U.

4
ENERGY
TEACHER: SARA PASCUAL

Introduction

WHAT IS THE ‘ENERGY’?
WE NEED ENERGY TO RUN, TO TRAVEL, TO
WORK… DEFINITELY, TO DO MANY THINGS

In our homes and offices we need ELECTRICITY In the countryside the tractors and other machines need PETROL .

cars and motorbikes Trains run on need PETROL ELECTRICITY .Factories and power plants need ELECTRICITY Buses.

ENERGY AND ENERGY TRANSFER .

candles… CHEMICAL ENERGY It exists in food. fuel and living things KINETIC ENERGY It is produced by things in movement ELECTRIC ENERGY We can see it during a storm SOUND ENERGY It produces sound .HEAT ENERGY We can feel it in a fireplace LIGHT ENERGY We can see it in lamps.

From ELECTRIC ENERGY to LIGHT ENERGY ENERGY CHANGES .

From KINETIC ENERGY to SOUND ENERGY ENERGY CHANGES .

From CHEMICAL ENERGY to KINETIC ENERGY ENERGY CHANGES .

From ELECTRIC ENERGY to HEAT ENERGY ENERGY CHANGES .

SOURCES OF ENERGY They can be renewable or nonrenewable .

Heat water and produce electricity.Light from the sun is collected SOURCESby solar panels and transformed HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY Water flows through turbines to create electricity RENEWABLE ENERGY .WIND ENERGY We use wind turbines to transform wind into energy. . SOLAR ENERGY .

We burn it to produce heat and electricity.We burn it to cars. . GAS OIL . produce heat and electricity.COAL .It’s extracted from mines. that is used by machines and . We use them faster than we can produce them.We use oil to digging a hole in produce petrol the ground. NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES The most important one comes from fossil fuels. .We get it by .

CONSEQUEN CES OF WASTING ENERGY Every time we use energy. it has an impact on our natural environment. .

Sometimes oil can spill into the sea. This contaminates water CONSEQUENCES OF WASTING ENERGY .

When we burn fossil fuels. we release harmful chemicals into the air CONSEQUENCES OF WASTING ENERGY .

This causes problems for animals and CONSEQUENCES OF WASTING ENERGY plants. .Solar panels. wind farms and man-made reservoirs change the natural landscape.

HOW CAN WE HELP SAVE ENERGY? .

TURN OFF any electrical computer that you are no longer using. TURN OFF the light when nobody is in the room. CYCLE OR TAKE THE BUS. Whenever possible. CLOSE THE DOOR AND WINDOWS if the heating is on. . WALK.

QUESTI ONS .

FIND FORMS OF ENERGY THAT RELATE TO THE FOLLOWING PICTURES .

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GIVE EXAMPLES OF ENERGY TRANSFORMATION. . - FROM KINETIC TO ELECTRIC ENERGY. .FROM CHEMICAL TO ELECTRIC ENERGY. .FROM CHEMICAL TO HEAT ENERGY. .FROM ELECTRIC TO HEAT ENERGY.

Which type of energy do you use more often during a day? RENEWABLE OR NONRENEWABLE? .

Think of two actions we can do in order to save energy. .

.Haga Haga clic clic en en el el icono icono para para agregar agregar una una imagen imagen What is the person doing in each picture? Explain why this is important.