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Matrix for business, math, business

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You are on page 1of 33

Page 1

Matrices

A matrix consisting of m horizontal rows and n

vertical columns is called an mn matrix or a

matrix of size mn.

a12

.

.

.

.

a11

a

21

.

a12

.

...

a1n

...

...

.

.

... a2n

...

.

the column subscript.

Page 2

Matrices

.3

1 6

b. The matrix 5 1 has size 3 . 2

9 4

. 1

7 2 4

1 3

d. The matrix 9 11 5 6 8 has size 3 5.

6 2 1 1 1

Page 3

Equality of Matrices

Matrices A = [aij ] and B = [bij] are equal if

they have the same size and aij = bij for

each i and j.

Transpose of a Matrix

If A 1 2 3, find AT .

4 5 6

Solution:

1 4

AT 2 5

3 6

Observe that

T T

A

Page 4

Matrix Addition

Sum A + B is the m n matrix obtained by adding

corresponding entries of A and B.

a.

b.

1 2 7 2 1 7 2 2 8 0

3 4 6 4 3 6 4 4 3 8

5 6 3

0 5 3 6 0 8 6

1 2 2

3 4 1 is impossible as matrices are not of the same

size.

Page 5

a. 2

6 6 2

2 6 6 2

4 8

4 1 4 1 4 4 1 1 8 0

3 0 2 3

3 1

3 2 0 3

Page 6

D1 3 2 5

D2 0 17 1

DC 0 1 4

DE 20 0 8

D3 4 6 12

DS 30 5 0

industries?

Solution:

D1 D2 D3 3 2 5 0 17 1 4 6 12 7 25 18

Total:

DC DE DS 0 1 4 20 0 8 30 5 0 50 6 12

25 18 50 6 12 57 31 30

Page 7

Scalar Multiplication

Properties of Scalar Multiplication:

Subtraction of Matrices

Property of subtraction is A 1 A

Page 8

look at their dimensions

m n

n p

MUST BE SAME

SIZE OF PRODUCT

equal the number of rows of B then the

product AB is undefined.

Page 9

Multiplication of Matrices

into words. You multiply the rows of the first matrix

with the columns of the second adding products

Find AB

3 2 1

A

0 4 1

11 1 3 5

3 3 2 2 2 2

2 4

B 1 3

3 1

first column adding products. We put the answer in

Page 10

the first row, first column of the answer.

Find AB

3 2 1

A

0 4 1

55

AB

AB

1

2 4

B 1 3

3 1

77 7

4

442

311

00300

324424

4

33123 31111

7 1

11

Notice the sizes of A and B and the size of the product AB.

Now we multiply across the first

second

rowrow

andand

down

down

the the

second

first

We multiplied across first row and down first column

column column

second

and welland

putwell

the answer

put the in

answer

the second

first

in the

row,row,

second

second

firstrow,

so we put the answer in the first row, first column.

Page 11

column.column.

second

2 4

3 2 1

A

B 1 3

0 4 1

3 1 3132121213123223114134034141004410

9

4614

2312

ly

ip

ult

across

acrossthird

second

second

third

row

row

row

row

across

first

second

row

row

as

as

aswe

we

godown

down

we

as

we

go go

go

down

down

first

third

third

first

second

second

third

column:

column:

column:

column:

column:

second

column:

first

column:

column:

32

can m

23

12

12

12

12 2

66 666 12

2 22

wer

size of a n s

BA

BA

BA

BA

BA

3

3

3

14

14

14

4

4

4

99 10

4

10

Commuter's Beware!

Completely different than AB!

AB BA

Page 12

Matrix Multiplication

a.

b.

c.

4

1 2 3 5 32

6

1

1 6

2 1 6 2 12

3

3 18

1 3

2 2

0

1

0

1

2 1

0 4 2

2 5 3 11

3 4 1 0

2 7 4 10

b22

a

b

a

b

a

b

a

b

22 21

21 12

22 22

21 11

a

b

a

22

21

21

Page 13

cost.

7 units of A

P 2 3 4

Solution:

The cost vector is

Q 5 units of B

11 units of C

7

PQ 2 3 4 5 73

11

Page 14

textbooks are represented by the price vector. A

university bookstore orders these books in the

quantities given by the column vector Q. find the total

cost (in dollars) of the purchase.

P 26.25 34.75 28.50

250

Q 325

175

22,843.75

Page 15

Matrix Multiplication

If

1 2

3 4

3 0 1

1 1 2

Solution 1:

1 2

A BC

3 4

1 0

C 0 2

1 1

Solution

2:

1 0

3 0 1

1 1 2 0 2

1 1

1 2 2 1 4 9

3 4 3 4 18 13

1

1 2 3 0 1

0

AB C

3 4 1 1 2 1

1 0

1 2 5

0

2

13

1 1

0

2

1

4 9

18 13

Page 16

Matrix Multiplication

If

3 2

A

1 4

51

2

5

1

10

3

10

1 0

I

0 1

0 0

0 0

Solution:

1 0 3 2

2 2

a. I A

0

1

1

4

3 2

3 2 2 0 3 6

1 0

b. 3 A 2I 3

1

4

0

1

1

4

0

2

3

6

3 2 0 0

O

1 4 0 0

c. AO

3 2 52

d. AB

1

1 4 10

51

3

10

1 0

I

0 1

Page 17

Matrix Multiplication

2 x1 5 x 2 4

Write the system

8 x1 3 x 2 7

Solution:

If

2 5

A

8

3

x1

X

x2

4

B

7

AX B

2 5 x1 4

8 3 x 7

2

Page 18

ranch-style houses, seven Cape Cod style

houses, and nine colonial style houses.

This order represented by:

The raw materials that go into each type of

houses are steel, wood, glass, paint, and

labor shown in the matrix R.

Page 19

how many amount of each raw material

needed to fulfill the orders. The we should

compute the matrix QR.

QR 128 451 236 143 349

for the materials for each, shown in matrix

C

Page 20

2500

matrix:

5 20 16 7 17 1200

75850

RC 7 18 12 9 21 800 81550

6 25 8 5 13 150

71650

1500

ranch style $75,850; cape Cod style $ 81,550;

and colonial style $71,650

The total cost of raw materials for all the houses

is:

75850

QRC Q RC 5 7 9 81550 1,594,950

71650

Page 21

When matrix AB = I, A is an inverse of B

and A is invertible.

Example 1 Inverse of a Matrix

3 5

B

1

2

2 5

A

1 3

Page 22

Inverses

Find matrix :

ad-bc = IAI=

determinant A

Page 23

Inverses

Find matrix :

2 5

A

1

3

Page 24

Exercises

Find its inverse

Page 25

Inverses 3x3

Find the minor of Matric A:

Eliminate the first row and

first coloumn, get IM11I

Page 26

Page 27

of matrix cofactor M

Then, do the determinant

Page 28

A=

1 0 0

0 3 0

0 0 4

K=

12 0 0

0

4

0

0

0 3

Page 29

12 0 0

0

4

0

0

0 3

Page 30

A -1

0

0

1

0 1/ 3 0

0

0

1 / 4

Page 31

7 0 2

0 1 0

3 0 1

Page 32

Quiz no.1

Jababeka property accepted orders for five ranch-style

houses, two Cape Cod style houses, and four colonial

style houses. This order represented by:

Q 5 2 4

steel, wood, glass, paint, and labor shown in the matrix

R.

5 20 16 7 15

R 7 15 10 8 20

6 25 8 5 12

materials for each, shown in matrix C

2000

1200

C 800

200

1500

materials. (in dollar0

Page 33

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