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MINI PROJECT

ON
THERMO
ACOUSTIC

REFRIGERATION
Submitted by:
Sreetam Kumar Dev –
(1021310329)
Amit Kumar Mandal- (1021310340)
Anish Dasgupta- (1021310328)
Akshansh Mishra-(1021310334)
Anand Singh-(1021310338)
Mani Sagar-(1021310302)

CONTENTS  Abstract  Introduction  Objective  Design and Fabrication  Components  Experimental setup  Advantages  Disadvantages  Applications  Conclusion .

For the design.  A prototype was designed.standing wave and a quarter wavelength resonator with air as working fl uid at ambient condition was used. Thermo-acoustic is a combined branch of acoustics and thermodynamics which studies the transfer of heat by sound waves. . fabricated and tested for exploration of this fi eld and to demonstrate thermoacoustic eff ect.Possible modifi cation in design has been discussed to improve effi ciency of TAR model.ABSTRACT  Conventional refrigeration techniques have high energy costs and continue to generate greenhouse gasses. The Thermoacoustic refrigerator(TAR) uses sound energy to achieve refrigeration.

However these too have disadvantages.  Thermo Acoustic Refrigeration (TAR)is one such green idea for refrigeration. The use of CFC’s is banned acknowledging its harmful eff ects on the environment.  Until the beginning of the twenty-fi rst century.  This led to the evolution of HCFC’s and HFC’s. .INTRODUCTION  Refrigeration is the science of producing and maintaining temperatures below that of the surrounding atmosphere. Both have high cost of production and contribute to global warming. CFC’S were widely used as refrigerants.

OBJECTIVE  Temperature difference (ΔT) between hot end and cold end of the stack . .  The development of alternative cheap and green refrigeration techniques as the priority for the future.

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF TAR .

.RESONATOR  The purpose of the resonator in a TAR is to contain the working fl uid and to cause it to have a desired natural frequency.

STACK  It is also called as regenerator.  A material that has a low thermal conductivity is desired because heat conducting across the stack works against the refrigerator. .  The material must also have a heat capacity much larger than the heat capacity of the working fluid so that sustained temperature gradient may be created.  It consists of large number of closely spaced surfaces aligned parallel to the length of the resonating tube.

. The frequency of wave created by the driver is generally at or near the resonant frequency of the resonator in which the wave oscillates. Driver operation is about 300400 Hz.DRIVER  The driver in a thermoacoustic refrigerator is used to create acoustic waves.

air conditioning etc.  Heat exchangers are used for refrigeration .HEAT EXCHANGER  Heat exchanger is an device used to transfer heat from one fluid to another . .

.EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Speaker was placed in the mount and the resonator on top of the speaker.

nonfl ammable.  The use of air or noble gas as working medium off ers a large window of appilication because there are no phase transitions.non toxic . .  Thermo acoustic refrigeration works best with inert gases such as helium and argon which harmless.ADVANTAGES OF TAR  No moving parts for the process .non ozone depleting or global warming and is judged inexpensive to manufacture.air.noble gas.so very reliable and along life span  Environmentally friendly working medium.  Use of simple materials with no special requirements which are commercially available in large quantities and therefore relatively cheap.

etc. There are not enough people who have expertise on the combination of relevant disciplines such as acoustic heat exchanger design. .DISADVANTAGES OF TAR TAR is currently less effi cient than the traditional refrigerators. Lack of suppliers producing customised components.

APPLICATIONS Cheap cooling Electronic equipment cooling in Naval ships Space equipment cooling application .

thus getting accumulated in between the upper portion of the stack and the lower portion of heat exchanger . The main reason for this was the heat exchange process. however it could not demonstrate a distinguishable thermo-acoustic refrigeration phenomenon. The heat from the hot region was not getting out of the system.CONCLUSION  The conclusion that we can derive is that the model was successful to demonstrate the Thermo-acoustic principle.