You are on page 1of 8




SEM: Ivth
Topic: engine oil

Motor oil or engine oil is an oil used for lubrication of
various internal combustion engines. The main function
is to lubricate moving parts; it also cleans, inhibits
corrosion, improves sealing, and cools the engine by
carrying heat away from moving parts.[1]
Motor oils are derived from petroleum-based and nonpetroleum-synthesized chemical compounds. Motor oils
today are mainly blended by using base oils composed
of hydrocarbons, polyalphaolefins (PAO), and
polyinternal olefins[2] (PIO), thus organic compounds
consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. The base
oils of some high-performance motor oils however
contain up to 20% by weight of esters.[

Types of Motor Oil

Motor oil can be segmented into four basic varieties
synthetic oil, synthetic blends, high mileage oil and
conventional oil.
Synthetic motor oil is a laboratory synthesis of
precisely controlled ingredients created by oil engineers,
scientists and chemists. When combined with a highperformance additive package, this results in an oil with
the highest levels of lubrication and engine protection,
generally offering better protection at startup, better
cleansing qualities, enhanced durability and better
protection against heat buildup.
Synthetic blend motor oils use a mixture of synthetic
and conventional base oils for added resistance to
oxidation (compared to conventional oil) and to provide
excellent low-temperature properties and are
recommended for cars, trucks, vans and SUVs that

High-mileage motor oil is specially blended for older vehicles,

or vehicles with higher mileage. Typically, 75,000 miles (120,000
kilometers) is the figure used regarding high mileage oil. Some
high mileage, high-performance cars, however, will be better
served by continuing to use a synthetic motor oil. That said, a
special high mileage motor oil blend, with its unique additives and
viscosity, helps reduce oil burn-off, helps in sealing oil leaks and
helps improve combustion chamber sealing to help restore engine
compression. It all adds up to enhanced performance in older
Conventional motor oil is what its name impliesit uses base
oils enhanced in the blending process with chemical additives to
help meet the manufacturer's desired levels of heat tolerance,
breakdown resistance and viscosity (viscosity simply being a
technical term for the thickness and fluidity of the oil).
Conventional motor oil can be had in a range of viscosity grades
and quality levels, from adequate to an extensively designed,
high-quality lubricant. Conventional motor oil is recommended for
drivers with low-mileage, late-model cars whose driving habits
can be described as routinecommuting, running errands,
vacation driving at relaxed cruising speeds. Today more and more

Containts of oil:
a number of additives that are put in to keep your engine
clean and to "move the impurities" on into the oil filter
(which hopefully removes them form the oil!l) Among the
additives are detergent agents (unless non-detergent oil),
anti-acid ingredients, stabalizers (they help keep the
viscosity up when it gets hot). Some also have "mettalic
additives" like molibdiumum., and chrme among others! we
just added a can of "additives" like alemite CD-2, - or
Rislone, and it was ready for several thousand miles more!
Later on (after I got married 40+ years ago), I would take it
to a oil "reclaiming" place in town, you took in a 5 gallon
can of oil, and exchanged it for 5 gallons of re-claimed oil, -this oil cost about 25 cents a quart, all you had to do from
there,- is put in your additive and away you went . But now
we are "saving the planet" by doing away with this oil in
some other fashion, - so now we have to have a steady
supply of "new petroleum" oil to make new oil from!--- I



About 0.8

density is 899.1 kg/m^3

at 0 C

Thank you!!!