – LINK DOWN

Major

Check Cable

Prim_contr

Alarm Cut Off

Warning

Prim_contr

Slot Deactivated

Critical

Prim_contr

Slot Clock Loss

Warning

Prim_contr

Primary start

Warning

Prim_contr

Redundant Loss

Warning

Replace Secondary Controller Unit

Prim_contr

Backup Software

Warning

Prim_contr

Power Fail

Critical

Replace Power Supply Unit

Alarms list 5/5

Card

Event Name

Default Severity

Solution

Prim_contr

Redundant Checksum

Warning

R

Prim_contr

Fan Fail

Warning

Replace Fan

Prim_contr

Map Switch

Warning

Prim_contr

Link Protection

Warning

dte

DTE connection fail

Minor

System Alarm Type Table

E1 Network Interface Alarm Type Table

HDSL Alarm Type Table

U-PORT Alarm Type Table

DTE-PORT Alarm Type Table

ACM Adaptive Code Modulation ACO Alarm Cut-Off ADM Add Drop Multiplexer AF Assured Forwarding AGC Automatic Gain Control AIS Alarm Indication Signal AL Access Link ALS Access Link Series AMI Alternate Mark Invertine ARP Address Resolution Protocol ASR Automatic Send Receiver ATM Asynchronous Transfer Modulator ATPC Automaric Transmit Power Control ATU Address Translation Unit BB BaseBand BBER Background Block Error Radio BCM Bit Coded Modulation BER Bit Error Rate BIP Bit Interleaved Parity BPV BiPolar Violation CC Co-Channel CCIS Common Channel Interoffice Signalling CGA Carrier Group Alarm CRC Cycle Redundancy Check CSS Control Slip Second CSU Channel Service Unit CTS Clear To Send C/I Carrier to Interference (ratio) DACS Digital Access Cross-connect System DCC Data Communication Channel DCS Digital Cross connect System DCD Data Carrier Detect DDE windows Dynamic Data Exchange DNU Do Not Use DRRS Digital Radio Relay Systems DSCP Differential Service Code Point DSP Digital Signal Processing DSR Data Set Ready DSU Data Service Unit DTE Data Terminal Equipment DTR Data Terminal Ready

ACRONYMS

DXC Digital Cross Connect E1 2 Mbit/s ECC Embedded Control Channel EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility EMI ElectroMagnetic Interference EOC Embedded Overhead Channel ERC European Radiocommunication Committee ESD ElectroStatic Discharge FDL Facility Data Link FDX Full-DupleX FEBE Far End Block Error FEC Forward Error Corrector FEM Fast Ethernet Module FTP File Transfer Protocol FXO Foreign eXchange Office FXS Foreign exchange subscriber GUI Graphical user interface HDLC High Level Data Link Control HDX Half-DupleX IAD Integrated Access Device ICSU Intelligent CSU IDU Indoor Unit IF Intermediate Frequency IpToS Type Of Service IP ISDN Integrated Service Data Network LAN Local Area Network LAPS Link Access Protocol SDH LCT Local Craft Terminal LDO Line builD-Out LED Light Emitted Diode LIM Line Interface Module LLB Line LoopBack LLF Link Loss Forwarding LO Local Oscillator LOF Loss Of Frame LOS Loss Of Signal LTI Loss of Timing Input LTM Line Terminal Mux MAC Media Access Control MCU Main Controller Unit MDI Medium Dependent Interface

MDIX Medium Dependent Interface Crossed MIB Management Information Base MMIC Monolitic Microwave Integrated Circuit MSA Multiplex Section Adaptation MSOH Multiplex Section OverHead MSP Multiplex Section Protection MST Multiplex Section Termination MTBF Mean Time Between Failure NE Network Element NMI Network Management Interface ODU Outdoor Unit OOF Out Of Frame OOM Out Of Multiframe OOF Out of frame OOS Out of service signalling OSI Open System Interconnection PABX Privat automatic branching exchange PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy PLB Payload loopback PLL Phase lock loop POH Path overhead PPI Plesiochronous Physical Interface PPP Point to Point Protocol PRC Primary Reference Clock PRBS Pseudo Random Bit Sequence PTOS Priority Type Of Service QoS Quality of Service QRSS Quasi-Random Signal Sequence RAI Remote Alarm Indication RAI AS Remote Alarm Indication Associated Signalling RFC Radio Frequency Channel RFCOH Radio Frame Complementary OverHead RFS Ready For Sending RIM Radio Interface Module RPS Radio Protection Switching RSC Receive Select Code RSL Received Signal Level RSOH Regenerator Section OverHead RSPI Radio Synhronous Physical Interface RST Regeneretion Section Termination RTC Real Time Clock RTS Request To Send

SCT Subnetwork Craft Terminal SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SEC SDH Equipment Clock SETG SDH Equipment Timing Generator SETS SDH Equipment Timing Source SFP Small form-Factor Pluggable transceiver SMTP Simple Mail Tranfer Protocol SMU SDH Multiplexing Unit SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol SOH Section OverHead SPI Synchronous Physical Interface SPM Subcriber Private Metering SSM Synchronous Status Message SSUL Synchronisation Supply Unit Local SSUT Synchronous Supply Unit Transit

STM-0 Synchronous Transport Module Level 0 (51.84 Mbit/s)

STM-1 Synchronous Transport Module Level 1 (155.52 Mbit/s)

TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TDM Time division multiplex TM Terminal multiplex TMN Telecommunications Management Network TSI Time slot interchange TSU Tributary switch unit TOS Type Of Service TTM Terminal timing mode TU Tributary Unit UDP User datagram protocol URL Uniform resource locator US Urban Synchronous radio VC Virtual Container VCO Voltage Controlled Oscillator VID Virtual Lan Identifier VLAN Virtual LAN WRR Wait Round Robin Wayside 2 Mbit/s additional traffic WFQ Weighted Fair Queuing WRR Weighted Round Robin WTR Wait to Restore

XIF Cross Improvement Factor

99

XPIC Crosspolar Interference Canceller

More info? …consult the manual

FAMxc Wideband Access DCS-MUX (mn.00146.e).pdf

Contact Siae commercial reference