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GARBAGE What are thrown away may be the closest thing we can come to our polluting the earth. Garbage can be easily touched, seen and smelled. This growing accumulation of rubbish depresses land values, increase thick, and ruins health, aesthetics and necessities of life. CONT. Everyday, the people of a limited state churn out more than 432,000 tons of garbage. Over 80% of it is carted to landfills. Around the globe, this torrent of waste-toxic and non-toxic has run smack up against the “NIMBY” mindset. Not In My Backyard” is a shout heard around the world. Our garbage problems worsen because most consumer are designed for a one night stand. CITIZENS DIVIDE THEIR DISCARD INTO FOUR CATEGORIES: a. b. c. d. biodegradables/no n-bioderadables Combustibles/noncombustibles Recyclables/nonrecyclables Hazardous waste WASTES CAUSES OF GARBAGE Effects of throw-away and disposable society 2. Overpopulation of people on earth who are responsible for creating lots of garbage. 3. Overproduction of packaging materials, bottles, diapers and other non-degradables materials 1. CONT. Overproduction of newspapers, plastic bags, and containers made up of styrofoams or polystyrene foams which are difficult to recycle 5. Lawn clipping make up about a fifth of all garbage in landfills 6. Medical waste or infectous waste (“red bag”) is a growing problem 4. CONT. Tires that are designed to last their durability have become a big problem. 8. Household wastes, both degradable and nondegradable, are thrown everywhere in metro Manila and other major cities in the Philippines 7. EFFECTS OF GARBAGE 1. 2. A torrent of garbage thrown away every year-more than 400 million tons worldwide Accumulated garbage pile as the result of a throw away society with an average garbage composition 35% for paper, 18% yard waste, 13 % food waste, 10% glass, 10 % metal, 5% plastic, 4 % wood, 3% textile and 2 % other wastes CONT. No available dumpsites. Garbage is increasing transported to dumpsites across the city, state and national borders. 5. The use of an incinerator, an alternative to landfills, may produce more pollution, especially the toxic ash left after burning. 6. Recycling technology is increasingly practiced around the world. 4. SOLID WASTE AND ITS DISPOSAL 1. landfill-a sanitary landfill is designed to reduce the amount of waste that leaks out of it into the environment 2. Inceneration-one way to reduce the volume of waste that must go to the landfill is to burn it first. 3. Ocean dumping-about 50 million tons of waste are discharged into the ocean, 300 kilometers off-shore DISPOSALS CONT. 4. a. 1. 2. 3. Garbology Individual action Reuse the item whenever possible Encourage source reduction Precycle. A new concept, it implies simply that you should consider the end result of everything you buy and where it will eventually rest CONT. 4. Compost the natural degradable organic wastes 5. Burning anything, from leaves to paper, creates toxic emissions. 6. Reuse and recycles plastics 7. Reuse returnable and refillable glass bottles. 8. Buy or shop where you get fruits and vegetables without plastics wrappings. 9. Wash and reuse plastic and silverware plate. Use paper plates instead Styrofoam. CONT. 10. Save paper whenever possible, reuse paperbags, scrap paper for notes 11. Carry you own paper or plastic bags; reuse them many times. 12. Buy durable products like cloth napkins, silver wares etc. 13. When things break, repair them. 14. Share newspaper and magazines with others CONT. 15. Have garage sales or charity pickups rather than simply throwing away household goods you’ve tired of 16. Buy nickle cadmium batteries 17. Consider recycling: encourage recycled and recyclable goods at work 18. Buy recycled printing and writing paper 19. Carry your own clean forks, knives, spoons and plastic straw and cup CONT. 20. Join an opposition to use of incenerators. 21. Save magazines, styrofoams, etc children’s arts and crafts b. Government action: 1. 2. 3. Recycle should be adopted in every nation, state and community. Encourage recycling operations Deposits laws for bottles and cans should be mandated in all states CONT. 4. Garbage collection should be paid for by users’s fees 5. Higher taxes should be imposed on non-recylced or disposable products. 6. non-degradable plastic should be banned. 7. Packaging standards for both retail and wholesale merchandise should be required. MANAGING OUR SOLID WASTE Why we? That explains why we need to act. As part of the problem-because we produce garbage ourselves-we can also be a part of the solution by reducing our contribution to the waste problem WHY NOW? Because at rate we are producing waste, we will soon find ourselves buried in our own trash, or shall we say, we will soon be having more of our human-made mountains of garbage amidst us. REPUBLIC ACT (R.A) NO. 9003, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 1. What is R.A 9003? Provides the legal framework for the country’s systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that shall ensure protection of public health and the environment. WHAT ARE THE SALIENT FEATURES OF R.A NO. 9003 a. b. Creation of the National Solid waste Management Board Ecology Center (NEC) and the solid waste Management Board in every province, city and municipality in the country. Formulation of the national solid waste 10-year solid management plans by local government units consistent with the national solid waste management plans CONT. c. Mandatory segregation of solid waste to be conducted primarily at the source such as household, institution, industrial, commrcial and agricultural sources d. Setting of minimum requirements to ensure systematic collection and transport of wastes and the proper protection of the helath of garbage collectors CONT. Establishment of reclamation problems and buy back centers for recyclable and toxic materials f. Promotion of eco-labeling in local products and packaging g. Prohibition on non-environmentally acceptable products and packaging h. Establishment of materials recovery facility in every barangay or cluster of barangays e. CONT. i. j. k. l. Prohibition against the use of open dumps Setting of guidelines/criteria for the establishment of controlled dumps and sanitary landfills Provision of rewards, fiscal and non-fiscal incentives, financial assistance, grants, and the like to encourage LGUs and the general public to undertake effective solid waste management and Promotion of research on solid waste management and environmental education in the formal and non-formal sectors. HOW CAN WE HELP SOLVE WASTE PROBLEM? There are many ways to do it. A highly recommended formula is to adopt the 3Rs of ecological waste management REDUCE, REUSE, AND RECYCLE. LET US REFRAIN FROM DOING WHAT HAVE BEEN PROHIBITED UNDER THE LAW INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE FF. A. Littering, throwing , dumping of waste materials in public places like roads, sidewalks, canals, esteros, parks and estalishment; B. Open burning of solid waste C. Allowing the collection of non-segregated or unsorted waste. D. Squatting in open dumps and landfills E. Open dumping or burying of biodegrable and non biodegradable materials in flood-prone areas CONT. f. Unauthorized removal of recyclable material intended for collection by authorized persons g. Mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other solid waste collection or disposal. h. manufacture, distribution or use of nonenvironmentally acceptable packaging materials. i. Establishment or operation of open dumps; and j. Importation of consumer products packaged in non- environmentally acceptable materials THANK YOU FOR LISTENING  Precycling may take a little more work in some cases...but an ounce of prevention is the main ingredient here!