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INGLES A MI

MANERA

Usemos el Idioma : Expresiones


comunes
1. Entregar algo a alguien usas estas frases :
.Here you are / There you are (Aqu tienes )
2. Mas agradecimientos :
.Thanks a lot (Mil gracias)
.Thank you very much (Muchas gracias)

You are welcome (De


nada)/ No problem
Don t worry
(descuida , note
preocupes)
My pleasure
(encantado , fue un
placer , )/ It s ok /
Don t think abou it
(no pienses en eso)
(dont dink abauit )

Mas expresiones
Please
Excuse me (disculpe)
I m sorry (lo siento)

DIALOGOS
BILL : LUIS , HI
LUIS : HELLO , BILL , HOW ARE YOU

B: I m fine and you ? /What about you ? (que hay de ti ) (guarabau yu)
(que hay acerca de ti )
L: I m very well / I m ok / I m pretty (priri)well /Excellent / great .
Thank you
B: You are wellcome , Oh sorry this is my friend / let me (djame)
introduce my friend(presentar a mi amiga ) Anna
A: Hi Luis , Nice to meet you
L : Nice to meet you , too

ESTUDIEMOS LA GRAMATICA
A. Para hacer preguntas usando el verbo to be debemos
cambiar de lugar al verbo y colocarlo al principio de la frase
Afirmacion : She is your friend
Pregunta :
Is she your friend ?
Mas ejemplos :
Is he from Monterrey ?
Are you tired ?(cansado/ taired)
Is he happy ?

Profesiones

A recepcionist
A secretary
A dentist
An electrician
A nurse
A traductor / translator (traductor)
A travel Agent
A segurity guard
A mechanic
A manicurist
A veterniarian

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

Joiner ( carpintero)
libraran (bibiliotecario)
nanny (niera)
driver (chofer)
fireman (bombero hombre)
policeman (polica hombre)
pilot (piloto)
janitor(conserje)
plumber (plomero)

Describing the weather


It is sunny

( soleado )
It is raining
(lluvioso)
It is foggy (niebloso)
It is snowing
(nevoso)
It is very Cold
It is very Hot

NOW I CAN
INTRODUCE YOURSELF : YOUR NAME , PROFESSION

VERBO TO HAVE
(verbo tener )
AFIRMATIVO (have / has )
I have
You have
We have
They Have
He has
She Has
It has

NEGATIVE : do/does + not + have ( ya expresa la tercera


persona)
En la negacin y al momento de hacer una pregunta se usa el
auxiliar (DO/DOES)
I do not (don t )have
You do not (don t )have
We do not (don t ) have
They do not (don t )have
He does not (doesn t )have
She does not ( doesn t ) have
It does not (doesn t ) have

Pregunta : Do/does + have


Do I have ?
Do you have ?
Do we have ?
Do they Have ?
Does he have?
Does she have?
Does it have?

Descriptive adjectives
Atracctive : atractivo
Handsome: guapo
Pretty : bonito
Tall: alto
Short : corto/ pequeo
Fat: gordo
Heavy : pesado
Chubby : regordete
Thin : delgado
Slender : esbelto
Round : redondeado
Square : cuadrado
Straight : recto / derecho/ lacio
Curly: rizado
Wavy : ondulado

DESPEDIDAS
Good Bye : Adis
Bye Bye : Adis
Take Care : Cudate
See you then : Nos vemos luego
See ya : Nos vemos
See You tomorrow : Nos vemos maana
See you later : Nos vemos mas tarde

Adjetives comparativos y
superlativos
COMPARATIVOS : Compara dos sustantivos (nouns), se usa with
than or but
El adjetivo para que se haga comparativo se le agrega el ER
EXAMPLE :
Jhon is taller than ( que )Chris
SUPERLATIVOS : Lo hace al sustantivo mas relevante e
importante que el comparativo se usa el the antes del adjetivo
El adjetivo para que se haga superlativo se le agrega en la parte
final EST
EX : Jack is the tallest

Una oracin con ambos


Jhon is taller than Chris but
COMPARATIVE

Jack is the tallest

SUPERLATIVE

Jhon es mas alto que Chris pero Jack


es el mas alto

Comparativos y superlativos
Adjetivos
Close
Young
New
Pretty
Happy
Short
Comparativos
Closer
Younger
Newer
Prettier
Happier
Shorter
Superlativos
Closest
Youngest
Newest
Prettiest
Happiest
shortest

Long
Big
Great
Small
Narrow (estrecho)
Wide
Empty(vacio)
Longer
Bigger
Greater
Smaller
Narrower
Wider
Emptier
Longest
Biggest
Greatest
Smallest
Narrowest
Widest
Emptiest

Vocabulary
Colors :
Brown
Red
Pink orange
Yellow
Gold
Green
Blue
Purple
Black
White
Silver- plata
Gray
Dark
Light
Blonde-rubio

DE DONDE ERES
Where are you From? De donde eres tu ?
I m from Peru (Soy de Per)
I m Peruavian ( Soy Peruana)
Are you Peruvian ?
Yes I am
Are you England ?
No I m not , I m from Peru / I m Peruvian

COUNTRY y NATIONALITY
England (Inglaterra)
Spain (Spaa)
Germany (Alemania)
Japan(Japon)
China (China)
Italy (Italia)
English(ingles)
Spanish(espaol)
German(alemn)

MORE
Colombia
United States
Venezuela
Puerto Rico
Brazil
Mexico
Colombian
American
Venezuelan

NOW I CAN
PREGUNTA : DE DONDE ERES , LUEGO DI TU
NACIONALIDAD Y TU PAIS .

REPASANDO

READ
Hi , I m Leonard Rosen
I m a dentist
I work in a office
Hello my name is Frances
I m a doctor
I work in a hospital

Hi , I m kathryn
I m veterinarian
I work in an animal clinic
Their names are Leonard an Frances
They are not doctors

Our names are Lyle and KATE


We aren t lawyers
Describe the weather of the picture

Preguntas Frecuentes

What?
How?
Where?
When ?
Why ?

Expresiones informales

How are you doing ? : Como estas ?


How it is going?
: Como va todo?
How are the things? : Como van las cosas
Hello , there
: Hola
Come in , please / Come on in please :
Pasa por favor
Let s : (vamos)
I m coming : ya voy

Estudiemos la
Gramatica
El presente continuo) : verb to be + the verb + ing
(PRESENT CONTINUOS)
Se usa para indicar acciones que estn ocurriendo en el
momento en que se esta hablando
Example:
Luis is
cook ing
/ Luis is cooking
verb tobe
verb ing
Luis esta cocinando

Podemos usarlo con estas expresiones : NOW (ahora) Y


RIGHT NOW(en este momento .
Ex: Luis is cooking now
Luis is cooking right now

Adjetivos Demostrativos
THIS Y THAT
Singular
Plural
This
These
That
Those
Ex : This is my book
Is that Your bag ?

( cerca )
(lejos)
These are my books
Are those your bags ?

Para indicar acciones que estn ocurriendo en un periodo


mas extendido de tiempo (hoy , esta semana , este mes ,
este ao)
Posemos usarlo con estas expresiones
This week
This month
These days
This year

THE BODY

Ankle-tobillo
Arm-brazo
Back
Chest
Elbow-codo
Finger
Foot (pie)
Hand
Knee
Leg
Neck
Shoulder-hombro
Toe (dedos del pie )
Throat (garganta)

The face

Eye
Ear
Nose
Hair
Head
Mouth
Tooth
Chin (barbilla)
Forehead
Cheek- mejilla
Eyebrow
Lashes
Lips

Describe this girl

Review : Present Continuos

I m studying
You are studying
He is studying
She is studying
It is studying(se esta estudiando)
We are studying
Im not studying
You are not studying
He is not studying

PREGUNTA

Am I studying?
Are you studying?
Is he studying?
Is she studying?
Are we studying?
Are they studying?

NOW IS YOUR TURN


Conjuga los siguientes verbos en Present Continuos
to play (jugar/tocar)
to read (leer)

to sleep ( dormi)

LEARNING
THE DEFINITE ARTICLE
SINGULAR
The name
The plane
The writer
The university

PLURAL
The names
The planes
The writers
The universities

PLURALES REGULARES (REGULAR


PLURALS)
La mayora de los sustantivos forman el plural aadiendo
la S a la forma singular .
EX:
Animal : animals
Paper : papers
Boy : boys

Your turn
Transforma al plural los siguientes sustantivos
Notebook
Computer
Idea
Girl

Hour
Door
Day
book

EXCEPCION A LA REGLA
Cuando un sustantivo termina en las siguientes consonantes :
S, Z,
EX:
Mess
Dash
Box
Sex
Dish

SH, CH o X, el plural es formado agregando ES


: messes (enredo)
: dashes
(guion)
: boxes
(caja)
: sexes
(sexo)
: dishes
(plato)

VOCABULARIO : Rellenar
formularios
Married / Single / Widow /Divorced
EXAMPLE
Family Name/ Last Name :Vallejos
First Name : Sigrid
Birth date : February 7th 1992
Citizenship: Peruvian
Age : 23
Marital status (estado civil): Singles
Profession: Lawyer and Teacher
Address : 965 Avenue Ejercito Dpto 301
Telephone number / cellphone : 225184
Hobbies : Travel , Piano , Read , Internet

NOW YOU

What time is it ?
It is eight o clock : Es ocho en punto
It is eight ten / It is ten past eight : Es ocho y diez
It is eight fifteen /It is a quarter past eight : Son las ocho y
cuarto
It is eight thirty /It is eight and half : las ocho y media
It is eight forty five /It is a quarter to nine : Un cuarto para
las nueve
It is eight fifty five / It is five to nine : Cinco para las nueve

Agregas el Am y el Pm , de acuerdo al horario del da .


Puedes utilizar
12 : 00 pm: twelve noon
12: 00 AM : twelve midnight
Otras expresiones que puedes usar
In the morning
In the afternoon
In the evening
At night ( de noche , por la noche)

Tell me you the time

Tres y quince :
Seis en punto:
Ocho y media :
Quince para las siete :
Cinco para las ocho :

VOCABULARY
Para llenar fomularios de viaje
Arrival record : Registro de llegada
Departure record : Registro de salida
Instuctions : Instrucciones
Welcome: Bienvenido
Admission Number :
Airline:lnea area
Flight number
All Capital Letters: Todo mayscula
Date Issued: Fecha de publicacin
Day/month/year:
Currency : moneda
Merchandise : mercanca

Ttulos y formas formales


Formas Formales:
Mr : Sr. se usa para todos los hombres (mister)
Ms: Sra. / Srta. para mujeres casadas o no casadas (miz)
Mrs : Sra. para mujer casada (abreviacin de misez )
Miss: Seorita,para mujeres no casadas
Sir : Seor : Se usa para personas con un rango (profesor , o algn
superior)
Madam : Para alguien importante ; tanto el sir como madam se usan
cuando los apellidos no se mencionan.

Pronombres objeto
Son los pronombres personales que se usan despus del verbo
Pronombre Sujeto
I
yo
You
Tu
He
El
She
ella
It
ello , eso
We
nosotros
You
ustedes
They
ellos
las , los )

Pronombre Objeto
me (me , a mi)
you( te , a ti)
him (le , lo , a el )
her (le , la , a ella )
it (le , lo , a ello)
us(nos , a nosotros)
you (a ustedes)
them (a ellos /a ellas , les ,

EXAMPLE
You are teaching me English
I am Teaching you spanish
He is showing her some photos
She is helping me
I know it
We are teaching you english
You are helping us
Tu me estas enseando ingles a mi
Yo te estoy enseando espaol a ti
El le esta mostrando a ella algunas fotos
Ella lo esta ayudando a el
Yo lo se
Nosotros les estamos enseando
Ustedes nos estn ayudando a nosotras

THE FAMILY

THE FAMILY

Grandfather : Abuelo
Grandmother:Abuela
Aunt : tia
Uncle : tio
Father : Padre
Mother : Madre
Daughter : Hija
Prima(o) : Cousin
Son: Hijo
Sister : Hermana
Brother : Hermana
Husband : Esposo
Wife:Esposa
Niece:Sobrina
Nephew : sobrino
Boyfriend :
Girlfriend:
Dad : papa
Mom: Mama

Aprendamos
BE LIKE : (am, is , are) , se usa cuando te refieres a la
personalidad de una persona .
EX: I m like my mother , a litle perfectionist
LOOK LIKE : Se usa cuando te refieres a su aspecto fsico
EX: You look like your father

Now you

ALGO DE VOCABULARIO
PERSONALIDAD/PERSONALITY

Nice : Agradable
Funny : Divertido
Sweet : Dulce
Intelligent , Smart : Inteligente
Wise : sabio
Boring
Kind : bondadoso , amable
Adorable
Tender : Tierna
Generous : Generosa
Evil : malvado

Countable Nouns
Cosas que se pueden contar :
A dog
An Apple
A Tree
A cup
An ant(hormiga)
Ojo : People es contable , ya que es el plural de
person(persona)

Uncountable Nouns
Son los sustantivos que no puedes contar como: material,
informacin, conceptos, etc. Se les considera como
sustantivos en masa.
EXAMPLE :
time (tiempo), sugar (azcar), sand (arena), water (agua),
oxigen (oxgeno), music (msica), wine (vino), chees
(queso), chocolate, wood (madera).
Como puedes observar, en ingls los lquidos, materias y
substancias se consideran como incontables.

HOW MANY/ HOW MUCH


Se utilizan en la forma interrogativa nicamente
How many ? : lo empleas para preguntar acerca de sustantivoscontables.
Ex :
How many cups of coffee do you drink a day ?
How many apples are there in the fruit bowl? (frutero)
How many pictures did you take last summer?
How many dollars do you have?
OJO : el sustantivo contable est siempre en plural: cups, pants, apples,
pictures.

HOW MUCH
How much?lo empleas para preguntar acerca de
sustantivos incontables.
EX:
How much coffee do you drink in the morning?
How much work do you have?
How much money do you want?
How much sand ?

AlgunosVerbos

To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To

come : venir
go : Ir
put : poner
take : Tomar
give: Dar
get : Conseguir
keep : Mantener
let : Dejar
make : Hacer
do : hacer
seem : parecer
say : decir
see: ver
send: Enviar
listen: escuchar
watch : mirar
believe : creer
lose : perder
change: cambiar
fill: llenar
find: encontrar
learn: aprender
need: necesitar
complain: quejarse
fall : caer
live: vivir
want : querer
explain: Explicar
start: comenzar

Aprendiendo La gramtica
Present tense with infinitives
El verbo en simple
Ex : I want to eat
You need to talk
I have to see

infinitive

YOUR TURN
Cambia del espaol al ingles
Quiero aprender
Tu necesitas tener esto
El quiere jugar
Nosotros queremos estudiar

THE MODAL VERB CAN


Este verbo modal solo se puede usar en el tiempo presente ,
y significa poder y
EXAMPLE :
I can play the piano
I can send my letter
Can you tell me the time ?

CONJUGACION
Present tense
I can
You can
He /she can
We can
They can
It can
Negative
I can t
You can t
He/she cant
We can t
They can t
It can t
Question
Can I ?
Can you?
Can he / she?
Can we ?
Can they ?
Can it?

PASADO DE CAN : COULD


Present tense
I could
You could
They could
We could
He could
She could
It could
Negative
I could not
You could not
They couldn t
We couldn t
He couldn t
She couldn t
It couldn t
Question
Could I?
Could you?
Could they?
Could we?
Could he ?
Cold she ?
Could it?

EXAMPLES
She couldn t call you ( No te pudo llamar)
He could play the piano ( Pudo tocar el piano)
I couldn t tell you ( No te pude decir )
Could he play the guitar? Pudo tocar la guitarra

NOW I CAN
Forma oraciones utilizando el could .

OJO
Could asi mismo se emplea frecuentemente se expresa para aspectos
que nada tienen que ver con el tiempo pasado. Siempre dependiendo
del contexto
Es mas formal que el uso del can , no se agrega S a la tercera persona
EXAMPLE:
Could you pass the salt, please? /Podras pasar la sal por favor?
Could I make a call ? Podra hacer una llamada?
You could learn english : Tu podras aprender ingles

Learn more
El uso del infinitivo :
Se usa
Despus de algunos verbos como: would like, decide,
choose, plan, refuse, hope, want, manage , like
Ex: I want to become a teacher.
I plan to marry some day

Despues de adjetivos
EX:
I m happy to see you again
I m tired to study a lot
Para expresar un objetivo o el porqu estamos haciendo
una accin:
Ex:
Im here to study English.

Diferencia del uso de los


siguientes verbos
Want VS would like VS wish VS hope VS Like
Want expresa un especifico e inmediato deseo
Ex: I want a new car
I want to be a famous writer
Would like solo expresar deseos presentes , es una forma mas formal
de want
Cuando lo utilizas en preguntas expresa invitacin u ofertas
Ex:
I would like to buy a house in the country
Would you like anything else ?

Wish expresa un posible deseo y un comando cortes


Ex:
I wish to speak to the President
Hope se refiere a un desconocido pero posible deseo en
cualquier punto del tiempo ya sea pasado , presente o futuro
I hope you are well (presente)Espero que estes bien
I hope you played the piano .(Espero que hayas tocado el piano)

El like expresa preferencias generales


Ex :
I like to sleep
I like to listen to music
You like to read in the silence

Orders and Commands

Be quiet (silencio)
Sit : Sientate
Stand : Levantate
Walk : Camina
Listen : Escucha
Go : ve
Help: Ayuda
Stop: Alto

Para dar respuestas cortas a


preguntas
Dar respuestas a preguntas que comienzan con do / does :
Do you speak English?
Yes ,I do / No , I don t ( si lo ,hago ) , ( no lo hago)
Does she cook?
Yes , she does ( si lo hace )
No , she doesn t ( no, no lo hace)

Tercera persona en verbos


Se le agrega S a la mayora de los verbos en oraciones
afirmativas en el tiempo presente simple cuando se usa :
he , she , it
He Works
She cooks
It depends

Se agrega es cuando el verbo termina en sh , ch , s , x , o , z


Ex:
She washes
He teaches
She kisses
It relaxes
He does gym (hace gimnasia)
He goes (el va)

Se cambia por IES cuando esta despus de una


consonante : Y
Ex :
I cry
She cries
I try
He tries

The modal verb May


El verbo may se utiliza para expresar cierto grado de
probabilidad de una accin o grado de certeza : ( quizs ,
puede que )
Expresa permiso y posibilidad
Ex:
May I sit here? (permiso)
It may rain today (posibilidad)
He may be angry

MIGHT
Es el pasado de may ( podra ) (pudo)es bastante formal su uso , tanto el may como el
might indican que algo es posible , pero algo que puede suceder es mas probable que
el podra suceder . As mismo el might con frecuencia su uso expresa a situaciones
futuras . Al igual que can and could , no se agrega S a la tercera persona , este verbo
modal se puede solo usar en el presente y pasado (a pesar de que puede referirse a
situaciones futuras )
EX:
She might come to my party next week ( ella podra venir a mi fiesta la siguiente semana)
I might not be able to come on Friday. Podria no ser capaz de venir el Viernes
He might go to the hospital ( Pudo ir al hospital)

Vocabulary : Public Notices


(avisos pblicos)

Open:
Closed
Push : empujar
Pull:jalar
Entrance: entrada
Exit: salida
Emergency exit
Gentlemen /men
Ladies/women
Bathroom
Restroom
Press : presionar
Knock (golpear)
Forbidden
Available (disponible)
Danger
No smoking
No parking
Dangerous curve
Money Exchange
Pedestrian (peatonal)

Adverbios de Tiempo
Modifican a los verbos, se colocan por lo general delante del
verbo
Son los siguientes :
Always (siempre)
Ex : I always cook on weekends
Usually (usualmente)
Ex: I usually read

Generally(generalmente)
Ex: You generally play soccer
Often (a menudo)
He often sleeps
Sometimes (a veces) (Se puede utilizar antes de la oracin ) o
antes del verbo
Ex: Sometimes I cook
I cook sometimes

Rarely (raramente)
I rarely dance
Never (nunca)
We never go to the movies

Se puede utilizar con el verbo to be


Ex:
She is never happy
He s usually tired
We are never tired

YOUR TURN

Oraciones interrogativas
Cuando preguntamos , se usa el auxiliar do o does , que no
se traduce
En la tercera persona del singular (he /she /it )se usa el
auxiliar does para hacer pregunta el verbo no lleva s
Ex:
Do l live ? Yo vivo
Does he live ? Vive ella
Does it live ? Vive ello

Oraciones Negativas
Se usa el auxiliar en su forma negativa do not /don t or does not /
doesn t
Se traduce como no
En la tercera persona he/she / it , al usar el auxiliar , el verbo no
lleva s
EX:
I don t live
We don t live
He doesn t live

Pasado simple de verbos


regulares
Afirmativo
To play
I played
You played
He/she played
It played

Negative
I din t play
You didn t play

Para decir cosas que te gustan y


te disgustan
Utilizas love , like , enjoy MAS SUSTANTIVO (cosa)
Ex :
I love chocolate
Do you like pizza ?
She enjoys parties
Usa el hate (para lo que te disgusta)
I hate milk

Actividades

Jogging ( correr o trotar)


Swimming (nadar)
Walking ( caminar)
Football
Voleyball
Tennis
Yoga
Exercise

Utilizas el verbo GO

Utilizas el verbo
play
Utilizas el verbo
do

Para decir actividades que te


gustan o te disgustan
Love ,enjoy , like , hate mas verbo en ing
Ex : I love swimming ( Me gusta nadar )
Do you like Joggin? ( Te gusta trotar?
She enjoys riding her bike ( Ella disfruta andar en bicicleta
They hate doing gym ( ellos odian hacer gimnacio)
He doesn t like playing tennins ( no les gusta jugar tennnis )

YOUR TURN

ALSO Y TOO
Ambos significan tambin
Se pueden usar delante del verbo o al final de la oracin
I like movies and also like Reading
She likes tea and she also likes coffe
She hates pizza and pasta too .

Simple past tense of irregular


verbs

Past tense of TO BE
Afirmativo
I was
You were
He /she/it was
They were
We were

Negative
I wasn t
You weren t
He/she/it wasn t
They weren t
We weren t
Question
Was I?
Were you ?
Was it ?
Were they?
Were we?

Past simple of to have


Afirmative
I had
You had
We had
They had
He/she/It had
Negative
I did not have
You did not have

Some irregulars verbs

Come (came) venir


Bring (brought)traer
Sing(sang)cantar
Feed (fed)alimentar
Fell (felt) sentir
Hear (Heard )oir
Speak(spoke)
Say (said)
See (saw)

Negative Words

Neither (ninguno)
Nobody (nadie)
None (ninguno)
No one (nadie)
Nor (ni)
Nothing (nada)
Nowhere(en ninguna parte)

TALK VS SPEAK
Talk usualmente se refiere a la conversacin
Ex :
I talked to him last night
Can you talk ?
Don t talk in the library

Speak
Se usa para referirse que has hablado en una gran reunin
Cuando se habla un idioma
EX:
Last week I spoke at the ladies book club (La semana pasada
hable en el club de libros de mujeres )
Peter speaks Russian Without accent (Peter habla Ruso sin
acento)

EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO

A day (un dia)


A night (una noche)
Midday(medioda)
Noon(mediodia)
Midnight(medianoche)
A week (una semana)
A month
A year
A century(siglo)
Today
Tomorrow
Yesterday
Last week
Next week
Last night
A week ago (hace una semana)
The day after tomorrow (pasado maana)

Either and Neither


Either puede usarse tanto en oraciones negativas como en positivas
dependiendo del valor de la oracin cambiar su significado.
En oraciones positivas por lo general se usa en conjunto con 'or'.
Significa 'tanto____como...'
Example :
Either Jan or Karl will go to the party tonight.
Tanto Jan como Karl iran a la fiesta de esta noche
I m taking either portuguese or French at college
Estoy llevando tanto portugus como Frances en la universidad

En oraciones negativas se coloca usualmente al final para


decir tampoco.
EX:
I don t like soda either
A mi tampoco me gusta la soda

Neither se utiliza en la negacin (ninguno)(ni ) (tampoco)


Ex:
Neither of the cars is working
(Ninguno de los carros esta trabajando)
Daisy didn t come , Neither Peter did
Daisy no vino , tampoco Peter

Cuando el neither se utiliza con nor , nor significa ni


Ex:
Neither Paul nor Sandra has to go
Ni Paul ni Sandra tiene que ir

Translate (traduce)

I don t want to talk to him


I have nothing to say to him
He has nowhere to go this weekend
She neither wants to see Lyle
You neither wrote nor called
I never want to see him again
Nobody understands me
None of my Friends called me last week
No one called me yesterday

VOCABULARY : Equipo de
Oficina

Basement : sotano
Employee lounge (launch) : sala de empleados
Second floor : segundo piso
Soda machine : maquina de gaseosas
Supply room : cuarto de suministros
Cash register : caja registradora
Copy machine : maquina copiadora
Typewriter : maquina de escribir
Keys : llaves
Key computer : teclas de la computadora
Return key : Tecla de retorno

NOW SING YESTERDAY

CONVERSATION
PAGE : 49

Review Questions
PAGE 73 , 74, 75

How long?
Significa CUANTO TIEMPO ?
Ex :
How long are you staying ? Cuanto tiempo te quedaras o te
estars quedando?
How long did you wait ? Cuanto tiempo esperaste?
How long was your flight ? Cuanto tiempo duro tu vuelo?
How long is the Amazon River? Cuanto tiempo esta El rio
Amazonas

How you answer ?


Not very long
About ten minutes
Nine hours

How often ?
Significa : Con que frecuencia ?
EX:
How often do you see each other ? Always
Con que frecuencia se ven el uno al otro?
How often do you come to Town ? Once every month
Con que frecuencia vienes a la ciudad?

How far ?
Significa Que tan lejos .
Ex:
How far is your office from the bank ? Que tan lejos esta tu
oficina desde el banco
About three blocks
How far is the restaurant from the hotel?
A mile and a half . Una milla y media

How cold/hot/late/early?
Significa : QUE TAN frio /caliente/ tarde/temprano?
Ex:
How
How
How
How

cold is in June ?
hot do you like your bath wter?
early do you normally wake up?
late do you go to bed ?

Would
Da terminacin IA a los verbos :
Ex :
Would run : correra
Would jump: jugaria
Para peticiones asi como el could o el might , tambin se
puede utilizar el would
If I had a lot of money, I would / could buy a house.
Si tuviera mucho dienero , yo podria (compraria) comprar una
casa

Verbos que se usan en un


restaurante
Bring : Traer
Ex:
Can you bring me coffe please ?
Take : Tomar
Ex: Please may I take your coat? Abrigo

Suggest : Sugiero
Ex : I suggest that you take the veal ? Sugiero que tome la
ternera?
Recommend : Recomiendo
EX:
I recommend the veal

Cantidades

Much : Mucho (no se puede contar)


A lot : Bastante , mucho
Many : mucho (se puede contar)
Plenty : mucho
A few : suficiente Ex : I have a few apples
Few : poco , insuficiente Ex : I have few Friends

Some : algo , un poco


Ex : Would you like some coffee? / Quires un poco de caf?
I have some money / Tengo algo de dinero
A litle : un poco Ex : I have a litle sugar
Any : algn , alguno , alguna , ningn , ninguna , ninguno
Ex: Are there any Argentinians here? / Hay algn argentino aqu?
Ex: There isn't any problem / No hay ningn problema
Page 84

Sustantivos irregulares para


cambiar al plural

Man : Men (hombres )


Woman: women (mujeres)
A mouse : Six mice (seis ratones )
Ox : oxen (bueyes)
Foot : feet (pies)
Tooth (tiud): teeth (dientes)
A child : children nios
A person : people

Review
Page : 95 , 96

Possesivos agrengado 's


Ex :
Lyle 's hotel : El hotel de Lyle
Sandra 's cat : El gato de Sandra
The children 's shoes : Los zapatos de los nios

Page : 102 , 105

Ordinals Numbers

First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth
Nineth
Tenth
Eleventh
Twelfth
Twentieth
Thirtieth(zertied)
Hundredth (handred)
Thounsandth(tausand)
a half
1/3 a third
a quarter
2/3 two trirds

ALL RIGHT
Significa :esta bien , bien , todo bien
Ex :
Is is all right to cross here?
Esta bien cruzar aqu .
Are you felling all right?
All right , you may go now .

Prepositions
At : Se usa para indicar
Horas :at 2 : pm (a las dos de la tarde)
Horarios de comida : at lunchtime(a la hora de almuerzo)
Das festivos: at Christmas
Fin de semana : at weekend
Lugares : She is at work (en el trabajo) En ciertos lugares :
home , university , school

Around: alrededor
He lives around here (El vive alrededor de aqu)
For : Para , por
Ex: I have a message for you
From : de, desde
I came from Europe last night

In :en , dentro de , adentro


Se utiliza para indicar :
Meses : In october
Aos : in 1992
Estaciones : In spring (primavera)
Siglos : In 21st century
Lugares de espacios : cerrados
Ex : In the office
En lugares abiertos con limites definidos
In the park
Ciudades : In Trujillo
Paises : In Peru

Of : de
Ex: She is the wife of Mr . Smith
To: a , para
Ex : Please proceed to Passport control .
He is speaking to Sandra

Uso del right


Rigth es verdad o cierto
Ex:
Are you study english , right ?
Is he sleeping right ?

Review

EL VERBO GET
El verbo 'to get' tiene muchos significados que podremos
conocer por el contexto: volverse, recibir, empezar,
obtener, llegar, traer.
Y Con adjetivos : get tired, get angry. Enojarse , cansarse
El verbo en pasado es : got
Ex : Jasongota job in the south last month.
Jason consiguio /obtuvo un trabajo en el sur el mes
pasado.

Ex :
What can IgetSally for her birthday?
Qu le puedo comprar a Sally para su cumpleaos?
An English companygotthe bid.
Una compaa inglesa consigui la licitacin.

FUTURO (FUTURE SIMPLE)


SUJETO+ will/shall +VERBO
Nota: El auxiliarshallslo se utiliza para la primera
persona de singular y del plural. Mientras que el
auxiliarwillse puede utilizar en todos los casos.
Como ejemplo de la conjugacin del futuro simple, veamos
el verboto work(trabajar):

I will/shall work
You will wor
He /she will work
We /shall will work
You will work
They will work
Trabajare
Trabajaras
El y ella trabajara

El auxiliar will se contrae

I'll work
you'll work
he'll work
we'll work
you'll work
they'll work

Negacion en el futuro simple


Lanegacindel futuro se realiza simplemente aadiendo
el adverbionotentre el auxiliarwilly el verbo:
Se forma : SUJETO+will+not+VERBO

CONJUGACION
I will/shall not work

yo no trabajar

you will not work

t no trabajars

he will not work

l no trabajar

we will/shall not work

nosotros no trabajaremos

you will not work

vosotros no trabajareis

they will not work

ellos no trabajaran

CONTRACCIONES
will notse contrae enwon't
You won'tcall

shall notse contrae enshan't


I shan't play with you

Interrogacin en el futuro simple


Lainterrogacinse forma, como es habitual, invirtiendo el
verbo y el sujeto:
will+SUJETO + VERBO?

CONJUGACION
Conjugacin

Significado

will/shall I work?

trabajar?

will you work?

trabajars?

will he work?

trabajar?

will/shall we work?

trabajaremos?

will you work?

trabajareis?

will they work?

trabajaran?

CONVERSATIONS
Rather : Preferir
I d rather : Preferiria

2 BOOK

BE GOING TO
GOING TO + VERB

I'm going to have lunch at noon (Me voy almorzar al


mediodia)
You are going to play with me today

YOUR TURN

Make Invitations
Using do
Do you want a beer ?
Do you want to have lunch with me tomorrow ?
Using would
Would you like a drink ?
Would you like something to eat ?

Using may
May I offer you a drink ?
May I invite you to the movies ?

Accept Invitations

Thanks , That sounds great


I d love to
Thank you , That sound wonderful
Sure . Ide love to
Yes , please

Decline invitations

Im sorry , Ibusy
Some other day , maybe
Im sorry , but I cant , I m working tonight
Im sorry , I have another date
No , thank you
Not right now , thank you
Maye later

The past Progressive Tense


Se forma: Past tense of be + verb + ing
I was speaking
You were speaking
We were speaking
They were speaking

The future Progressive Tense


Se forma : WILL + BE + VERB + ING
Ex :
I will be speaking (afirmativo)
I won t be playing (negativo)
Will she be learning ?(pregunta)

PERFECT TENSES (PRESENT


TENSE)
CON HAVE /HAS + ED OR D
Ex :
They have arrived ( ellos han llegado )
We have arrived (nosotros hemos llegado)
He has arrived ( el ha llegado)

PAST PERFECT
Se forma : Had ed or d
Ex :
They had arrived (Ellos haban llegado)
We had arrived (nosotros habamos llegado)
I had played (Yo haba jugado)

The future perfect


Se forma : will have ed or d
Ex :
They will have arrived ( ellos habran llegado)
You will have listened (Tu habras escuchado)

Just
Significa acabo de . Iba a
Ex :
I wasjustgoing to ask you the same question.( Te iba
preguntar lo mismo)
I just ate (acabo de comer)
I just arrived (acabo de llegar)

Solo
Ex :
It wasjusta silly mistake.Slo fue un error tonto.
-They thinkjustabout money.Ellos slo piensan en el
dinero.

Yet
Significa : aun , todava
Ex :
I ve not called yet ( no lo he llamado todavia)
Not yet ( aun no )

ASK ABOUT OTHER PEOPLE

What happened to your sister ?


What is Nancy doing these days ?
Where is Nancy working now ?
Are your parents retired ?

Words express obligation


MUST : Obligacion de hacer algo ,significa : deber , tener
que hacer algo.
EX : You must drive carefully / Tu debes manejar
cuidadosamente (con cuidado)
SHOULD : Significa deberas
Ex : You should not smoke ( No deberas fumar)

Ought to : significa deber


Ex : You ought to eat healthy ( Debes comer saludable)
Have to /has to : tienes que
Ex : You have to go fast
She has to drive carefully

HAD BETTER : SIGNIFICA DEBERIAS


Ex : You had better sleep .

ADJECTIVOS QUE DESCRIBEN EL


ESTADO FISICO

Hungry : hambriento
Tristy : Sediento
Tired : Cansado
Sleepy : somnoliento
Awake : despierto

Positive emotions

I m glad to see you : contento


Linda is pleased : Linda es complacida / tiene el placer
He is excited : El esta emocionado
They are overjoyed : Ellos estn llenos de alegra
I am relieved : Esoy aliviado
They are enthusiastic : Ellos estn entusiasmados

We are delighted with the new house : Estamos


encantados con la nueva casa .
We are proud of you : Estamos orgullosos de ti

Adjectives que describen emociones


negativas

Angry : Enojado
Unhappy: infeliz
Sad : Triste
Depressed: Deprimido
Anxious : ansioso (enshus)
Mad : enojado
Scared : Asustado
Ashamed : Avergonzado
Afraid : Temeroso
Frightened : Asustado , espantado
(frident)

Difference between : to do and


to make
Ambos significan : hacer
El to do : implica (ejecutar , llevar a cabo ) expresa accin
Ex :
To do a job ( hacer un trabajo )
To do a favor (hacer un favor )
To do an exercise (hacer un ejercicio)
To do evil ( hacer el mal)

To make : Implica mas a fabricar (suele usar el uso de


materiales)
Ex :
To make a cake
To make money

Prepositions

About : acerca de , cerca de , alrededor


Exactly : exactamente
Across from : en frente de
Around : alrededor
Behind : detrs (bejaind)
Downtown : centro de la ciudad (dautaun)

In front of : en frente de
Next to : al lado de
Inside : adentro
On : en , sobre ,encima
Near : cerca (niar)
Far from : lejos de

Outside : afuera
Close to : cerca de
Under : abajo , debajo
Above : arriba , encima
Straight : derecho , directo , recto ,erguido
To the left : a la izquierda
To the right : a la derecha

Comparando con more, less , most


and least
More : mas
Than : que
Ex : He is more atracctive than his brother
El es mas atractivo que su hermano
She is more Smart than his friend
More and less se utiliza para los adjetivos comparativos

Less : menos (less)


Ex : She is less friendly than her sister .
Ella es menos amigable que su hermana

MOST AND LEAST


Se utilizan para comparar al modo superlativo
Most : mas , mucho mas
Ex : She is the most beautiful here .
Ella es la mas hermosa aqu .

Least : menos (list)


Ex :
She is the least efficient of al the secretaries
Es la menos eficiente de todas las secretarias

ASK FOR DIRECTIONS

Can you tell me how to get to the train station ?


Excuse me , how can I get to the bank ?
Is the way to the post office ?
Where is .?
Excuse me can you tell me where is the bathroom?

The Perfect Progressive Tense


Se forma : have / has + participio de be (been) +, verbo en
ing
Ex:
I have been
Yo He estado

waiting for three hours


esperando por tres horas .

She has been feeling sick last week


Ella ha estado sientodose enferma la semana pasada

Preguntas para que te aclaren


I am afraid , I don t understand could you repeat that ,
please ?
I m sorry , I don t understand , Please repeat slowly .
I m not sure I understand , Could you explain that to me
again ?
What do you mean ?

Aclarar

What I m trying to say is .


Let me put it like this ..
Let me put it this way
Look , the idea is ..

Cundo lo entiendes

If I understand you correctly , you are saying that .


Do yo mean to say ..
In other words
So , you are really trying to say .

REMEMBER AND REMIND


Ambos indican recordar .
Remember , significa tener el recuerdo de algo , no olvidar algo, Utilizamos
el verbo remember cuando uno se acuerda l mismo, l slo, sin necesidad
de recordrselo nadie (acordarse)
EX :
I don t remember your adrees .
Remember that you have an appointment with the doctor today.
I remember reading that book in school.

REMIND
Hacerle acordar a alguien de algo , recordar (algo a
alguien)
lo usamos cuando recordamos algo a otra persona, porque se
le ha olvidado.
EX :
This place reminds me of home.
Remind me that I have an appointment with the doctor today.
That reminds me, I have to go to the bank.

ASK FOR THE PRICE


How much is that shirt ? Blusa , camisa
Can you tell me the Price of the jacket in the window ?
Chaqueta , casaca
Is that carpet for sale ? Esa alfombra esta a la venta
How much is this ?
How much is it ?

Tell me the Price

It is .
It costs .
Sure , It costs .
I am afraid not

Express apreciation and Thanks

Thank you ,
How kind of you , thanks
Thanks , how sweet of you
That is very generous of you, Thank you so much

Respond to expresssion of
thanks

Don t mention it
You are very welcome
It is been a pleasure
My pleasure
No problem

The verbs : wait , hope and


expect
Los tres significan esperar
Wait : Esperar a alguien
Ex : I am wait for you
Please wait for me , Don t walk so fast

Hope : Esperar que algo se cumpla como un deseo


I hope you are well
She hopes to be a famous actrees one day
I hope to be a pianist .

Expect : Esperar algo que se debe cumplir .


Ex :
We expect to move into our new house by june
She is expecting their third child

Letters writing forms (diferentes


formas al escribir una carta )
Informal
Dear ( estimado , querida )
Dearest (mas querido)
Regards to everyone( saludos a todos )
Keep well (mantente bien )
Take good care of yourself

Truly yours (sinceramente tuyo)


Best regards (atentamente , mejores deseos)
Kind regards (saludos cordiales )
Love and kisses
Sincerely

Formal
Dear Sir
Dear Madam
In reply to your recent letter (en respuesta a su carta reciente)
Thank you ever so much (muchsimas gracias)
I look forward to receiving a reply at your earliest convenience
(Espero con interes recibir una respuesta a la brevedada
possible )

Give my regards to your family (dele mis saludos a su


familia)
Respectfully yours (respetuosamente suyo)
Sincerely yours

READ
PAGE 70 Y 71

Make apologies and ask for


forgiveness

Forgive me for not calling earlier


Pardon(perdien) me /disclpame por .
I am sorry about what happened last night
I am terribly sorry , I forgot about our date
I fell terrible about what I said last night , please forgive
me

ACCEPT APOLOGIES (ACEPTAR


LAS DISCULPAS)

That s quite all right . Esta todo muy bien


That s okay , It doesn t matter
It is nothing
I guess it is okay
I accept your apology
It is okay , It is no big deal (no es gran cosa )
Sure

REVIEW TENSES
74 , 78

SOME VERBS
Demand (exigir): They demanded that she show her

Passport
Insist : She insists that you be there
Recommend : They recommend that you take two daily
Request (solicitar , pedido): I request that you not smoke
here .
Require (exigir): They require that you dress formally
Suggest : I suggest that you do your homework now

Medical Vocabulary

Bone: hueso
Stomach: estomago
Muscle : musculo
Lungs : pulmones
Heart: corazn
Brain : cerebro
Liver : hgado
Kidney : rion
Bladder : vejiga
A headache (a jedek): dolor de cabeza
An earache (eirek): dolor de odo

I am ill , I am sick / estoy enfermo


I am not feeling well
I am week (dbil)
I have pain (dolor fsico) here
I have cramps (calambres )
I have a sore throat (dolor de garganta): sor drout
I have diabetes
I have trouble breathing)(respiracin)
I ve heart problems
How many pill do I take?
Do you have anything for .
Sharp pain : fuerte dolor

86 , 87

Express satisfaction
Everything is perfect ( esta perfecto)
Everything is jus right (esta bien )
I am just fine , thanks

Express dissatisfaction

I am fed up with her lies (estoy harto de sus mentiras )


He is so unreliable (poco confiable)
I can t stand his attitude (no puedo soportar su actitud )
I am sick and tired of picking up after you (de recogerte despus)
I ve had enough of this (he tenido suficiente de esto )
Stop bugging me (deja de molestarme)
It really bugs me when people gossip (realmente me molesta
cuando la gente chismosea)

Express aproval
That suits you perfectly (eso te queda perfectamente)
I approve of your choice (eleccin)
You made a wonderful choice (tu hiciste una eleccin

increble)
I approve of your decisin
What a wonderful idea
That is a great idea (esto es una grandiosa idea)
Good thinking (Bien pensado)

Express Disapproval

I m not happy with your decisin


I dont think you should do that
I dont approve of your choice
I think it is inappropriate
It doesn t look good on you (no luce bien en ti )

To lend to borrow
To lend / prestar algo a alguien (give) dar
EX :
I willlendyou whatever book you need
Te prestar cualquier libro que necesites
I don't want tolendor borrow
No quiero ni prestar ni pedir prestado
Will youlendme your bicycle for an hour?
Me prestaras tu bicicleta por una hora?

To borrow :utilizamosborrowpara expresar que tomamos algo de otra


persona, el cual devolveremos despus de un determinado tiempo.(pedir
prestado)
EX :
When weborrowmoney, we must agree the conditions
Cuando se pide dinero prestado, se deben aceptar las condiciones
May Iborrowthis book?
Puedo tomar prestado este libro?
I returned the knife which I hadborrowed
Devolv el cuchillo el cual haba tomado prestado

PAGE : 87 , 102

PRONOMBRES REFLEXIVOS
Myself (yo mismo , a mi )
Ex : I saw it myself (yo mismo lo vi)
Yourself (a ti mismo , a ti , a usted mismo , a usted)
Ex: Don t burn yourself (no te quemes , no se queme)
Himself (el mismo , a si mismo)
Ex: He hurt himself (Se hizo dao )

Herself : ella misma , a si misma


Ex : She did it herself ( lo hizo ella misma)
Itself : el mismo , a si mismo
Ex : The cat scratched itself (el gato se rasco)
Ourselves : Nosotros mismos
Ex : We made it ourselves
Lo hemos hecho nosotros mismos

Yourselves : vosotros mismos , ustedes mismos


Ex : Did you Paint the house yourselves ?(pintaron la casa
ustedes mismos)
Themselves : Ellos mismos
Ex : They were speaking to themselves
Ellos hablaban consigo mismos

Sentences with reflexives


pronouns

To
To
To
To
To
To

amuse oneself : divertirse ..


ask oneself : preguntar..
be angry with yourself : enojar .
be mad at myself :
be honest with oneself :
be proud of herself : orgullosa

To
To
To
To
To
To
To

be satisfied with himself :


congratulate myself:
convince themselves :
enjoy themselves :
feel sorry for oneself:
hurt oneself :
introduce myself :

To
To
To
To
To
To

kill myself :
look at yourself :
promise myself :
swear to myself :
take care of herself :
warm yourself : abrigar

Snacks and desserts

Apple Pie
Cake
Candy
Cherry pie
Chocolate cake
Cookie
Custard : flan (coster)
Ice cream
Pie : pastel
Potato chips : papas fritas
Rice pudding : arroz con leche
Soda
Sugar
Sweets
Yogurt

Nuts /nueces /frutos secos en


general

Almonds: almendras
Chestnuts : Castaas
Coconuts : Cocos
Hazelnuts : avellanas (heiselnots)
Peanuts: cacahuates
Walnuts : nueces

Page : 88, 94

ASK FOR PERMISSION


With Can
Can I borrow your car ?
Can I wear Your Green sweater tonight ?
Can I stay at your place tonight?
With Could
Could you lend me your car ?
Could I go with you ?

With will
Will you allow(permitir) me to go home early?
Will you let(dejar) me go to the movies tonight?
With would
Would you mind (importar) if I used your phone ?
Would you mind if I smoked ?
Would you give me permission to stay (quedarse) out till 3 : 00
am?

With may
May
May
May
May

I
I
I
I

have permission to go to the concert tomorrow night?


have some coffe ?
smoke ?
use your pone?

With is it all righ if


Is it all right if I take the car tonight?
Is it all right if I smoke?
Is it all right if I use your phone ?

Give Permission
Sure , Just fill it up (llenalo) before your return it
Go ahead , It is right there , in my top drawer (cajo de
arriba)
Of course , you may
Not at all , Go ahead
Certainly

Deny permission (negar)


Absolutely not , the last time you borrowed it , you had an

accident with it
I am afraid you can t
I rather you did not
I am sorry but we don t allow people to make personal
calls
I am sorry , but I don t lend my car to other people

REVIEW PREPOSITIONS

About : cerca de , acerca de


Above : arriba
Across : a travs de , al otro lado de , cruzando
Against : contra , en contra de
Along : a lado de , a lo largo de
Among : en medio , entre
At : en ,a , de , por, para
Behind : detrs , atrs
Below : abajo , debajo
Beside : junto a , a lado de
Between : entre
Beyond : mas alla , mas lejos
By : por , de , en , a , con , segn
Despite : a pesar de
Down : abajo , hacia a bajo , bajo
During ; durante
For : para , por
From : de , desde , apartir de
Into : en , dentro de
Like : como
Near : cerca de
Out : afuera
Over : en cima de
Since : desde
Through: a travs de , mediante , por medio
Till : hasta
To : a , hacia
Under : debajo
Up : arriba
Within : dentro

Without : sin

Argue : argumentar
Complain : Reclamar
Concerned : preocupado , interesado

Stare : mirar fijamente


Hold : mantener , sostener , sujetar , guardar
Blame : culpar
Pray : rezar
Absent : ausente

67

Substitute : Sustituir
Prevent: prevenir
escape : Escapar
Hide : esconder , ocultar
Rescue : rescatar
Dissapointed : decepcionado
Dressed : vestido
Involved : envuelto
Succeed : triunfar , tener xito
Accuse : acusar
Aware : conciente
Convinced : convencido
Guilty : culpable
Terrified : aterrado
Rely : confiar
Accostumed : acostumbrado
Addicted : adicto
Committed : comprometido
Engaged : prometido , comprometido
Faithful : fiel ,leal
Relevant : relevante

Acquainted : familiarizado
Annoyed : irritado, enojado
Blessed : bendito
Crowded : (crauded) concurrido , lleno de gente
Filled : lleno
Upset : molesto

Review
23 , 28 , 35

BOOK 3

IDIOMS (refranes)
Better late than never : Mejor tarde que nunca
Birds of a feather flock together : Dios los cria y ellos se juntan
An eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth : ojo por ojo diente por
diente
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure: Una onza de
prevencion vale una libra de cura .
Charity begins at home : la caridad comienza en casa
I'll sleep on it : Voy a dormir en el

In the land of the blind the one eyed is king : En el pais de


los ciegos el tuerto es el rey
money makes the world around : El dinero hace al mundo
girar
The road to hell is paved with good intentions : El camino
al infierno esta pavimentado con buenas intenciones
It is no use crying over spilt milk : No se sirva llorar sobre
la leche derramada

Singular and Plural Pronouns


The words each , every , everybody , somebody , nobody ,
anyone , are all singular and must use : he o his , she or her ,
it or its
Ex :
Each of them has his (her) own taste in clothes
Somebody forgot his (her) cellphone
Everybody made his (her)own coffe
Each person is responsable for his (her ) own happiness

Every man , woman and child must prepare himself or herself for any
eventually .
Or significa singular
Jhon or Mary must serve his or (her) own coffe
Plural pronouns :
All men , women and children must prepare themselves for any eventually
And signifies plural
Jhon and Mary must serve their own coffee

Reciprocal pronouns
Each other , one other
Ex : Lyle and Frances once loved each other : Lyle y Frances
una vez se amaron el uno al otro
They still enjoy taking to one another : Ellos aun disfrutan
hablar uno al otro