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# METHOD OF MOMENTS

INTRODUCTION
Matrix Method Reduce the original function
equation to a Matrix Equation
The name Method of Moments has been given to
the mathematical procedure for obtaining the
matrix equations
First applied to EM problems in 1960s and has
become a predominant method today
The Method of Moments gives a general
procedure for treating field problems but the
details of the solution vary widely with the
particular problem

WHY MOM?

functions

Integral
Eqn
Lf=g

Subsectionalize
the Geometry

Diagonal
terms

Create Matrix
Eqn

Off diagonal
terms

Closed forms,
Approximations

Inverse Matrix

Use to
determine the
parameters of
interest

BASIC STEPS

## Formulate the problem in terms of an integral

equation
Represent the unknown quantity using a set of
basis functions
Convert the integral equation into a matrix
equation using a set of testing functions
Solve the matrix equation and calculate the
desired quantities

BASIC PRINCIPLE
convert the governing equation of a given
To
boundary value problem into a matrix equation
that can be solved numerically on a computer.
Consider the equation

Where

Let
domain of L as

## Where are constants and are called basis

functions
Using Linearity one has
Now define a set of weighting functions in the
range of and take the inner product with each
yielding

## Let us discuss each of the steps involved in detail

CONSTRUCTION OF INTEGRAL
EQUATION
Maxwells Equations
Vector Greens theorem
Volume and surface relations
Limiting Processes
Stratton-Chu integral representation
Boundary conditions
Integral Equations

APPLICATIONS : ELECTROSTATIC
CASE

## Where: is the potential

Poisson Equation:
Well known potential function

Note:

AND MOM

## Integral Eqn: Let at z=0 on plate

Maxwells Equations

## Vector Greens Theorem

Choose Q as

Stratton-Chu
Formula
In the vector Greens Theorem choose

On simplifying we get

E FIELD INTEGRAL
REPRESENTATION

Integral Representation

## With r on Scatterer and E and H are total fields

H FIELD INTEGRAL
REPRESENTATION

Integral Representation

## RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NORMAL

AND TANGENTIAL COMPONENTS

For PEC

BASIS FUNCTIONS

## The second step in the moment method is to

expand the unknown function of the integral
equation terms of basis functions
Two classes i)Entire Domain
ii) Subdomain
We mostly use Sub domain functions in EM
problems

HOW TO CHOOSE?

## Decide what the final parameters of interest are

Understand the nature of Integral/Differential
operators
Use basis functions which demonstrate the
physical characteristics of the expanding
quantities

## Piecewise linear (triangle)

Piecewise Sinusoid

Truncated Cosine

TESTING FUNCTIONS

## convert an integral equation into a matrix

To
equation we have to choose a set of testing
functions

## Commonly use testing functions:

1. Dirac Delta:

Point collocation
2. Galerkins formulation: Basis fn = testing fn

APPLICATIONS : ELECTROSTATIC
CASE

## Where: is the potential

Poisson Equation:
Well known potential function

Note:

AND MOM

## Subsection and point matching solution

Define basis functions
Let

Then
Satisfy at midpoint of each

MoM interpretation

Numerical
Considerations
Matrix Element

## Self patch: m=n

Closed form
for circular patch

diagonal terms
Off
Closed form
Numerical Integration
Combinations
Simple approximation

## Determining the matrix elements is sometimes the

most important and time consuming aspect of MoM