7 views

Uploaded by anurag3069

- 2.8 Gravitational Force.doc physics form 4 chapter 2 force
- Notes Physics Mass,Weight,Density
- Newton2ndLaw-Report
- ex2-2005-sol[1]
- Lab Manual: Air Track Newton 2nd Law (Uniform Acceleration in Linear Motion)
- Mid-Term IGCSE Physics
- Engineering Dynamics Chapter 2
- _OceanofPDF.com_A_Brief_History_of_Time.pdf
- 3 Free Falling
- 13 UCM Gravity
- Microgravity.teachers.guide
- Gravitation
- The Evolution of Physics
- Chapter 05 Homework
- Gravity Lesson
- Bundle 2 Review_KEY
- 6 Circular Oxford
- Roller Coaster Projects
- monday 2-27-12 lesson plan
- Force n Motion

You are on page 1of 11

LAW

ANURAG SHARMA

i.e, it had constant acceleration (as he termed it, the word means

addition of speed in Italian). Also, if air resistance and buoyancy

can be neglected, all bodies fall with the same acceleration, bodies of

different weights dropped together reach the ground at the same

time.

He also analyzed the horizontal and

vertical motions of a cannon ball in

flight independently. Whether the

canon ball is dropped or fired its vertical

drop at the end of successive seconds is

same.

Meanwhile, its horizontal motion will be

at a steady speed (neglecting air

resistance), it will go 100 meters in the

first second, another 100 meters in the

next second, and so on. Vertically, it

falls 5 meters in the first second, 20

meters total in two seconds, then 45

and so on.

Galileo drew the graph above of the

are the vertical distances fallen by

canon ball

Newton analyzed if cannon was put on a really high mountain above the atmosphere and

fired the cannon really fast?

The cannonball would still fall 5 meters in

the first second .

The surface of the earth curves away below

a horizontal line, so if the right speed is

chosen, after 1 sec the cannonball will have

reached a point where the earths surface

itself has dropped away by 5 meters below

the originally horizontal straight line. In that

case, the cannonball wont have lost any

height at all.

So cannonball is still moving horizontally,

or parallel to the earths surface directly

beneath it. And, no speed would have lost as

air resistance is nil, so exactly the same

thing happens in the next second, and the

next.

fell which set him thinking.

If the earth can attract an apple, can

it not attract the moon?

Is the force the same in both cases?

He conjectured that the same type of

force is responsible in both the cases.

He argued that at each point of its

orbit, the moon falls towards the

earth, instead of going off in a

straight line. So, it must be attracted

by the earth.

The motion of the moon around the

earth is due to the centripetal force.

The centripetal force is provided by

the force of attraction of the earth. If

there were no such force, the

A straight line that meets the circle at one

moon would pursue a uniform

and only one point is called a tangent to

straight line

the circle.

Does the apple attract the earth? If so, we do not see the earth moving

towards an apple. Why?

Now similar force exists between the Sun and the planets. From

the above facts Newton concluded that not only does the earth

attract an apple and the moon, but all objects in the universe

attract each other.

The force is proportional to

the

product

of

their

masses

and

inversely

proportional to the square

of the distance between

them.

The force is along the line

joining the centres of two

objects.

Keplers

laws are:

1. The orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the

Sun at one of the foci, as shown in the figure

given below. In this figure O is the position of

the Sun.

2. The line joining the planet and the Sun

sweep equal areas in equal intervals of time.

Thus, if the time of travel from A to B is the

same as that from C to D, then the areas

OAB and OCD are equal.

3. The cube of the mean distance of a planet

from the Sun is proportional to the square of

its orbital period T. Or,

Assuming that planet moves in circular orbit, the centripetal force,

= a constant

F , v is orbital velocity and r is orbital radius

----------- (1)

Also, v = , T being time period or

Replacing from (2) in (1):

F x x

or F x

-------------- (2)

So, Newton deduced from Keplers law that the Gravitational force,

providing centripetal force to planet to move in circular orbit,

decreases by square of distance i.e if d gets bigger by a factor of

6, F becomes 1/36 times smaller.

the equation, , G is Universal Constant of Gravitation

In

Value of G was found by Henry Cavendish to be

explained several phenomena which were

believed to be unconnected:

(i) the force that binds us to the earth;

(ii) the motion of the moon around the earth;

(iii) the motion of planets around the Sun; and

(iv) the tides due to the moon and the Sun.

Free

fall

So, the force equation for objects far from earth can be written as:

Where d is the distance between the object and earth. For an object

near or on earth,

We have :

of the object falling. So, a rock and feather will fall at

the same rate of change of velocity if air resistance is

neglected.

The earth is not a perfect sphere. As the radius of the

earth increases from the poles to the equator, the

value of g becomes greater at the poles than at the

equator.

Calculation of value of g:

We have:

Universal Gravitation Constant,

Mass of Earth,

Radius of Earth,

So,

Mass is the measure of inertia of a body. It remains

same irrespective of location of the body in the

universe. SI unit is kg.

Weight of an object on earth is the force by which

earth attracts the object i.e:

SI unit is Newton. The weight is a force acting

vertically downwards; it has both magnitude and

direction. Since g is constant, . So, at a given place,

we can use the weight of an object as a measure of

its mass. Weight depends on location of the body.

Comparison of Weight of

a body of mass m on

earth and moon

Using data in table, weight

of

the body on earth is

given as:

of body on moon:

.. (2)

(2) by (1):

- 2.8 Gravitational Force.doc physics form 4 chapter 2 forceUploaded byEzra Loganathan Muniandi
- Notes Physics Mass,Weight,DensityUploaded bySalman
- Newton2ndLaw-ReportUploaded byPrasanth
- ex2-2005-sol[1]Uploaded bybockerknicker
- Lab Manual: Air Track Newton 2nd Law (Uniform Acceleration in Linear Motion)Uploaded byNorline Petin
- Mid-Term IGCSE PhysicsUploaded bygdsuta
- Engineering Dynamics Chapter 2Uploaded byMuhd Salman Farisi
- _OceanofPDF.com_A_Brief_History_of_Time.pdfUploaded byhardik singh cheema
- 3 Free FallingUploaded byAhmed Maged
- 13 UCM GravityUploaded byeltytan
- Microgravity.teachers.guideUploaded byAmeroid
- GravitationUploaded byAditya Nanda
- The Evolution of PhysicsUploaded bysrinivas
- Chapter 05 HomeworkUploaded byFatboy91
- Gravity LessonUploaded byNicole Blackburn
- Bundle 2 Review_KEYUploaded byABHISHEK Singh
- 6 Circular OxfordUploaded byGajendra
- Roller Coaster ProjectsUploaded byDustyC7
- monday 2-27-12 lesson planUploaded byapi-112265046
- Force n MotionUploaded bySapari Vel
- Engineering Mechanics1Uploaded bySrikrishna Jana
- gravity cra final writing pageUploaded byapi-462593010
- Problem Sheet Up to Equilibrium_updatedUploaded bySayan Karmakar
- Wind Energy 101Uploaded byAngga Wien
- Pch3lec1Uploaded byRoberto Pereira
- Gillies IndexUploaded bybobbby
- 1-s2.0-S1319157814000032-mainUploaded byDhanarasiSyam
- 06Conceptests Clickers 2Uploaded bystephensreenivasulut
- GravitationUploaded byOm Jethwani
- Experience Mass Money Makers Good Quality While Not Flaw PDFUploaded byImmanuel

- Stress in Structural MaterialsUploaded byanurag3069
- BRIEF ON IRON AND STEEL IN MODERN INDIAUploaded byanurag3069
- BG LawUploaded byManabeshHota
- HIGH SPEED COACHES.pdfUploaded byanurag3069
- Why You Aren't Successful Despite Being Talented n HardworkingUploaded byanurag3069
- Beijing Iron & SteelUploaded byanurag3069
- Stressed Ribbon BridgeUploaded byanurag3069
- Calorie Sheet of Common Food ItemsUploaded byHarish Gunda
- AD344 SecureUploaded byTsukomaru
- Hot RolledUploaded byanurag3069
- Pipes for Structural IndustryUploaded byanurag3069
- Bhushan Steel - Plant and FacilityUploaded byanurag3069
- Rolling Contact Fatigue of Rails What Remains to Be DoneUploaded byanurag3069
- HIGH SPEED COACHES.pdfUploaded byanurag3069
- API5L-45th-Edition-Specification-for-Line-Pipe-for-website.docxUploaded byRaja Ram yadav
- Lecture16_RandProcess4.pdfUploaded byanurag3069
- Lecture13_RandProcess1Uploaded byManoj Mungara
- Journal of Promotion Mgt-Symbiotic-withThrassou2009Uploaded byanurag3069
- Prevention of Track Buckling & Rail FractureUploaded byanurag3069
- Valuation and Job Work Under GSTUploaded byanurag3069
- Job Work Under GstUploaded byanurag3069
- Housing TechnologiesUploaded byanurag3069
- ADKAR TemplateUploaded byanurag3069
- National Pention SchemeUploaded byOm Shiv Sharma
- Value CreationUploaded byanurag3069
- ClassificationUploaded byanurag3069
- The Autocorrelation FunctionUploaded byanurag3069
- Financing of Smart CitiesUploaded byanurag3069
- Life Cycle Cost AnalysisUploaded byanurag3069
- Estimation of Time-Series ModelsUploaded byanurag3069

- geodetic precession &frame draggingUploaded byOjeshKoul
- 130 - Pr 21 - Obsession With Mercury PrecessionUploaded byBradley Nartowt
- MAE 381 Orbital MechanicsUploaded byEzequiel Buenrostro
- Abhay AshtekarUploaded bydroy21
- Centennial of General Relativity (1915-2015); The Schwarzschild Solution and Black HolesUploaded byEdson Augusto
- Tmp 6823Uploaded byFrontiers
- GravitationUploaded byAngelito Dela Cruz
- Equivalence PrincipleUploaded byDeep Joshi
- Weight – an Official DefinitionUploaded byKosma Kosmic
- Backup of Min PrasadUploaded byRamesh Mainali
- gravity.pptUploaded byAien Zarin
- Black Holes a Laboratory for Testing Strong GravityUploaded bycyberman_77
- Top of FormUploaded bySujeet Sharma
- 11 Physics Chapter 8 Assignment 2Uploaded bynellai kumar
- 50620Uploaded byAnaghesh Muruli
- Hukum KeplerUploaded byUlfie Kusuma Wardhani
- HW_1_kkllohUploaded byKelvin Loh Kwong Lam
- Boardworks -GravitationUploaded bydiane hoyles
- GravitationUploaded byBhaNu PraTap
- gravityorbitsphetsimUploaded byapi-251840194
- Juan MaldacenaUploaded bymenilanjan89nL
- Nota Keplerian ElementsUploaded bynik_razali
- Dynamics Problems Set712 Solutions 2h1299aUploaded byrabin
- On the General Solution to Einsteins Vacuum Field - Crothers (2000)Uploaded byGeeleegoat
- Dynamics Lectures 2014Uploaded byErnst Schrama
- 07 - gravitationUploaded byapi-229838196
- Persistence of Induced Wormholes in Brane WorldsUploaded byDerek Pegritz
- Eternal Black Holes in Anti de Sitter PDFUploaded byEtai
- Earth Satellites OrbitsUploaded bykishore13
- Comments on Shaw Prize in Mathematical SciencesUploaded byc_y_lo