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NI Multisim 10

Mixer design parameter

Conversion Gain

Noise Figure

Isolation

Linearity-

1dB Compression point:

Intermodulation (IM3) performance

(The IM3 performance is often summarised by giving the 3rd Order

Intercept point (IM3 Intercept)

Basic circuit of the Gilbert Cell Double

balanced mixer (DBM)

Design steps:

(1) Select a value for Rs. If we start with the LNA design ,

Rs will be realized by an inductor Ls.

required to calculate the voltage overdrive (Vgs-VT).

with a suitable load resistance.

minimum L allowed and assuming that the overdrive

voltage (Vgs-VT) will be between 0.2 and 0.4V.

Design Criteria

Parameter Specification Units

Frequency 2.45 to 2.85 GHz

Noise Figure (DSB) < 10 dBm

IIM3 Intercept Point (Input) >20 dBm

Voltage Gain >8 dB

Power consumption <100 mW

Load impedance 500 ohms

Voltage Supply ± 2.5 V

Design Step 1:

CMOS14 0.5um

we have:

L = 0.6um

µ0 = 433 cm^2/(V*s)

Ө= 0.5

Rs = 10 ohms

VT = 0.67V

Vsat = 1.73E5 m/s

Design Step 2:

Useful design equations are:

these equations. Using

Vod from 0.01 to 5V we

find the table below:

Design Step 2:

IM3 value of 20dBm we require a VOT of 1V. As Vt for

this process is 0.67V, the value of Vgs will be (1-0.67) =

0.33V.

Steps 3+4:

gain converion to dB

Convert

the minimum gate length to be 0.6um and assume a

current of 3mA) ie.

devices have W = 233um and L = 0.6um, tail

current of 6mA, source resistors of 10 ohms and

load resistors of 500 ohms.

Design your own component

Choose Tools/Component Wizard.

Step 1:select simulation only

Step 2: No of pins 3

Design your own component

Step 3: Enter symbol information

GO “Copy from DB”

Chose your component

Step 4:

Go on………

Design your own component

Step5: Model name: RF_MOS_TEST

Go select from DB

Chose RF> P123 component

Go Model data report

Design your own component

Modify the value as we get from

calculation, like

W=0.000233

L=0.6u

Kp=171E-6

and so on

Design your own component

Step 7: Add family

Select

group as

RF….

Design your own component

From select your component (Ctrl+W)

from ‘User Database’

Built the mixer ckt shown before.

Build your circuit VCC

5V

Probe2,Probe2 VCC

V:

V: R1 V: V(p-p):

V(p-p): 500O V(p-p): R2 V(rms):

V(rms): V(rms): 500O V(dc):

V(dc): V(dc): I:

5 I(p-p):

I: I:

Probe1,Probe1

I(p-p): I(p-p): I(rms):

I(rms): I(rms): I(dc):

I(dc): I(dc): Freq.:

Freq.: 2 Freq.:

U1 U2 U3 U4

V2

3

Probe4,Probe4

1 Vpk

1kHz RF_MOS_Test

4 RF_MOS_Test RF_MOS_Test

7 RF_MOS_Test

0°

6

V:

V(p-p):

V(rms):

Probe5,Probe3

V(dc): U5 U6

V1

I:

BIPOLAR_VOLTAGE

I(p-p):

10

I(rms):

I(dc): RF_MOS_Test RF_MOS_Test

Freq.: 9

8

U7

RF_MOS_Test

0

Simulation Results-Noise analysis

Select Simulate/Analyses/Noise Analysis.

Select the Analysis Parameters tab and set the following:

Input noise reference source—vv2

Output node—V(probe1)

Reference node—V(0)

Select the Frequency Parameters tab, and set the following:

FSTART—1Hz

FSTOP—10GHz

Sweep type—Decade

Number of points per decade—5

Vertical Scale—Logarithmic

Simulation Results-Noise analysis

Select the Output tab, select the following variables for plot during

simulation:

onoise_rr1 & onoise_rr2

Click Simulate. A chart displays in the Grapher with data similar to

the expected results.

the noise voltage is

constant for lower

frequencies. For higher

frequencies the noise

voltage drops

considerably.

Simulation Results-Noise Figure Analysis

approximately 1GHz.

Simulation Results-Noise Figure Analysis

To set up Noise Figure Analysis using the circuit

shown, follow the steps listed below.

Select Simulate/Analyses/Noise Figure Analysis.

Under the Analysis Parameters tab, set the following:

Input noise reference source to vv2 (which is the input AC

Source).

Output node must be V(probe1)

Reference node will default to V0

Frequency must be set to 1e+009

Temperature must be set to 27 degrees C.

Click Simulate. The following displays.

Simulation Results-Noise Figure Analysis

is approximately –17 dB

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