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WHAT CONTRIBUTED TO BANGALORE

BECOMING THE SILICON VALLEY OF


INDIA?

INTRODUCTION

It is because the Indian government pumped


enormous amount of money for decades in
building defense & related tech in Bangalore.

Tech capitals don't come out of the blue.

In the case of Silicon Valley there is a huge


investment by both Indian government and
foreign MNCs.

SETTING UP THE TATA INSTITUTE SWAMI VIVEKANANDA INSPIRES JN


TATA

In 1893, one of India's most popular reformist


figures, Swami Vivekananda was returning
from a popular trip to the world fair in
Chicago.

During the return journey to India, a star


entrepreneur, Jamsetji Tata, met the Swami in
the ship. Their dialogue must have been
stunning enough for Tata to start an institute in
Bangalore now renowned as the Research
Institute of Science for India.

SIR RAMSAY LIKES BANGALORE

India's then viceroy, Lord Curzon liked this


idea of a research university and forwarded
the proposal to the Royal Society of
London.
There, William Ramsay, who won the
Nobel Prize for discovering noble gases,
was tasked with finding a suitable location.
Sir Ramsay toured around India and
suggested the southern city of Bangalore.
He found the elevation of 4500 ft offered a
very moderate climate of neither cool nor
warm & thus suitable for scientific
exploration.

RULED BY A GREAT RULER

More than just the climate, the region was ruled by


the legendary Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV who was
really passionate about education. He was probably
one of the best monarchs in India & really a
technophile. The kingdom was already ruled by
great kings like Tipu Sultan, who understood the
value of technology. He also had a great Diwan
[Prime Minister] in K. Seshadri Iyer and
later Visvesvaraya who both helped setup great
institutions.
This institution, later renamed as Indian Institute of
Science, would become the core of Indian research
for a century or more. It sort of became the
Stanford for India's silicon valley & powered
Bangalore.

INDIAN GOVERNMENT INVESTS GOBBLES OF MONEY


The region around Bangalore - Mysore state was a well run
state with a high level of education investment and availability
of abundant electricity through the hydropower projects.
Bangalore's climate was suitable, the city was welcoming, the
infrastructure was strong and also well connected to other
major southern metropolises of Madras and Hyderabad with
both talent pool & transportation infrastructure.
Thus, the Indian government lost no time in putting all its
research investments in the city. Bangalore is the headquarters
for:
National Aerospace Labs
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
Indian Space Research Organization
Bharat Electronics
Bharat Earth Movers
Hindustan Machine Tools
Indian Telephone Industries.

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