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The Life of Jimmy Carter

Early Life
1924: Born in in Plains, Georgia
He was the 7th Generation of Carters to live
in Georgia
His Father was a peanut farmer and
businessman, his mother was a nurse.

Education
Attended public school, Georgia
Southwestern College, Georgia
Institute of Technology.
In 1946 he received a degree from
US Naval Academy

1946 Carter married Rosalynn Smith


1946 Carter enters the Navy
Carter served as a submariner, in both the Atlantic and
Pacific fleets
He served in the nuclear submarine program in
Schenectady New York
1953 (after seven years in the navy) Carter returned
to Georgia upon the death of his father

1953-1962 Upon his return to Georgia he took over Carter


farms
He and his wife ran Carters Warehouse- a seed and farm
supply company
At this time, Carter became involved in community and
county leadership
1962: Carter is elected into Georgia Senate
1966: Carter unsuccessfully runs for Georgia Governorship
1971: Carter wins Georgia Governorship after 2nd
campaign
1974: Carter serves as Democratic National Committee
campaign chairman for democratic gubernatiorial and
congressional races.

December 1974: Carter announces candicacy


for Presidency
Senator Walter F Mondale becomes his running
mate.
November 1976: Carter is elected President

The Presidency 1977-1981

Major Events include:


Created the Department of Energy
Panama Canal treaties
Camp David Accords
SALT II treaty
Establishment of US diplomatic relations with the
PRC
Reorganization Department of Education
Major environmental protection legislation

Early Years of Carter


Presidency
Carters early years in office were
marked by a fraught relationship with
Congress. Upon entering office Carter
backed bold legislation including the
pardoning of the all draft dodgers
and a

Domestic Policy
Carter was president at the time of
economic uncertainty. Carters
strategy to combat unemployment,
consisted of tax cuts and increased
spending. These policies resulted in
high inflation. The term stagnation
(meaning high unemployment, high
inflation and slow growth) was coined
to describe the resulting recession.

Major Domestic
Achievements

Carters crowning achievement was in


energy policy. Carter established the
Department of Energy. He also established
a 1.6 Billion Dollar superfund to clean up
chemical waste. Carter Sought to tackle the
countrys energy crisis through developing
alternative energy sources, including
nuclear power, and through diplomacy in
the oil-producing Middle East.

Foreign Policy
Carter was a champion of human rights. He famously
criticized the Soviet Union for their failure to follow the
Helsinki doctrine.
He also stripped funding/us aid from Nicaragua, South Africa,
Chile and Guatemala based on their long records of human
rights abuses.
Carters major achievements in this arena included the 1978
return of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama. (Although this
decision was widely criticized in the US media, as showing US
weakness abroad) and the Camp David Accords.
The Camp David Accords were a series of treaties between
Egypt and Israel negotiated at Camp David in Maryland.
Through Carters mediation, Israel agreed to return Egyptian
territory and Egypt agreed to recognize Israeli statehood.

Foreign Policy (ii)


1979: In response to the Soviet Invasion of
Afghanistan, Carter refused to sign SALTii (an arms
limitation treaty) and pushed for a boycott of the
the 1980 Olympics in Moscow.
1979-180: Iran Hostage Crisis
a mob stormed the US Embassy, taking the 52
Americans hostage. Ayatollah Khomeini supreme
leader of Iran, after the revolution, demanded the
release of Iranian funds in exchange for the return
of the hostages. Attempts to rescue the hostages
through the military operations failed disastrously.
Resulting in the death of 8 US service men.
Eventually, the Carter administration released the
Iranian funds and the hostages were released 444

Relationship with the Media


Arguably, Carters fraught relationship with the
media contributed to his unpopularity during
office. He was portrayed either as aloof and
overly moralistic, or as politically inept
because of his uncompromising nature. He was
often portrayed as being unable to successfully
push legislation through congress. Despite this
perception, the Miller center argues that Carter
was more successful with congress than many
of his predecessors including, Ford and Nixon.

Post Presidency
1982: Carter is appointed University
Distinguished Professor at Emory University
1982: Carter founds The Carter Center
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkkh94vHT38

1986: The Carter Presidential Center opens


Center includes the Jimmy Carter Library and
Museum

http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.gov/

2002: Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize


"for his decades of untiring effort to find
peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to
advance democracy and human rights, and to
promote economic and social development.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
IIMtxRCQa6A
Teddy Roosevelt, Barack Obama and Woodrow Wilson are the
only other Presidents to receive he Nobel Peace Prize.
Carter is unique in having received the prize after he left the
presidency

2015: Carter is diagnosed with Cancer


2016: Carter announces that he is
cancer free. Completes

Works Cited
Biography of Jimmy Carter."Biography of Jimmy Carter. Jimmy
Carter Presidential Center, n.d. Web. 04 July 2016.
"Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter's Remarks at the Funeral
Service for President Gerald R. Ford."The Carter Center: Waging
Peace, Fighting Disease, Building Hope. The Carter Center, 02 Jan.
2007. Web. 27 June 2016.
"James Carter."The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 July 2016.
"Jimmy Carter."History.com. A&E Television Networks,LLC, n.d.
Web. 4 July 2016.
"Selected Speeches of Jimmy Carter."Selected Speeches of Jimmy
Carter. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2016.
"Welcome to Jimmy Carter Presidential Library."Jimmy Carter
Presidential Library and Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 July 2016.
"Our Mission."The Carter Center: Waging Peace, Fighting Disease,
Building Hope. The Carter Center, n.d. Web. 04 July 2016.

"Jimmy Carter: Domestic Affairs."The Miller


Center. The Miller Center, University of Virginia,
n.d. Web. 4 July 2016.