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Telecom Industry
India is the fastest growing mobile phone
market in the world.The booming telecom
industry has been attracting large amount
of investments in the country.
The Telecom Sector witnessed substantial
growth in the number of subscribers
during the year 2014-15.
The number of telephone subscriptions in
India is 933.01 million.
The wireless subscriber base was 904.51
million as on 31st December 2015.
The wireline subscriber base was 28.50
million as on 31st December 2015.

Market Share

Market Share

Bharti Airtel
Bharti Airtel Limited, commonly
known as Airtel, is an Indian
telecommunications services
company headquartered at New
Delhi, India.
It operates in 20 countries across
Asia and Africa.
Airtel has GSM network in all
countries in which it operates,
providing 2G, 3G and 4G services
depending upon the country of
Airtel had over 351 million customers
across its operations at the end of
December 2015.

Bharti Airtel
Established on July 07, 1995, as a Public Limited
The company ranks amongst the top 4 mobile service
providers globally in terms of subscribers.
The company is structured into four strategic business
units -- mobile, telemedia, enterprise and digital TV.
Sunil Bharti Mittal - Chairman.
Gopal Vittal Managing Director.
In March 2010, Bharti Airtel bought the African
operations of Kuwait-based Zain Telecom for $10.7
In 2014, Bharti planned to acquireLoop Mobilefor INR
700 crores, but the deal was called off later.


Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited(abbreviatedBSNL) is

an Indianstate-ownedtelecommunicationscompany
headquartered inNew Delhi,India.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.was incorporated on 15th
September 2000.
BSNL has 93.29 million cellular customers.
BSNL is miles ahead of its rivals, with 24.58 million
wireline phone subscribers i.e. 62.71% share of the
wireline subscriber base.
Key people : Anupam Shrivastava (Chairman & MD)
Revenue : 279 billion(2014)
Net income : -Rs.8234.09 Crores(2014)
Employees : 2,25,512 (2015)

Vodafone India, formerlyVodafone EssarandHutchison
Essar, is thesecond largest mobile network
It is based inMumbai, Maharashtraand which operates
The company commenced operations in 1994 when its
predecessor Hutchison Telecom acquired the cellular
license for Mumbai.
It is the world's leading international mobile
communications group with approximately 180 million
proportionate customers as of December 2015.
Has a market share of 19.21%.
Vodafone Angel Store, is a first of its kind retail concept
store, that is completely managed and run by women

1992: Hutchison Whampoa and MAX group establish
Hutchison Max
2000: Acquisition of Delhi operations and entry into
Kolkata and Gujarat markets through Essar
2001: Won auction for licences to operate GSM
services in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and
A 'You and I' print advertisement of Hutch featuring
Cheeka (dog)
2003: Acquired AirCel Digilink which operated in
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh East and Haryana
telecom circles and rebranded it 'Hutch'.
2005: Acquired BPL Mobile operations in 3 circles.

2007: Vodafone acquires a 67% stake in Hutchison Essar
for $10.7 billion. The company is renamed Vodafone
Essar. 'Hutch' is rebranded to 'Vodafone'.
2011: Vodafone Group buys out its partner Essar from its
Indian mobile phone business. It paid $5.46 billion to
take Essar out of its 33% stake in the Indian subsidiary.
It left Vodafone owning 74% of the Indian business.
Vodafone Essar Limited becomes Vodafone India
2013: Vodafone files FIPB application to increase stake to
100% in Vodafone India (following 100% FDI in Telecom
Vodafone receives FIPB clearance to increase stake to
100% in India unit.
2014: Vodafone India is fully owned by Vodafone Group.


Reliance Communications Ltd.(commonly

calledRCOM) is an
headquartered inNavi Mumbai, India.
RCOM is the world's15th largest mobile phone
operatorwith over 110 million subscribers.
Established on 2004, a subsidiary of the Reliance
It has established a pan-India, high-capacity,
integrated (wireless and wireline), convergent (voice,
data and video) digital network to offer services.
Key people : Anil Ambani(Chairman)
Vinod Sawhny (CEO)
Revenue : US$3.6billion
Employees : 18,070(2015)

Part of the RIL lead by Mukesh D. Ambani
The three-pronged focus on broadband
networks, affordable smartphones and the
availability of rich content and applications.
Jio is offering a unique combination of telecom,
high speed data, digital commerce, media and
payment services.
In addition to the existing pan India 2300 MHz
spectrum and 1800 MHz in 14 circles, Jio
invested over Rs 10,000 crore during this year's
auction to acquire 800 MHz spectrum in 10
circles and 1800 MHz spectrum in 6 circles.

Jio has cumulative investment in spectrum
assets to nearly Rs 34,000 crores.
Reliance Jio has laid more than 2.5 lakh
kilometres of fibre-optic cables, covering 18,000
cities and over one lakh villages, with the aim of
covering 100% of the nations population by
Reliance Jio has also built nearly half-a-million
square feet of cloud data centres and a multiTerabit capacity international network.
Financial year 2016-17 will be the first full year
of commercial operations.

Idea Cellular
In 1995 incorporated as Birla Communications
In 2002 Changed name to Idea Cellular Limited and
launched "Idea" brand name.
IDEA Cellular is a publicly listed company, having
listed on BSE & NSE in March 2007.
It is the 3rd largest mobile services operator in India
with wireless revenue market share at 18.2 % in
Idea Cellular is part of the Aditya Birla Group.
Idea was the first cellular service provider to launch
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and Enhanced
Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) in the country.

Idea Cellular
Kumar Mangalam Birla is the Chairman of the
Mr. Himanshu Kapania - Managing Director
Idea operates across all 22 service areas with 2G
services and 3G services spread in over 7513
towns and 3,63,580 villages.
Idea has a network of over 97,000 2G and 3G cell
sites covering the entire length and breadth of the
Idea has nearly 4,000 Service Centres servicing
Idea subscribers across the country, including over
650 special Experience Zones for 3G promotion.

Idea Cellular

Tata Communications Limited (formerlyVSNL) is

an Indian globaltelecommunications
companylocated inMumbai.
Founded : 1986
Tata Communications reported revenue of Rs
11,000 crore.
Mr. Subodh Bhargava- Chairman
Vinod Kumar is the Managing Director and Group
CEO of Tata Communications.
Tata Communications acquiredTeleglobe, a
company based in Canada, andDishnetDSL, an
Indian company, and is the largest shareholder
in South African operator Neotel.

VSNL was the first IndianPSUto be listedyin

theNYSEin 2000.
In 2002 Tata Communications acquired a 45%
stake in VSNL.
On 13 February 2008 VSNL, formerly owned by
theGovernment, was taken over by theTata
Groupand renamed Tata Communications Ltd.
In 2009 Tata Communications and TYCO
telecommunications complete TGN-intra Asia
cable system.

Established in 1996, Tata Teleservices, has its

network in 20 circles.
It is the first company to launch CDMA mobile
services in India.
It launched mobile operations in January 2005
under the brand name Tata Indicom. It enjoys a
pan-India presence through existing operations in
all of India's 22 telecom circles.
In November 2008, Japanese telecom giantNTT
Docomopicked up a 26 per cent equity stake in
Tata Teleservices for about US$2.38 billion.
Tata Docomo was the first to pioneer the persecond tariff option part of its Pay for What You
Use pricing paradigm.

Tata Teleservices operates under five different brands - Tata Indicom (CDMA services),
Tata DOCOMO (GSM services),
Virgin Mobile,
Tata Walky,
Tata Photon and
T24 Mobile.
Tata Teleservices Ltd, along with Tata Teleservices
(Maharashtra) Ltd, serves nearly 70 million customers
in more than 450,000 towns and villages across the
Mr. Srinath Narasimhan - Managing Director

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited(MTNL) is

astate-ownedtelecommunications service
provider in the metro cities ofMumbai andNew
DelhiinIndia, Nepaland in the island nation
The company had amonopolyin Mumbai and
Delhi until 1992, when the telecom sector was
opened to other service providers.
The company has achieved a customer base of
8.06 million in the two metro cities of Delhi and
The Government of Indiacurrently holds
56.25% stake in the company.

P. K. Purwar - Chairman & Managing

"Transparency makes us different" is the
motto of the company.
Evolution of the Name:
'Maha' = big or great
'Nagar' = city or town
'Mahanagar' = metropolis or megacity
'Nigam' = venture or enterprise.

MTNL was set up on 1 April 1986 by theGovernment of
Indiawith the aim of upgrading the quality of telecom
services, expanding the telecom network, introducing new
services and raising revenue for the telecom development
needs of India's key metros -Delhiand Mumbai.
MTNL's history in Mumbai dates back to 1882 when a
company called Bombay Telephone was founded. Bombay
Telephone set up the first Telephone exchange in Mumbai
on 28 January 1882.
Delhi's first telephone system with manual exchange was
established in 1911.
MTNL has set up a wholly owned subsidiary
calledMahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited
(MTML)inMauritius, providingmobileand international
long distance services.
MTNL is present inNepalthrough its Joint Venture United
Telecom Limited (UTL).