By Shanarra Sapida Class B #20

• Italy has a population of about 58,145,321 (July 2008 est.) people. Italy is ranked the twentythird among the world’s most populated nations. • There are many ethnic groups in Italy but the main one is Italian. The second largest is Romanian and the third is Arab.The main religion of Italy is Roman Catholicism. • Rome, Italy’s capital, is also the largest city in the country having a population of 2.8 million people. The other large cities are: Milan:1.3 million, Naples: 975,000 million and Turin having 900,000 million.

• Italy is a boot-shaped peninsula located in Southern Europe. • Austria, France, Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland all border Italy. • The oceans that Italy is bordered by are: Adriatic Sea to the East, Ionian Sea to the south, Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, and Ligurian Sea to the northwest.

• Italy has four major lakes; Garda (largest lake), Lake Como(the deepest), Maggiore, and Lake Trasimeno (fourth largest lake). • Monte Bianco, the most highest peak in Europe, is standing tall at about 15,781 feet in the Italian-French border.

• The climate in Italy is diverse depending on the location. The coastal areas can have mild winters and warm generally summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot. • Italy has mild winters. It’s mostly chilly by the Alps and cool along the Apennines. But either way, the Alps have long and severe winters.

• The main natural resources of Italy are coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish and arable land. • Industrial products include steel, iron, computers, motor vehicles, chemicals, and textiles. • For agriculture, farmers grow fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish. The leading animals that they raise are cattle, sheep, goats, and cow.

• Italy has had a republic government since June 2, 1946. The president is the chief of the state and the prime minister is head of government. The council get to elect the president and members of the executive committee. People who are over 18 years old can vote.

Colonies Arrive

Roman THE Republic Conquer OF Italy
509 B.C. 272 B.C.

Holy The Empire Capital

World World War I War II

Prime Minister

2000-800 B.C.

A.D. 800

1870

1915

1940

2001

Latins and other colonies arrive

The first Rome Roman conquers Republic is Italy established

The first Rome Holy becomes Roman capital Empire is establish ed

Italy enters World War I

Italy enters World War II on Germany’s side

Berluscon i becomes Prime Minister

• One of the main attractions in Italy is the Roman Colliseum. The Roman Colliseum had been built thousands of years ago. It acted like an amphitheater that can seat up to 5,000 spectators. The rich, wealthy citizens were up in front, the ordinary citizens were in the middle and the slaves were all the way at the top (very UNFAIR!!!). • Another one is the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The tower was built in the 12th century and started to lean as soon as it was built; maybe because of the sandy foundations.