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PROTECTION & CONTROL

MiCOM relay training Product Introduction


Joe Steyn 082 574 4134
August 2013

Administration
Attendance register
Start and end times
Comfort breaks and meals
General

Course Programme
DAY 1 - 5
Micom product introduction - slide show
Micom S1 Studio: Installation and practical
Micom P120 & P122 - slide show & practical
Micom P521 - slide show & practical
P632 slideshow and practical
P341 - Introduction

Aim of the course


Relay operation, menu, keypad
navigation - Setting changes
Analise relay alarms
System fault analysis
Relay maintenance
MiCOM Studio software & RS232
Front Port relay communication
Relay Settings & Configuration

Micom Protection Relay Introduction

Micom Product Identification


Microsoft PowerPoint
Presentation

Presentation

MiCOM

Presentation

M
Presentation

Clients
ACTOM

Presentation

Micom Relay Identification


P341 Interconnection relay
40 Range ...
30 Range ...
20 Range ...

P632 Transformer Differential


P12x OC & EF
P521 Fdr Diff

10 Range ...

All the relays in a specific/common platform have the same


hardware, software and operational method.

Micom Relay Identification

P92x/ P94x Frequency Protection Relays


P840 Autoreclose Relays
P74x Bus bar Protection Relays

P63x/ P64x Transformer Protection Relays

P521/ P54x Line/Feeder Differential


P43x/P44x Distance Protection Relays

P34x Generator Protection Relays


P22x/ P24x Universal Motor Protection Relay

P12x/ P13x/ P14x Feeder Management Relays (OC & EF)

Relay Cortec Code example


P521B0GZ112CA0
Application: Feeder Protection Relay
Earth Current: 0.01 - 8x I nom
NA
1300nm single-mode / single channel (43dB)
Vx: 48 250 Vdc/48 240 Vac
Communications Protocol: Modbus
Language: English
Phase II
Software version 12
Mounting Options: Standard

All Micom Relays have 3


Interfaces
1. Front keypad with LCD display and leds
2. Local communication to a PC: RS232 front port
communication is through a nine pin d-connector,
USB or serial cable, with Micom Studio software,
(Micom S1).
3. Remote communication: Rear port communication
through a RS485 link with MODBUS
communication protocol, chosen at time of order.
(Optional rear comms ports for P632 & P341)

Front Keypad, LEDs & LCD


(First User Interface)

Micom Relay Front Plate: P12x


Relay Information
Clear key
(Alarm reset)
Trip Led
Alarm Led
Equipment Fail Led

Read key
(Alarm viewer)
Enter key
Navigation keys

Relay Healthy Led


Programmable Leds
Battery

RS232 Front Port


Communication

Front Plate Keys

The keypad has seven keys, arranged in two groups:


1. The two keys located below the
screen:
Alarm read/display key
Clear key

2. The five keys in the centre are dedicated to menu navigation


and programming.
The arrow keys make it possible to move in the
menu, in the direction indicated
The Enter key is used to validate a setting change

Micom Relay LED Description


Fixed leds

Programmable leds

All Micom relays have four fixed leds and 4, 8 or 12


programmable leds, depending on the model used

Alarm & Warning LEDs


Two types of alarm and warning messages:
1. Alarm messages generated by the
electrical power network.
If one or several messages are NOT READ and NOT
ACKNOWLEDGED, the ALARM LED 2 flashes.
If all the messages have been READ but NOT
ACKNOWLEDGED, the ALARM LED 2 lights up
continuously.

2. Warning messages caused by hardware


or software faults from the relay.
Not possible to acknowledge and clear,
unless the cause of the hardware or
software failure has been removed.
lights up continuously for major fault: RL0
operates, no protection
Flashes for minor fault eg comms fail;
protection still available

Relay Identification Information

Under the top cover is the information regarding the relay:


A label identifies the relay according to its model and serial
number.
These numbers must be referred to in all requests made to
Alstom,
It defines the relay in a way that is unique to the relay.
Information about the relays auxiliary supply is printed on this
label too.

MiCOM Px2x & Px4x Password

A password is required to change the relay settings and configuration


Default is AAAA the user can change it to his own combination of
four characters.
Contact Actom to obtain a bypass if a changed password is lost.

Regarding P12x and P521 relays:


The programming mode is displayed with the letter P on the LC

No rear or front port remote comms will be successful when the r


is in password mode.

Password mode is active for five minutes after the last keypad ac

MiCOM Px2x Range Settings


The functions are devided in three groups:
1. Protection Functions
2. Automation Functions
3. Ancilliary Functions
The P122 S1 file will be used to illustrate Settings & Configuration

MiCOM Px2x Menu navigation


DEFAULT DISPLAY
IA = 1245 A

OP PARAMETERS

Password
****

Description
P123-1

Reference

CONFIGURATION

Display

CT Ratio

Default Display
RMS I A

Phase A Text
ALST

Phase B Text

Frequency

Phase C Text

Input
Status

54321
00101

Relay
Status

87654321
00001011

Line CT sec

E/Gnd CT primary
1000

E/Gnd CT sec
C

50 Hz

Active Group =
1

Line CT primary
1000

Software version
4.H

LED 5 / 6 / 7 / 8

E/Gnd Text
N

Led
I>
tI>
l>>
tI>>
I>>>
tI>>>
Ie>
tIe>
Ie>>
tIe>>
Ie>>>
tIe>>>
Therm Trip
Brkn. Cond
CB Fail
tI2>
Input 1
Input 2
Input 3
Input 4
Input 5
Recloser Run

Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Recloser Blocked Y/N
tAux 1
Y/N
tAux 2
Y/N
tI2>>
Y/N

Date
30/01/01

MiCOM P123 Example


Time
14 : 15 : 34

Group Select

Alarms

Change Group
Input = EDGE

Setting Group
1

Configuration
Inputs

Inst. Self-reset ?
No

Inputs :

54321
00001

Alarm Battery =
No

Voltage input =
DC

Front Port Communication


& MiCOM Studio S1
(Second Interface)

Comms Ports
RS485 rear port
Terminals 29-32 are dedicated for copper
connection on the Px2x
Dedicated rear comms port for P632
Remote communication up to 1.2 km

RS232 front port


This port is dedicated to Micom Studio software
Standard RS232 shielded cable with 9 pin male
D-connector
USB to serial convertor is used for PCs without
a serial port
Local communication (15 meters)

RS232 Front port

New firmware downloading (flash


memory)
MiCOM S1 setting software on PC
Measurements on PC
Disturbance and Event record extraction

RS232 Front Port


Communication
Local communication, not meant for permanent
connection, max distance 15m
Serial comms: 9 pin D-connector cable, wired from
point to point: 2,3 and 5
USB to serial convertor for PCs without a serial port

Micom Studio v3.5.2 (Feb


2013)

Studio is an Integrated Configuration and Monitoring


Tool, developed to support Micom relay
communication

Supports comprehensive range of operating systems


(eg. Microsoft Windows 2000, XP, Vista)

Designed with various needs of different users in mind

Offline Configuration For Protection Engineers,


System Integrators etc.,

Online Configuration For Commissioning


Engineers etc.,

Micom Studio

Setting File management


Monitoring
Real-time measurement visualization and monitoring

Event and Disturbance Record extraction and analysis of


records
Demo and Practical

Relay Maintenance

Relay Maintenance

MiCOM relays are self-supervising; require less


maintenance than earlier designs of relays.
Most problems will result in an alarm, (watchdog),
so that remedial action can be taken.
However, some periodic tests should be done to
ensure that the relay is functioning correctly and
the external wiring is intact.

Measurement accuracy
If the power system is energized, the values
measured by the relay can be compared with
known system values, to check that they are in the
approximate range that is expected.
If they are, then the analogue/digital conversion
and calculations are being performed correctly by
the relay.
Alternatively, secondary injection (recommended)
can be done to prove the calibration accuracy is
being maintained.
Thermal withstand of both phase and earth current
inputs:
100 In - 1 s
40 In - 2 s
4 In
- Continuous (In = Inominal, 1 or 5 amp)

Replacing the Px2x Relay


The

relay can be withdrawn from its case while on load.


all CT inputs are automatically shorted out
no tripping order is generated,
the watchdog relay drops out,
the RS485 link is not interrupted.

Insert a 3mm screwdriver into the hole situated under


the upper hinged cover above the LCD and turn the
lock pin 90 to the left:

System Fault Analysis

Fault Analysis

The relays have integral measurements for


analysis of system disturbances:
Event
Fault
Disturbance recording

Event Records
The relay records and time tags events, to a
resolution of 1ms, and stores them in its memory.
An event may be a:

change of state of a control input or output relay,


an alarm condition,
setting change,
protection element starts and trips

Px2x stores 75, the oldest event will be


overwritten by the new one.
The event records are available for viewing either
via the frontplate LCD, the RS232 front
communication port with Micom Studio, or
remotely, via the rear communications ports

Fault Records
Fault records are viewed on the LCD screen
These records contains information on system
disturbances: time, measurements etc.
Each time a fault record is generated, an event is
also created
The fault measurements in the fault record are
given at the time of the protection start it is a
snapshot of the fault values at the time of fault
inception and can be different from the maximum
fault quantities during the fault duration

Disturbance Recorder

A disturbance record is extracted with Micom


Studio from the communication ports
It is viewed with Wavewin or E-view on a computer
It consists of analogue and digital data channels
The relevant CT and VT ratios for the analogue
channels are also extracted to enable scaling to
primary quantities.
The pre and post fault recording times are
programmable in the relays

THE END

// - - P 35