Genomic Gastronomy: Food Systems, Security & Policy

Introduce you the Center for Genomic Gastronomy WHY THIS IS ART 3 Projects - Agrinformatics: Taking Stock of Agricultural BioDiversity - Cuisinformatics: Food MetaData - Regimes of Innovation: Contestational Cooking

The talk will last approximately one hour inclusive of time for Q&A.

The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research institute engaged in exploring, examining and understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make up the human food systems of planet earth. We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology. The Center presents its research through public lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.

Gastronomy vs. Cuisine

Gastronomy vs. Agriculture
Food System Adaptaion • Production • Storage • Processing • Distributing • Access • Preparation • Consumption

TOOLS FOR MAKING SENSE of our food system choices
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Maps Charts Timelines Recipes Definitions Demonstrations Kitchen Tools Food Materials

CREATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS

FOOD CHARTS
Cuisinformatics: Food MetaData

COOKING COMPETITION
Agrinformatics: Taking Stock of Agricultural BioDiversity

RECIPES
Regimes of Innovation: Contestational Cooking

The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research institute engaged in exploring, examining and understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make up the human food systems of planet earth. We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology. The Center presents its research through public lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.

Why Is This Art?
The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research institute engaged in exploring, examining and understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make up the human food systems of planet earth. We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology. The Center presents its research through public lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.

Why Is This Art?
WHAT KIND OF CLIMATE/BIOSPHERE DO YOU WANT? WHAT KIND OF CLIMATE/BIOSPHERE ARE YOU OKAY WITH? WE HAVE ALWAYS BEEN GEOHACKERS / BIOHACKERS / PLANETCRAFTERS CONTESTATIONAL CLIMATE / CONTESTATIONAL ECOLOGY INFORMATION ECOLOGY >>> SPACESHIP EARTH API & SDK RESILIENT CITIES >>> RESELIENT ECOREGIONS / PLANETS

We Have Always Been GeoHackers

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Earth Art is for Humans Space Art is for Post Humans BioArt is for NonHumans

FEEDING 9 BILLION PEOPLE Food Systems: The Debate

MORE OF THE WRONG LINEAR THINKING
The conversion efficiency of plant into animal matter is ~10%; thus, there is a prima facie case that more people could be supported from the same amount of land if they were vegetarians. About 1/3rd of global cereal production is fed to animals. Therefore we should never eat meat or have farm animals

Food Production & Eating Disorders: 1st World Obesity

DEALING WITH EXTERNALITIES: Embodying Embodied Energy Costs

TRANSGENIC FOOD: How Does it Taste?

c. 2010

Fungible
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Sweet Meaty

Glyphosate Resistant (70%)

Agrinformatics
Taking Stock of Agricultural BioDiversity

BT BRINJAL

Brinjal 4-Way
In March 2010 we conducted a workshop and cooking contest at Srishti School of Art & Design in Bangalore, India about the diversity of Aubergene (a.k.a. Brinjal or Eggplant) available in Bangalore markets.

Student Video

Our Vulnerabilities to AgroTerrorism
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Few states raise more than 30% of what their residents eat. Most cities have only a fiveday food supply or less. On average, a person's food travels 1,300 miles from field to table. Current agricultural and food production trends make agroterrorism easier:

Concentration Decreasing genetic diversity Consolidation of support industries Urbanization Internationalization

Food System Adaptation
• • • • • • • Production Storage Processing Distributing Access Preparation Consumption
• Complex Adaptive Systems • Network Topology • • • • Sustainable Robust Resilient Redundant

• Risk Management • Qualitative & Ethnographic Findings

Agricultural BioDiversity
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Agrinformatics? The Long Tail of Crop Diversity? Information Ecology Perspective Metadata for Food Genomes How many crop species make up the top 50% of the planets calories?

What are the trade offs involved in food system choices? What do we mean by food security? Taster matters. Culture matters. How do we create food system resilience? How do we include the scope of what is taken into account?

Decentralize & Diversify
What Contestational Biologists Want ...We do not want to stop GMO research, only proceed with a caution that indicates a belief that environmental and public safety is of greater importance than profit. Transgenic Production and Cultural Resistance: A Seven-Point Plan 1. Demystify transgenic production and products 2. Neutralize public fear 3. Promote critical thinking 4. Undermine and attack Edenic utopian rhetoric 5. Open the halls of science 6. Dissolve cultural boundaries of specialization 7. Build respect for amateurism

Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People
- H. Charles Gadfray et al. in Science

Our view is that genetic modification is a potentially valuable technology whose advantages and disadvantages need to be considered rigorously on an evidential, inclusive, case-by-case basis: Genetic modification should neither be privileged nor automatically dismissed. We also accept the need for technology to gain greater public acceptance and trust before it can be considered as one among a set of technologies that may contribute to improved global food security.

Cuisinformatics
Food MetaData

FOOD CHARTS
The FoodChart exhibit features posters that illustrate the way foods are represented in government databases.

Designed to look like the food charts designed for school children in India, these posters help adults learn the contemporary names and numbers (Unique Indentifiers) & MetaData of the genomes in our food systems.

How Food Systems Learn

Taking Into Account

Regimes of Innovation
Contestational Cooking

Food Innovation?

HOLY GRAIL: Glowing (Fluorescent) Food

GloFish
• GlowingSushi.com

What is Innovation? Why is Innovation Disruptive?
Innovation is disruptive because it challenges assumptions and creates hybrids. In the early stages innovation appears to be something that wasn't “meant” to be done.
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Are fish “meant” to be inserted with GFP, RFP and OFP genes? Are transgenic fish meant to be bred & sold as pets? Are Transgenic pet fish meant to be eaten?

Is simply placing something that already exists in a new context a form of innovation?
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GFP is naturally occuring before it was used as a transgene. Transgenic Flourescent ZebraFish have been around for a long time before they were commercialized as pets. GloFish® brand transgenic pet products have been marketed as pets but they may have many other uses.

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Are Transgenic Fish Safe to Eat?
• 1. Fluorescent proteins have been widely used without apparent toxic effects 2. Fluorescent proteins are already present in the food chain 3. Fluorescent proteins do not appear to share significant homology to known allergens 4. Fluorescent proteins would be predicted to act like other proteins and undergo rapid digestion in the gut

Safety Assessment of Fluorescent Proteins for Yorktown Technologies, LP by Andrew Cubbit Ph.D

Risk Assessments of GloFish®
FDA Statement Regarding Glofish (December 9, 2003) Because tropical aquarium fish are not used for food purposes, they pose no threat to the food supply. There is no evidence that these genetically engineered zebra danio fish pose any more threat to the environment than their unmodified counterparts which have long been widely sold in the United States. In the absence of a clear risk to the public health, the FDA finds no reason to regulate these particular fish. Safety Assessment of Fluorescent Proteins for Yorktown Technologies, LP It is concluded that there is no basis for believing that fluorescent protein expression in transgenic fish would represent a toxicological risk, to either the environment or consumers, if the fish should enter the ecosystem. GLOFISH FAQ: What will happen if a GloFish® fluorescent zebrafish escapes into the waterways? Zebrafish are tropical fish and are unable to survive in non-tropical environments. They have been sold to aquarium owners worldwide for more than fifty years. Despite all these years of widespread distribution, zebrafish are only found in tropical environments, such as their native India. At the same time, please remember that GloFish® fluorescent fish are intended for use as aquarium fish only, and should never be intentionally released into the wild.

Cross Breeding At Home

Menus & How To's

The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research institute engaged in exploring, examining and understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make up the human food systems of planet earth. We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology. The Center presents its research through public lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.

CREATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS

FOOD CHARTS
Cuisinformatics: Food MetaData

COOKING COMPETITION
Agrinformatics: Taking Stock of Agricultural BioDiversity

RECIPES
Regimes of Innovation: Contestational Cooking

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