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Theorizing Caribbean

Development
Marxist + Neo-Marxist +
Caribbean Perspective on
British Capitalism.
Zhalene and Kurnika

economic and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death in 1883. however. This very success. Karl Marx. historian and revolutionary. the fact that Marx delayed publication of many of his writings meant that is been only recently that scholars had the opportunity to appreciate Marx's intellectual stature. Until quite recently almost half the population of the world lived under regimes that claim to be Marxist. his social. is without a doubt the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century. Although he was largely ignored by scholars in his own lifetime. has meant that the original ideas of Marx have often been modified and his meanings adapted to a great variety of political circumstances. social scientist. In addition. .KARL MARX 1818-83 The philosopher.

no class divisions. • Proletariat: working class • Bourgeoisie: ruling class • Polarisation: as used by Marxist regarding capitalist societies: as the rich get richer. a society with no private property. • False consciousness: where members of the working class are blind to their exploitation and real interests and their attention is diverted away from their trough sources of their oppression. • A class in itself: when workers become aware of their exploitation by the ruling class but are still in a state of false class consciousness. • Alienation: where people have become passive and dehumanised and strangers from themselves. • Communist society: according to Marx. . they increasingly distance themselves from the poorer groups.Overview of the Marxist perspective. no capitalist and no working classes. no antagonistic groups. no human alienation no exploitation.

Marxist? .Who is a Neo.

where there was class conflict on the estates Haitian Rev. Berbice Rev. LIVING CONDITIONS *SIGN OF DEVELOPMENT OCCURING . In the Caribbean this impact of Marxism is evident Ie: Slavery . where there is change accelerating there is Development occurring. IMPACT ON SOCITAL INSTITUTIONS: EDUCATION. *Marxist believe that Social Change is revolutionary because of class conflict that exist between the ruling class and working class. Jamaica Rev etc For Marxist a revolution would bring about change in society. The impact that Marxism would have on society for social change which would result to development = REVOLUTION.Impact of Marxism on Caribbean Society *In order for development to occur their must be Social Change. HEALTHCARE.

Impact of Marxism on Caribbean Politics IMPACTE D ON CUBA PROMOTING A COMMUNIST STATE OR A COMMUNISTS POLTICAL SYSTEM EVERYONE EQUAL EQUAL LAWS NO CLASS DIVISION EQUAL SYSTEM IMPACTE D ON GUYANA NO CLASS CONFLI CT .

DOCTOR + LAWYER+ TEACHER+ JANITOR SIMILAR SALARY . COMMUNISTS SYSTEM = EQUALITY IN SOCIETY.Impact of Marxism on Caribbean Economy • With the impact of the Marxists view on the political system of a country leads to the impact on the economy.

EXAMPLE OF COMMUNISTS STATE CUBA IMPACT. • POSITIVE IMPACT • Universal literacy and a good education for all. • There is very little serious crime. . • Excellent free healthcare system. • There are few neon signs and advertising billboards. no McDonalds and no foreign newspapers or satellite TV. • NEGATIVE IMPACT • Depts. • Need to turn to international money agencies • Dependency ratio would be relatively high.

political. .WHAT IS CAPITALISM? An economic. and social system in which property. directed towards making the greatest possible profits for successfulorganizations and people. business. and industry are privately owned.

He showed that the Caribbean slave plantations was an early form of capitalist enterprise and that the surplus value generated drove the engine of the Industrial revolution and what was to become the advance capitalist society of Britain. Capitalism and Slavery by Dr Eric Williams has been the most influential scholarly work from a Caribbean historian about the Caribbean and its relation to the world. effects of slavery and the cause of its abolition. Background and its impact on the society.The Caribbean Perspective on British Capitalism. economy and politics. Capitalism and Slavery launched a full scale attack against this institution with a concrete argument. Caribbean perspective on British capitalism focus on the historical experience of the Caribbean in tracing the origin of our social and economic problem today. . British colonialism was still embedded deeply in Caribbean culture. Williams took an unorthodox but highly logical and justified stance on the commerce of African slaves. The historical setting is important in looking at the impact of the publication of Capitalism and Slavery.

played a major role in the abolition of the slave trade and slavery. in turn. . slavery was very profitable but prior to the ending of the slave trade it began to decline in profitability. Williams links the commerce of African slaves and the British economy to show evidence of the development of British capitalism. with “mature industrial capitalism” the stage was now set for the abolition of slavery. This. Therefore.• The book has continued to be at the forefront of the discussion on the commerce of African slaves and the abolition of slavery. In Williams’ view.

sought to keep colonies in an economicaly. to examine how capitalism. historian and political analyst. To set the record straight". under colonialism. using comparative standards. wrote the now famous book. Rodney declared. but by exploitation. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. "four operations are required. Africa today is underdeveloped in relation to Western Europe and a few other parts of the world. not by the separate evolution of Africa on the one hand and Europe on the other. and that the present position has been arrived at. Rodney set out his proposition as fact at the start of his second chapter: "It has been shown that.• Dr Walter Rodney of Guyana." .

is analysis of Europe's contribution to Africa's present 'underdeveloped' state. which is the essence of the book. . • The third operation is an analysis of Africa's contribution to Europe's present state (reminiscent of Eric Williams' equally famous study. Capitalism and Slavery).• The first is a reconstruction of the nature of development in Africa before the coming of the Europeans. • The second is the reconstruction of the nature of development which took place in Europe before expansion abroad. • The fourth.

• Rodney's Marxist historiography perspective is very clear. imperialist and colonialist exploitation. He launches his study with an extensive 1964 quotation from the Latin American revolutionary Che Guevara which proclaimed "The surging growth of the countries in the socialist camp" vis a vis capitalist ones." • In Rodney's view underdevelopment "expresses a particular relationship of exploitation the exploitation of one country by another. All of the countries named as 'underdeveloped' are exploited by others. • Rodney himself boldly declared that. and the underdevelopment with which the world is now pre-occupied is a product of capitalist. . "It is one of the functions of those who justify capitalism (bourgeois writers) to try to pretend that capitalism is here to stay. A glance at the remarkable advance of socialism over the last 50-odd years will show that the apologists for capitalism are spokesmen of a social system that is rapidly expiring. and which called for the complete elimination of capitalist exploitation as "The only way to solve the questions now besetting mankind".

. of all places. demonstrated that.• Walter Rodney's answers to "Some Questions on Development" are nothing short of a fulsome socialist homily and a bitter anti-capitalist polemic.T. It is therefore obvious that their backwardness cannot be explained by colonial domination or international social stratification". P. the London School of Economics as well as a fellow at Cambridge University. "the poorest and most backward countries have until recently had no external economic contacts and often have never been Western colonies. He got blown up back in his native Guyana in 1980 before recent history (not mere theory) so thoroughly discredited the most fundamental elements of his framework of analysis. Bauer one of the world's leading economists. • Challenging the thesis of "Western responsibility for Third World backwardness". who has been Professor of Economics at.

pdf • http://ebooks.cambridge.historyguide.org/reviews/showrev.uk/americas/35627/pros-and-cons-communis m-cuba • Article: http://www.caricom.BIBLIOGRAPHY • Cape Sociology text by Carlton Chinapoo et al. • Newspaper: http://www.org/chapter.org/jsp/regional_news/eric_wi lliams_essay_competition_peters.php?id=89 18 .co.HTML • Website: http://www.org/intellect/marx.jsf?bid =CBO9780511572722&cid=CBO9780511572722A008 • http://www.theweek.h-net.