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WHO WAS TO BLAME FOR THE COLD WAR?

BY: audrey lewis

WHEN DID THE COLD WAR STARTED?

1947 – 1991

America and USSR were the main countries involved in the cold war

WHEN DID THE COLD WAR STARTED?  1947 – 1991  America and USSR were the

THE YALTA CONFERENCE

In February of 1945, the allied leaders Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill were present at the Yalta,

conference

..

The three agreed on the following:

1.

Stalin would enter the USSR into the war against Japan.

2.

Germany would be divided into four zones. The four zones would be the American, French, British

and Soviet zones. Berlin would also be divided into these four zones.

3.

They would all punish the individuals who were responsible for the concentration camps and the ill

treatment of the Jews etc.

 

4.

All the countries that were liberated from Germany would elect a government they desired by free

and fair elections.

 

5.

They would all join the United Nations (UN) which took over from the League of Nations to

preserve peace.

 

THE POTSDAM CONFERENCE

Germany had surrendered in WWII and Hitler had committed suicide. The three allied powers once again met, but this time in Potsdam, Germany. The relationship of the three allied leader were however affected this time around for the following reasons:

1.

Stalin was having his armies occupy most of Eastern Europe. By July 1945, the

USSR was controlling Poland, Finland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and the Baltic states.

2.

President Roosevelt of the USA died and Vice-President Harry Truman took over. He

was however an aggressive leader.

3.

An atomic bomb was tested in the desert of the USA.

WHAT DID AMERICA DO?

- At Yalta, Roosevelt did not define what was meant by a sphere of influence

- Roosevelt showed a lack of trust in Stalin -USA tested the atomic bomb - caused tensions between the countries -Marshall Aid -NATO

WHAT DID THE USSR DO?

- Cominform - Comecon -Warsaw Pact - Took over countries that were freed by Germany

FOR BOTH TO BE BLAME

- lack of trust between leaders - interested in own interests -ideological difference

WHO WAS TO BL AME FO R THE WAR ?

COL D

1.

The USSR is at fault. This is so because Stalin had desired to dominate the

world under Communism. His takeover of Eastern Europe was seen to be his first step towards this.

2.

The USA is at fault. This is so because the USA wanted to control and

influence her sphere of influence without any intervention by another nation but she wouldn’t allow the USSR to do the same for her sphere of influence. As a

result, any action taken on the part of the USSR is seen to be defensive.

3.

Neither the USSR nor the USA is at fault. This is so because the Cold war

is seen to be an inevitable war that was beyond the control of the two.

THANK YOU