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12K502 MICROCONTROLLERS AND

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC
CONTROLLER

Unit I
8051 Architecture
Microcontroller Hardware - I/O Pins, Ports - External memory - Counters and Timers - Serial data I/O Interrupts - 8051 Assembly Language Programming: Instruction set of 8051, Addressing modes, Data transfer
instructions, Arithmetic and Logical Instructions, Jump and Call Instructions, interrupts and returns interrupts
and returns interrupt handling.
Interrupts.
Unit II
8051 Microcontroller Design
8051 Microcontroller Specification 8051 - Microcontroller System Design - Testing the Design, Timing
Subroutines, Look up Tables.
Serial Data Transmission
Unit III
8051 Microcontroller Applications
Interfacing of Keyboards - Interfacing of Display Devices - Analog to Digital and Digital to Analog Converter Interfacing Hardware Circuit - Multiple interrupts - Serial Data Communication - Network Configuration.
Pulse Measurement

Unit IV
Programmable Logic Controllers
Introduction - Parts of PLC - Principles of operation - PLC sizes - PLC hardware components - I/O section Analog I/O
Section Analog I/O modules - digital I/O modules CPU processor memory module - PLC programming Simple instructions
- Manually operated switches - Mechanically operated and Proximity switches -Output control devices - Latching relays
PLC ladder diagram, Converting simple relay ladder diagram in to PLC relay ladder diagram, Command to run a PLC
Math instructions
Unit V
Timers and Applications of PLC
Timer instructions ON DELAY, OFF DELAY and RETENTIVE Timers, UP COUNTER, DOWN COUNTER and UP
DOWN COUNTERS, control instructions - Data manipulating instructions, math instructions; Applications of PLC Simple materials handling applications, Automatic control of warehouse door, Automatic lubrication of supplier
Conveyor belt, motor control, Automatic control of power plant, HMI communication.
Bottle label detection and process control application.
Textbooks
Kennath J. Ayala.The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programming and
Applications, Penram International Publishing (India), Mumbai, 1995.
Frank D. Petruzella. Programmable Logic Controllers, Tata McGraw-Hill
Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, 2010

Microcontroller
A micro controller is an integrated circuit or a chip with a processor and other support
devices like program memory, data memory, I/O ports, serial communication interface
etc integrated together.
The 8051 Microcontroller was designed in 1980's by Intel.
Its foundation was on Harvard Architecture.
It is used in embedded system applications

Embedded Systems
An embedded system is some combination of computer hardware and software, either fixed
in capability or programmable, that is specifically designed for a particular function.
Embedded systems Apllications
Industrial machines,
Automobiles,
Medical equipment,
Cameras,
Household appliances,
Airplanes,
Vending machines and toys.
Automated teller machines,

Application of Microcontroller in Day to Day Life Devices:


Light sensing & controlling devices
Temperature sensing and controlling devices
Fire detection & safety devices
Industrial instrumentation devices
Process control devices
Application of Microcontroller in Industrial Control Devices:
Industrial instrumentation devices
Process control devices
Application of Microcontroller in Metering & Measurement Devices:
Volt Meter
Measuring revolving objects
Current meter
Hand-held metering systems