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TESTING & Drilling

Introduction

Drilling Operations – slide 1

Schlumberger Private

TESTING &
DRILLING
INTRODUCTION

TESTING & Drilling
Introduction

Client
questions:

• What is the size of my
reservoir?

• What fluids are going to
be produce?
Aim of Well
Testing:

• Identification of produced
fluids.
• Determination of reservoir
deliverability.
• Data used to predict
reservoir size
Drilling Operations – slide 2

Schlumberger Private

• How much will it produce?

TESTING & Drilling
Introduction

• Well testing is the only technique that examines a
significant portion of the reservoir under dynamic
conditions.
• Accurate, long-term projections about a reservoir
cannot be made based on wireline and others static
techniques..
• Tests on oil or gas wells are performed at various
stages of drilling (after open hole logging),
Drilling Operations
– slide
3
completion and production,
and
for
different

Schlumberger Private

Well Testing
determines
Production capabilities
Well Testing
determines Reservoir properties

surface and bottom hole Drilling Operations – slide 4 Schlumberger Private • Flow rates . gas. surface & bottom hole • PVT samples of representative reservoir fluids .TESTING & Drilling Introduction Data acquired when a reservoir is tested: • Pressure and Temperature . water & solids . oil.

Fixed rigs Jack up TESTING & Drilling Introduction Land rig Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 5 .

Floating rigs TESTING & Drilling Introduction Semi-Submersible Drillship Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 6 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Water Depth vs. Rig Types Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 7 .

TESTING & Drilling 3 categories of Introduction well: Schlumberger Private Vertical Deviated Horizontal Drilling Operations – slide 8 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 9 .

Land Rig TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 10 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Rig Hoisting System Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 11 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Rig Floor draw works dog house mouse hole rat hole Drillers console V-door ramp Drilling Operations – slide 12 Schlumberger Private drive .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private Rotary System Drilling Operations – slide 13 .

TESTING & Drilling In the Rotary Introduction Table Bushing s Drilling Operations – slide 14 Schlumberger Private Slips .

– Downhole motor does not require string rotation. Drilling Operations – slide 15 Schlumberger Private – Power swivel drills in stands (3 x 30’/2 x 45’) .Rotating System TESTING & Drilling Introduction – Kelly & Rotary Table drill 1 joint at a time.

TESTING & Drilling BOP stack Introduction Location All Fixed Rigs All Floating Rigs Just Bellow Rig Floor Sea bed Drilling Operations – slide 16 Schlumberger Private Ground level Sea level BOP stack .

TESTING & Drilling Why do we need a BOP stack ? Introduction Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 17 .

TESTING & Drilling Blow Out Introduction Preventers •Main Components –Pipe Rams –Shear Rams –Blind Rams –Annular Preventers Drilling Operations – slide 18 Schlumberger Private –Wellhead Connector .

BOP stack TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private (drilling) (drilling) Drilling Operations – slide 19 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction BOP stack / Pipe Rams Schlumberger Private •Fit a specific pipe size •Need pipe to make a seal Drilling Operations – slide 20 .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction BOP stack / Shear Rams •Both shears drill pipe and seals the hole •Emergency equipment Drilling Operations – slide 21 Schlumberger Private •Capacity to cut through 6-5/8” drill pipe .

TESTING & Drilling Introduction BOP stack HYDRILL : Annular Preventer in the wellbore Drilling Operations – slide 22 Schlumberger Private •Close/seal on any object .

Tubul ars TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 23 .

TESTING & Drilling Rig CirculatingIntroduction System Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 24 .

Cool the bit .Operate down hole motor / turbine Schlumberger Private •It can be either water or oil based .Makes a mud cake to seal permeable formation Drilling Operations – slide 25 .Provides a pressure to overcome that of the formation .Remove cuttings . •Mud is used to: .TESTING & Drilling Drilling Fluids Introduction •The drilling fluid is an essential part of the drilling and well control system.Lubricate the bit .

resulting in “lost circulation” Drilling Operations – slide 26 Schlumberger Private •The mud density is kept at a level to overcome expected reservoir pressures and keep the well at a positive “overpressure”.TESTING & Drilling Introduction Mud weights •It should be not too heavy or it will crack the formation. .

Casin g TESTING & Drilling Introduction •Casing sizes are always given as Outside Diameter •The Inner Diameter depends on the weight Drilling Operations – slide 27 Schlumberger Private •Casings start large and gradually become smaller .

Casin g TESTING & Drilling Introduction Schlumberger Private Liner 5-1/2” Drilling Operations – slide 28 .

Drilling Operations – slide 29 Schlumberger Private Cement ing •Cementing is used to fix the casing in place and provide mechanical strength to the system. . a squeeze has to be made to repair the deficit.TESTING & Drilling Introduction •The most essential use of cementing is to seal one zone from another. •If the cement is found poor.

porosity logs show porous zones . .sonic and density logs give information about the rock types Drilling Operations – slide 30 Schlumberger Private •Logging is a process of obtaining informations about the formation after the well has been drilled. This provides power and transmits the data to the surface where it is presented in the form of a “graph” against depth. .resistivity (high) logs show where the hydrocarbon may be .TESTING & Drilling Introduction Logging •A sensor is lowered into the well on the end of an electrical cable.

gives net & gross pay .TESTING & Drilling Introduction Testing and Logging Few logs are useful in Testing operations: • Cement bond logs – shows how good the cement is • Corrosion logs – shows possible problems inside & outside casing • Production logs – shows flow in the well • CCL – shows the casing collars Drilling Operations – slide 31 Schlumberger Private • Gamma ray – shows shale & clean zones.

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction • SEISMIC • LOGGING • DST / TESTING • PRODUCTION / TESTING Drilling Operations – slide 32 Schlumberger Private • DRILLING / GEOLOGY .

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction •Surface Seismic consists of making a “noise” and listening for the returning reflected signals Schlumberger Private Drilling Operations – slide 33 .

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction Schlumberger Private • A surface seismic with the interpreted model above Drilling Operations – slide 34 .

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction In addition to seismic there are: • Geology -The geochemistry tries to identify the source rock and also the possible migration path to the reservoir rock Drilling Operations – slide 35 Schlumberger Private -The geologist goes to identify potential cap and reservoir rocks • Geochemistry .

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction Drilling Drilling Operations – slide 36 Schlumberger Private • The objective of a well is to reach a reservoir zone safely and efficiently and then produce the fluids .

TESTING & Drilling Life of a well Introduction Schlumberger Private Drilled Workover Cased Recompleted Perforated Drilling Operations – slide 37 Produced .

avi (rotary table) .TESTING & Drilling Introduction To look at the special animations: •Wellinst (drilling a well) Drilling Operations – slide 38 Schlumberger Private •rotate.

TESTING & Drilling Introduction Drilling Operations – slide 39 Schlumberger Private The END .