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WOOD
Members of group
ALAN ATENCIO ESCOBAR
PIERRE LIMACO AGUILAR
SPENCER PARI JIMENES
ELMER CHOQUEPATA
MAMANI
CARLOS PILCO

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INTRODUCTION
Wood can be used in many popular structural forms from the light duty
repetitive small structures to the larger and heavier framing systems
used in commercial projects such as arenas or storage facilities.
Because wood has a high strength to weight ratio, dead load is a smaller
component of the total load factor than for heavier materials. Usually the
lightest or least involved construction type appropriate for a given span
that is capable of carrying the design load is the most preferable.

TOYS

WOODEN FURNITURE

formwork

WOOD
INTRODUCCION

TEMA A

TEMA B

TEMA C

CATEGORIES
OF WOOD

SOLID
ESTRUCTUR
AL TIMBER

ENGINEERED
WOOD

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CATEGORIES OF WOOD

THE TWO MAIN CATEGORIES OF WOOD ARE:


HARWOOD

Usually from
deciduous tres,
which lose their
leaves in autumn,
although some
hardwood.
For example,
tropical hardwood
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comes from
other

SOFTWOOD

From coniferous
tres, which remain
Green throughout
the year in
engineering

CATEGORIES OF WOOD
SOFTWOOD

Solid Wood
Softwood or hardwood
that has been sawn into
specific shapes and
sizes, but whose natural
structure, consisting of
rain gand knots,
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remains intact.

Wood can be
categorized as:

Engineered Wood

Made by bonding
sticking together layers
of solid softwood or
hardwood, or by mixing
quantities of Wood
particles and bonding
them with resin.

VOCABULARY (CATEGORIES OF WOOD)

A
HARWOOD

Madera dura

SOFTWOOD

Madera blanda

Solid Wood
Engineered Wood
tropical hardwood

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Madera solida
Madera diseada
Madera dura tropical

VOCABULARY (CATEGORIES OF WOOD)

grain and knots

Granos y nudos

bonding

uniendo

timber

madera

lumber

madera

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VOCABULARY (CATEGORIES OF WOOD)

A
HARWOOD

Madera dura

SOFTWOOD

Madera blanda

Solid Wood
Engineered Wood
tropical hardwood

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Madera solida
Madera diseada
Madera dura tropical

VOCABULARY (CATEGORIES OF WOOD)

grain and knots

Granos y nudos

bonding

uniendo

timber

madera

lumber

maderas

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PRACTICE

Usually from deciduous trees, which lose their


leaves in autumn
which remain Green throughout the year

HARWOOD
SOFTWOOD

Softwood or hardwood that has been sawn into


specific shapes and sizes

Solid Wood

layers of solid softwood or hardwood

Engineered Wood

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PRACTICE

Usually from deciduous trees, which lose their


leaves in autumn
which remain Green throughout the year

HARWOOD
SOFTWOOD

Softwood or hardwood that has been sawn into


specific shapes and sizes

Solid Wood

layers of solid softwood or hardwood

Engineered Wood

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SOLID STRUCTURAL TIMBER

The text below is from


a tchnical handbook
about structural
timber Wood intended
to support loads in a
structure.

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SOLID STRUCTURAL TIMBER

Generally, timber is cut to the required section the


width and depth that determine its cross-section at
a sawmill where a range of section sizes are
produced. Timber from sawmills is generally
supplied in rough saw section. This refers to the
Surface texture produced by sawing timber with a
circular saw if the timber needs to have a smooth
finish.
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SOLID STRUCTURAL TIMBER

For examples because it will be visible in the


structure it can subsequently be planed to smooth
its Surface.

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SOLID STRUCTURAL TIMBER

Because the strength of Wood varies, structural


timber must be stress graded this means its
strength is tested in order to give it a stress grade a
standard strength value which an engineer can use
for desing calculations. Timber can be mechanically
stress graded where its strenght is checked by
machine.it can also be visually stress graded where
the Wood is examined by an inspector who looks for
potential weaknesses in particular the position of
knots.
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VOCABULARY (SOLID STRUCTURAL


TIMBER)

Structural timber

madera estructural

sawmill

aserradero

Rough saw
sawing

Madera aserrada sin


cepillar
aserradura

circular saw

Sierra circular

planed

cepillado

Stress graded

presion graduada

Mechanically stress
graded
Visually
stress

presion mecnico
calificado
presion
visual
graduada

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graded
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VOCABULARY (SOLID STRUCTURAL


TIMBER)

Structural timber

madera estructural

sawmill

aserradero

Rough saw
sawing

Madera aserrada sin


cepillar
aserradura

circular saw

Sierra circular

planed

cepillado

Stress graded

presion graduada

Mechanically stress
graded
Visually
stress

presion mecnico
calificado
presion
visual
graduada

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graded
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INGINEERED WOOD

Engineered Wood
Engineered Wood covers a range
of softwood and hardwood
materials it includes:
Cheap lo strength boards,
such as particle board (often
called chipboard) and medium
density fibreboard (MDF)

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ENGINEERED WOOD

Engineered Wood
Stronger boards suitable for structural use primarily
orientated strand board (OSB) which is made from strand
of Wood bonbed with resin, and pliwood which consists
of several plies layers of solid Wood bonded so that the
grain of each ply runs at 90 degrees to that of the
adjacent plies, to provide increased strength.

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INGINEERED WOOD

Engineered Wood
Glue laminated sections sometimes called glulams which
can be used as major struvtural elements such as beams
in large buildings.

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VOCABULARY(Engineered wood)

C
boards

tableros

Particle board
chipboard

Tableros de
partculas
Madera
aglomerada

fibreboard

fibra vulcanizada

Orientated strand
board
plywood
plies

Tableros de fibra
orientada
madera
contraplacada
capas

Glue laminated

Pegamento laminado

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WOOD

THANK YOU!
FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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