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(Software: NISA)

[Generally

speaking]

a powerful computational technique

for the solution of differential and

integral equations that arise in various

fields of engineering and applied

sciences;

[Mathematically]

a

variational (Ritz) and weighted-residual

(Galerkin, least-squares, etc.) methods.

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

Motivation

Most

are

complex, may have different boundary

conditions on different portions of the

boundary.

Therefore,

1. To find a solution analytically (so one must

resort to approximate methods),

2.

To generate approximation functions

required in the traditional variational methods.

An answer to these problems is a finiteelement approach.

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

A

assemblage of simple geometric

shapes, called finite elements, for

which

it

is

possible

to

systematically

generate

the

approximation functions.

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

Remarks:

The

shape functions or interpolation functions

since they are often constructed using

ideas from interpolation theory.

The finite element method is a piecewise (or

element-wise) application of the variational

and weighted-residual methods.

For a given BVP, it is possible to develop

different finite element approximations (or

finite element models), depending on the

choice of a particular variational and weightedresidual formulation.

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

Basic

object with simple blocks (e.g. LEGO) or

divide a complicated object into

manageable small pieces.

Example:

approximation of an area of a

circle

Area

of one triangle:

Area of the circle:

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

How

1.Divide

2.Describe

behavior of the physical

quantities in each element

3.Connect (assemble) the elements at the

nodes to form an approximate system of

equations for the whole structure

4. Solve the system of equations involving

unknown quantities at the nodes (e.g.

displacements)

5.Calculate desired quantities (e.g. strains

and stresses) at selected elements

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

FEM

arbitrary shapes. Originally designed for

problems in static elasticity.

FEM is the most widely applied computer

simulation method in engineering.

The required grid generation techniques are

interfaced with graphical techniques (CAD).

Today numerous commercial FEM software

is available (e.g. ANSYS,ABAQUS, NISA, etc.)

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

1. Geometry Creation

Creation of grids

Creation of lines

Creation of patches

2. Material Property

3. Physical Properties

4. Mesh generation

5. Node Management

6. Boundary conditions

Displacement

7. Loads

8. Type of analysis- executive

9. Title

10. Load Case

11. Print Control

12. Save files

13. Static analysis

Execute the NISA file

14. Post Processing

26.dat

15. Deformations

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

Launch the software using desktop ICON

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

10

New window appears

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

11

New window appears

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

12

window

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

13

Introduction to the Finite Element

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

14

The Grid point 0/0/0 is displayed (Circled in RED color )

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

15

The FOUR Grid points are visible (0/0/0, 0/10/0, 10/10/0, 10/0/0)

by Jeetender Singh

linesMethod

Kushawaha

16

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

17

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

18

Two line created and similarly complete the four lines

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

19

Create the patch using the lines

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

20

The patch (1, shown in RED) is created using lines ( Shown in YELLOW)

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

21

Enter Material propery FEM>FE model data> Material property

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

22

Enter the material property E = 200 e 6 and Poisson ratio 0.3

Add > OK

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

23

Enter Material propery FEM>FE model data> Property Data

Element is shell

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

24

Enter Thickness as 1 and select number of nodes as 8 > OK

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

25

Now for mesh generation: FEM > Mesh > FEG option > Quadrilateral

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

26

Accept the defaults : Number of elements 3/3,

Click on element type and new window opens for

stiffness type

Select 2 D plane stress > OK

Select Patch > new window opens

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

27

Select the patch 1 created earlier

by new

Jeetender

Singh

Click Method

Create

window

opens

Kushawaha

28

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

29

Select YES All and Cancel

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

30

Now for node management: FEM > Nodes > Node Management> Merge N

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

31

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

32

Select all Click OK > OK Yes All> Cancel

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

33

Now for Boundary Conditions: FEM > Structural BC > Displacement > Add

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

34

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

35

Select All Zero > OK, Now Select Node IDs New window opens

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

36

Select one by one the nodes on the left edge, Create > Yes all > Cancel

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

37

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

38

Apply load : FEM > Structural BC > Force/ Moment > Add on

nodes

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

39

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

40

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

41

> Click Create > Yes all > Cancel

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

42

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

43

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

44

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

45

Analysis/Static > Execution setup > new window opens > Run

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

46

Run NISA > yes all > New window runs through > Type y and enter

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

47

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

48

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

49

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

50

Method by Jeetender Singh

Kushawaha

51

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