NGN – Next Generation Network

Submitted By Shivpreet Singh Sandhu

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Principles of telecommunication networks
Using the same access line, circuit and packet networks utilize different mechanism to provide services and to share resources.
Circuit switched network (schematic)

access line

Packet switched network (schematic)

access line


Today operators run different networks which are interconnected.
Variety of networks

Existing networks

§e . g . P S T N
Central Functions
Services Services Services Control Control Control Transport Transport Transport

§e . g . G S M § Services Services
Central Functions

§e . g . I te rn e t n

Services Control Control Control Transport Transport Transport



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§m o b i e vo i l ce §ci i sw i e d rcu t tch §m o n o l th i i c stru ctu re

§d i re n t se rvi s ffe ce §p a cke t sw i e d tch §m o d u l r stru ctu re a

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Drivers and motivation for NGN deployment.
External drivers and internal motivation put pressure on operators’ NGN deployments.
Drivers Operators’ Motivation

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§d e ve l p n e w se rvi s o ce e a si r a n d fa ste r e § §e n h a n ce fl b i i exi l ty § §re d u ce o p e ra ti n a l o exp e n d i re s tu §re p l ce o f o l p l tfo rm s a d a a t th e i e n d o f l fe cycl r i e

Deployment of Next Generation Network


Basic concept of Next Generation Network.
A Next Generation Network can be defined by six key criteria.
p a cke t- o ri n te d n e tw o rk e su p p o re e ce i te g ra ti n o f exi n g i fra stru ctu rt b ro a d va ri ty o f se rvi s n o sti n NGN co n ce p t o p ss ie ss n fl exi l ty n ce a p p l ca ti n fo cu se d - a cce e n nn d e pae ndd e n t b i i re g a rd i g n e w se rvi s i o
se p a ra ti n i to d i re n t l ye rs u si g o p e n i te rfa ce s o n ffe a n n


Basic concept of Next Generation Network.
An IP-based NGN is able to support a broad variety of services.
Variety of services

V o i o ve r I ce P

D a ta

M ul m edi ti a


Transition to NGN: First wave
• Growth of Internet and other IP-based networks with their requirements for bandwidth and capacity has driven rapid innovation in telecommunication access and transport networks Examples: – leveraging copper wire “last-mile” networks through digital subscriber line (“DSL ”) technologies – re-architecturing of cable networks to support IP ‑ services – advances in optical networking technologies (e.g. PON)

Transition to NGN: Second wave
• Ongoing trend towards integration & interoperability of IPbased and PSTN network services and applications • Emergence of differentiated Quality of Service IP-based services • Managed end-to-end performance needed for new applications requiring real-time traffic (e.g., video, voice) • New network management, QoS, traffic engineering, pricing & accounting models

Transition to NGN: Third wave
• Evolution of current PSTN, mobile, wireless and IP-based networks to unified Next Generation Networks providing both Internet and carrier-grade telecommunications networks and services offerings with QoS • Transition to Third wave: Ubiquitous & Pervasive Networks – anybody, anytime, anywhere • Global Information Infrastructure (GII) – ITU, 1995 • EII ETSI Project (1995) • ITU NGN 2004 Project • Y .1xx ITU-T – SG 13 “NGN – Architecture, Evolution and Convergence”


Transition to


Telephone network


Mobile radio network

Multimedia Access - Advantages: •easy to handle •reliable •mobile

ITU-T definition of NGN (Feb 2004)

“A Next Generation Network (NGN) is a packet-based

network able to provide services including Telecommunications Services and able to make use of multiple broadband, QoSenabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It offers unrestricted access by users to different service providers. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.”

What is NGN? (From Layman’s point of view)
• Next Generation Services – Converged (quad-play, voice, data, video, mobile) • Next Generation Access – High speed (Broadband) IP based connectivity (ADSL, VDSL ,WI-Max, Cable TV, FTTH, ) • Next Generation Transport – Ethernet, IPMPLS • Next Generation Architecture – Service oriented, layered (transport, control, application) • Next Generation Mobile – 3G+ • Next Generation Internet – IPv6 • Next Generation Interconnect – Capacity and Quality based • Next Generation Licensing – Unified • Next Generation Regulation – Converged

Fundamental characteristics of NGN

* Packet-based transfer

• Separation of control functions among bearer capabilities, call/session, and application/ service • Decoupling of service provision from network, and provision of open interfaces • Support for a wide range of services, applications and mechanisms based on service building blocks (including real time/ streaming/ non-real time services and multi-media, Triple- play) • Broadband capabilities with end-to-end QoS and transparency • Inter working with legacy networks via open interfaces • Generalized mobility support • Unrestricted access by users to different service providers

Next Generation Network Plane and Functions
Monolithic networks evolve towards a layered NGN architecture with open interfaces.
NGN Planes Planes and functions
Application Plane

Value Added Service Creation Basic control service

Control Plane

Transport Plane

Packet Based Transport

Access Networks

§Application Plane enables the provisioning of services and provides the control and logic for the execution of services §Control Plane controls the elements of the network, establishes and tears down media connections §Transport Plane is responsible for the transport of media and signaling messages §Management Plane covers network management ensuring service fulfillment, service assurance and billing §Access Networks connect customer networks or terminals with the components of the NGN network and aggregate the dedicated traffic type

Management Plane

Key drivers of NGN development Short Term objective:

Create new revenue possibilities – Removal of boundaries between voice and data opens the way to new kind of services – Can be realized relatively quickly with limited investments

• • Long Term objective: Realize cost savings – Simpler network – More efficient network – Cheaper network components – Full benefit only realized when all separate networks have fully migrated towards to the target solution

Example NGN Service Drivers

Transport mechanisms of the unified network
• The unified network will use packet-based technology as the common transport mechanism – Data is the fastest growing segment due to • Success of Internet • Growing use of E-mail • Growing data traffic between business users – Data should be handled in the most efficient way – Packet technology is the best way to transport data – Packet technology is only technology that allows simultaneous delivery of different information streams towards one and the

NGN architecture
• Evolution of network architecture  – Traditional telephony - Circuit switch based PSTN

• Circuit Switched PSTN + Packet Switched IP network (VoIP Gateway) • SG – Signaling gateway • MGC – Media gateway controller • MG – Media gateway

Evolution of network architecture (Cont.)

• Completely IP-oriented network •

Evolution of network architecture (Cont.)

Typical NGN architecture

NGN Architecture
• NGN Concept
– A unified packet transport layer for all types of services – A session based control architecture
• For user to user voice , video and data services over the packet infrastructure

– A common Service delivery platform

• Expectations from NGN
– Generate new revenue streams by having fast roll out of new multimedia services – Secure voice revenue stream by integrating PSTN infrastructure with NGN – Provide solution to cater to PSTN obsolescence wherever applicable

Requirements for NGN Implementation
• Equipment and Network Interoperability between various Operators – A standards based functional architecture – Standard interfaces and protocols

• Ability to serve Fixed (Copper and fibre), Wireless and Mobile Networks • Open Services Architecture – Standard interfaces open to third party application service providers

• Q o S Control Mechanism – Important for voice and video services – Requires bandwidth allocation mechanism at access level as it is shared between various services

• Need to share management functions like provisioning, metering, billing, QoS monitoring

• Provide Generalized Mobility features – Mobility features at the fixed access, nomadism – Provide service continuity between fixed and mobile access leading to convergence

• Common technology for transport layer – IP/MPLS has emerged as the most suitable technology for this layer

Next Generation Network benefits
NGN has the potential to become the communication network of the future.
Next Generation Network
Application Plane

Customer benefits




Control Plane

Transport Plane IP

Management Plane


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Operator / provider benefits

Access Network

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Advantages of NGN
• NGN makes use of best of both the worlds (flexibility, efficiency & Innovativeness of IP and QOS ,Security, Reliability, Customer-friendly features of proven PSTN

• Advantages for service providers ü Reduced CAPEX due to integrated and efficient IP-based technology  (Packetize or Perish) ü Reduced OPEX due to transmission cost saving, less power consumption,

less space requirement, less O&M costs ü Ability to offer increased range of services ü More flexibility increasing market penetration by offering personal service customization and management ü Single network layer for management ü There is no need for separate voice and data networks

• Advantages for subscribers ü Reduced call charges


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