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Part II: Narrative and

Oppression

Objectives
Reflect on stages of racial identity
development
Identify how systemic racism or oppression
has shaped your life
Consider how you can develop multi-racial
alliances to address systemic oppression

Prejudice
judging before fully examining the
object of evaluation

Racial Prejudice
making a judgment based on
racial/ethnic/cultural group membership
before getting to know the person being
judged

Racism
combines prejudice with power
power to do something based on
prejudiced beliefs

Oppression
lack of privilege and power often
becomes oppression

Racial Identity
a sense of group or collective
identity based on ones perception
that he or she shares a common
racial heritage with a particular

Racial Identity Theory


focuses on the role of race and the
extent to which race is incorporated
into identity or self-concept

Racial Identity Theory


comes from tradition of treating
race as sociopolitical and, to a
lesser extent, a cultural
construction

Atkinson, Morten, and Sue


Racial Identity Model
anchored in the belief that all minority
groups

Atkinson, Morten, and Sue


Racial Identity Model
Experience the common force of oppression
Generate attitudes and behaviors consistent
with a natural internal struggle
Develop a strong sense of self and group
identity in spite of oppressive conditions

Conformity
identifying with the dominant culture
behavior that is the same of the
behavior of most other people in a
society or group

Dissonance
lack of agreement or inconsistency
between the beliefs one holds or
between one's actions and one's
beliefs

Resistance and
Immersion
withdrawing from dominant culture
to explore his or her own race or
ethnicity to define a new identity

Introspection
actively seeking to integrate the
redefined identity into the dominant
culture without compromising his or
her own identity

Synergistic Articulation and


Awareness
optimum identity
ability to identify as he or she wishes,
appreciate others and balance aspects
of his or her heritage

Helms Model of White Identity


Development
developed to show white people their role
in creating and maintaining a racist
society and the need for them to act
responsibly by dismantling it

Helms Model of White Identity


Development
consists of two processes:
the abandonment of racism and the
development of a non-racist white
identity

Historical Timeline
Political
Social
Economic

Historical Timeline
Where does your family history fit in?
Will you be on the right side of history
today?

Timeline History
Objectives:
Understand the importance of sharing our
stories in organizing against racism
Have a better sense of our shared
experiences
Understand the importance of stories in
anti-racism education

www.muslimarc.
org

www.takeonhate
.org