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Genomic Gastronomy: Food Systems,

Security & Policy


Introduce you the Center for Genomic Gastronomy

WHY THIS IS ART

3 Projects
- Agrinformatics: Taking Stock of Agricultural BioDiversity
- Cuisinformatics: Food MetaData
- Regimes of Innovation: Contestational Cooking

The talk will last approximately one hour inclusive of time


for Q&A.
The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research
institute engaged in exploring, examining and
understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make
up the human food systems of planet earth.

We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the


intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology.

The Center presents its research through public


lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.
Gastronomy vs. Cuisine
Gastronomy vs. Agriculture
Food System
Adaptaion
• Production
• Storage
• Processing
• Distributing
• Access
• Preparation
• Consumption
TOOLS FOR MAKING SENSE
of our food system choices

Maps

Charts

Timelines

Recipes

Definitions

Demonstrations

Kitchen Tools

Food Materials
CREATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS

FOOD CHARTS COOKING COMPETITION RECIPES

Cuisinformatics: Food Agrinformatics: Taking Regimes of Innovation:


MetaData Stock of Agricultural Contestational Cooking
BioDiversity
The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research
institute engaged in exploring, examining and
understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make
up the human food systems of planet earth.

We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the


intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology.

The Center presents its research through public


lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.
Why Is This Art?
The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research
institute engaged in exploring, examining and
understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make
up the human food systems of planet earth.

We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the


intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology.

The Center presents its research through public


lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.
Why Is This Art?
WHAT KIND OF CLIMATE/BIOSPHERE DO YOU WANT?
WHAT KIND OF CLIMATE/BIOSPHERE ARE YOU OKAY WITH?

WE HAVE ALWAYS BEEN GEOHACKERS / BIOHACKERS


/ PLANETCRAFTERS

CONTESTATIONAL CLIMATE /
CONTESTATIONAL ECOLOGY

INFORMATION ECOLOGY >>> SPACESHIP EARTH API & SDK


RESILIENT CITIES >>> RESELIENT ECOREGIONS /
PLANETS
We Have Always Been
GeoHackers

• Earth Art is for Humans


• Space Art is for Post Humans
• BioArt is for NonHumans
FEEDING 9 BILLION PEOPLE
Food Systems: The Debate
MORE OF THE WRONG LINEAR
THINKING
The conversion efficiency of plant
into animal matter is ~10%; thus,
there is a prima facie case that
more people could be supported from
the same amount of land if they
were vegetarians.
About 1/3rd of global cereal
production is fed to animals.
Therefore we should never eat meat
or have farm animals
Food Production &
Eating Disorders:
1st World Obesity
DEALING WITH
EXTERNALITIES:
Embodying
Embodied Energy
Costs
TRANSGENIC FOOD:
How Does it Taste?

c. 2010

Fungible

Sweet

Meaty

Glyphosate Resistant (70%)
Agrinformatics
Taking Stock of Agricultural
BioDiversity
BT BRINJAL
Brinjal 4-Way
In March 2010 we conducted a
workshop and cooking contest
at Srishti School of Art &
Design in Bangalore, India
about the diversity of
Aubergene (a.k.a. Brinjal or
Eggplant) available in
Bangalore markets.

Student Video
Our Vulnerabilities to
AgroTerrorism

Few states raise more than
30% of what their residents
eat.

Most cities have only a five-
day food supply or less.

On average, a person's food
travels 1,300 miles from
field to table.

Current agricultural and food
production trends make
agroterrorism easier:

Concentration

Decreasing genetic diversity

Consolidation of support
industries

Urbanization

Internationalization
Food System Adaptation
• Production • Complex Adaptive
Systems
• Storage • Network Topology
• Processing
• Distributing • Sustainable
• Access • Robust
• Preparation • Resilient
• • Redundant
Consumption
• Risk Management

• Qualitative &
Ethnographic Findings
Agricultural BioDiversity

Agrinformatics?

The Long Tail of Crop Diversity?

Information Ecology Perspective

Metadata for Food Genomes

How many crop species make up the
top 50% of the planets calories?
 What are the trade offs involved in food
system choices?
 What do we mean by food security?
 Taster matters. Culture matters.
 How do we create food system resilience?
 How do we include the scope of what is
taken into account?
Decentralize & Diversify
What Contestational Biologists Want Transgenic Production and Cultural
Resistance: A Seven-Point Plan
...We do not want to stop GMO
research, only proceed with a 1. Demystify transgenic
caution that indicates a belief production and products
that environmental and public
safety is of greater importance 2. Neutralize public fear
than profit.
3. Promote critical thinking

4. Undermine and attack Edenic


utopian rhetoric

5. Open the halls of science

6. Dissolve cultural boundaries


of specialization

7. Build respect for amateurism


Food Security: The Challenge
of Feeding 9 Billion People
- H. Charles Gadfray et al. in Science

Our view is that genetic modification is a


potentially valuable technology whose
advantages and disadvantages need to be
considered rigorously on an evidential,
inclusive, case-by-case basis: Genetic
modification should neither be privileged nor
automatically dismissed.

We also accept the need for technology to gain


greater public acceptance and trust before it
can be considered as one among a set of
technologies that may contribute to improved
global food security.
Cuisinformatics
Food MetaData
FOOD CHARTS
The FoodChart exhibit
features posters that
illustrate the way foods
are represented in
government databases.

Designed to look like the


food charts designed for
school children in
India, these posters
help adults learn the
contemporary names and
numbers (Unique
Indentifiers) & MetaData
of the genomes in our
food systems.
How Food Systems
Learn
Taking Into Account
Regimes of
Innovation
Contestational Cooking
Food Innovation?
HOLY GRAIL: Glowing (Fluorescent) Food
GloFish
• GlowingSushi.com
What is Innovation? Why is Innovation
Disruptive?

Innovation is disruptive because it challenges assumptions and


creates hybrids.

In the early stages innovation appears to be something that wasn't


“meant” to be done.

-
Are fish “meant” to be inserted with GFP, RFP and OFP genes?
-
Are transgenic fish meant to be bred & sold as pets?
-
Are Transgenic pet fish meant to be eaten?

Is simply placing something that already exists in a new context a


form of innovation?
-
GFP is naturally occuring before it was used as a transgene.
-
Transgenic Flourescent ZebraFish have been around for a long
time before they were commercialized as pets.
-
GloFish® brand transgenic pet products have been marketed as
pets but they may have many other uses.
Are Transgenic Fish Safe
to Eat?
• 1. Fluorescent proteins have been
widely used without apparent toxic
effects

• 2. Fluorescent proteins are


already present in the food chain

• 3. Fluorescent proteins do not


appear to share significant
homology to known allergens

• 4. Fluorescent proteins would be


predicted to act like other
proteins and undergo rapid
digestion in the gut

− Safety Assessment of
Fluorescent Proteins
for Yorktown Technologies,
LP by Andrew Cubbit Ph.D
Risk Assessments of
GloFish®

FDA Statement Regarding Glofish (December 9, 2003) Because tropical aquarium fish are
not used for food purposes, they pose no threat to the food supply. There is no
evidence that these genetically engineered zebra danio fish pose any more threat to
the environment than their unmodified counterparts which have long been widely sold
in the United States. In the absence of a clear risk to the public health, the FDA
finds no reason to regulate these particular fish.

Safety Assessment of Fluorescent Proteins for Yorktown Technologies, LP It is


concluded that there is no basis for believing that fluorescent protein expression in
transgenic fish would represent a toxicological risk, to either the environment or
consumers, if the fish should enter the ecosystem.

GLOFISH FAQ: What will happen if a GloFish® fluorescent zebrafish escapes into the
waterways? Zebrafish are tropical fish and are unable to survive in non-tropical
environments. They have been sold to aquarium owners worldwide for more than fifty
years. Despite all these years of widespread distribution, zebrafish are only found
in tropical environments, such as their native India. At the same time, please
remember that GloFish® fluorescent fish are intended for use as aquarium fish only,
and should never be intentionally released into the wild.
Cross Breeding At Home
Menus & How To's
The Center for Genomic Gastronomy is a research
institute engaged in exploring, examining and
understanding the genomes and biotechnologies that make
up the human food systems of planet earth.

We are dedicated to the advancement of knowledge at the


intersection of food, culture, ecology and technology.

The Center presents its research through public


lectures, research publications, and exhibitions.
CREATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS

FOOD CHARTS COOKING COMPETITION RECIPES

Cuisinformatics: Food Agrinformatics: Taking Regimes of Innovation:


MetaData Stock of Agricultural Contestational Cooking
BioDiversity